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The Glamour of Grammar: a succint lesson

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Sam Hepworth

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of The Glamour of Grammar: a succint lesson

Literal vs. Figurative: Is That REALLY What You Mean? Facebook, is a site that is intended to help old friends connect but instead is often used to find new "friends," resulting in awkwardness, possible painful conversations, and most likely an eventual de-friending. In the same way, a thesaurus is meant to be used to find sophisticated words buried inside one's brain, and not to discover and ineptly misuse new ones. The Thesaurus is the
"Facebook" of Words The Period, The Comma and Their Illicit Love Child: The Semicolon One of the best ways to learn new words is to adopt a letter. Our group chose to adopt the letter Q and the quirky words that contain it, such as: banquets , quailing, liquefy, liquids, quailed, quavers, squints, squires, plaque, quaffs, quartz, quivers, quotes, squats, quark, quart, quasi, queer, quell, queue, quoit, quota, quote, squid, aqua, quay, quid, and quiz. Adopt a Letter Today! The Magic of Throwing Everything You Just Learned Out The Window
BREAK THE RULES! Homophone vs homonym Parts of speech Lie vs Lay A vs the A Wake Up Call for Those Who Think They're Oh-So-Ironic
Irony vs Coincidence Taboo language: the best time to break out the F-word Homophones: words that sound the same but are spelled differently. Homonyms: words that sound the same and are spelled the same but have different meanings. Can the bare bear bear it? Literal language is what actually happened. "She literally died of excitement." We certainly hope not, because that would be a very tragic accident. It easily could have exploded figuratively though... We'll do it all
On our own
We don't need
Or anyone
I don't quite know
How to say
How I feel
If I lay here
If I just lay here
Would you lie with me and just forget the world?
Those three words
Are said too much
They're not enough
If I lay here
If I just lay here
Would you lie with me and just forget the world?
Forget what we're told
Before we get too old
Show me a garden that's bursting into life
Let's waste time
Chasing cars
Around our heads
I need your grace
To remind me
To find my own
If I lay here
If I just lay here
Would you lie with me and just forget the world?
Forget what we’re told
Before we get too old
Show me a garden that's bursting into life
All that I am
All that I ever was
Is here in your perfect eyes, they're all I can see
I don't know where
Confused about how as well
Just know that these things will never change for us at all
If I lay here
If I just lay here
Would you lie with me and just forget the world? Lay is a transitive verb meaning it takes a direct object (there is something that the action of the verb is being done to)
ex. Please lay the book on the table. So then what is the difference between lie and lay? Lie is an intransitive verb which means it cannot take a direct object. You cannot physically lie something.
ex. I am going to lie in bed. Verb: Lie
Infinitive: Lie
Past Tense: Lay Technical, smechnical. Verb: Lay
Infinitive: Lay
Past Tense: Laid A is an indefinite article in that it can be used for many things. "The" is a definite article in that it references one specific thing. How important are definite and indefinite articles then? Imagine if it was.... A Hunger Game? A Count of Monte Cristo ? A Big Bang Theory? A Shining? An Odyssey? " The dream is a wish your heart makes" ?" Verbal irony- Verbal irony refers to a person saying something which is supposed to mean exactly the opposite of what is being said. For example, A tourist exclaiming at the heap of trash bags in downtown Manhattan that he has never seen anything as wonderful as that. Dramatic Irony- Dramatic irony refers to the audience knowing something which at least one of the characters in the play does not know. For example, In “Romeo and Juliet,” the audience knew that Juliet was not dead when Romeo found her. She was unconscious, but Romeo did not know this. Tragic Irony- Tragic irony is a type of dramatic irony where the audience is fully aware of what is going to happen and watches it unfold. For example, In “Romeo and Juliet,” Romeo kills himself thinking Juliet was dead when he finds her, and Juliet on waking up finds him dead and stabs herself. Irony refers to something happening or something said about someone or some situation where the underlying meaning is the exact opposite of the literal meaning. Irony can be defined in many other ways, but this is one of the most accepted ways to define it and describe it.
Irony has been differentiated into the following types: Irony Coincidence is when two or more than two events happen of striking similarity at one particular time by accident or by chance.
Coincidence is difficult to explain as they happen entirely as a result of chance. Coincidence Coincidence is the happening of one or more events which produce results which were unexpected; irony refers to different singular events happening where the result is exactly opposite of what was expected literally.
Coincidence is not differentiated into types. Irony is differentiated into different types; verbal irony, dramatic irony, tragic irony, and situational irony.
Coincidences happen purely by chance, and they are very difficult to explain. Some ironies happen by chance like situational irony, but others like verbal irony are intended by the speaker to mean exactly the opposite of what he is saying because it is fully intended. Some actions are also ironic and they may or may not be intended For example, two classmates, who were not in touch with each other, meeting each other at an airport after ten years of time has gone by. The most common punctuation is the full stop, which is better known by its American alias, the period. It is used when a thought has been brought to a complete stop.
A Comma is used between two long independent clauses when conjunctions such as and, or, but, for, and nor connect them.
Semicolons are used to connect two independent clauses without a conjunction. Although it's deemed wildly inappropriate to insert foul language into formal writing pieces and most essays, most creative writing lacks the gusto that comes along with that shock of taboo language. In creative writing, taboo language should be used for these reasons:
1) If the author wants to shock the audience by using a certain word.
2) If it would add another level of realism to the piece.
3) To define an aspect of a character or place.
4) The taboo language can almost be used as humour during a particularly "pretentious" story. Literal language is what actually happened. No frills, no exaggerations, nothing extra; it's really just a proclamation of the plain ol' truth.

Figurative language has a little more spice. It presents a situation in a different, and sometimes even humorous, light. It stretches the truth and causes us to think about why these two events connect, like why "excitement" can lead to a head "exploding". A neologism is a new term... it's a made up word. Forming Neologisms: The Most Fun You Will Ever Have As A Nerd Some neologisms may not have specific meanings, but are portmanteaus (combination of words).

herbicial maniac

What words would work if you wanted to RELAX in a TAXI?? What if you wanted to relax in a taxi...? Although this may be true for creative writing, essayists and more scholarly works stay true to the real rules of language. But, (and yes, it is appropriate to use "but" at the beginning of a sentence) creative authors usually twist the rules, smear the laws of language, and in the end produce a work that represents who they truly are. That is, in the end, the true glamour of grammar. THE GLAMOUR OF GRAMMAR A presentation created by: Ali DiNardo Maria Gorecki Ricky Hvisch Sam Hepworth
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