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Chapter 4: Making Claims

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Tori Owens

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 4: Making Claims

Chapter 4: Making Claims

The Process of Making Claims
Definition of Claim
Types of Claims
1. Descriptive Claims

-make assertions about how to define some particular communication phenomenon

-purpose is to accurately describe reality

empirical methods
: experiments, surveys, and content analyses that rely on measuring quantitative or numerical data

-often require a categorizing scheme or

1. The Process of Making Claims
2. Definition of Claim
3. Types of Claims

Types of Claims Continued
3. Interpretive Claims

-how communicators create meaning

-emphasis on interpreting meanings and identifying cultural patterns
Types of Claims Continued
2. Explanatory and Predictive Claims

-explain the relationships between various communication phenomena, often by identifying reasons or causes for communication phenomena

-causal claim: when the claim you construct predicts that a change in one communication variable (dependent variable) is preceded and influenced by a change in the other (independent variable)
Types of Claims Continued
4. Evaluative and Reformist Claims

-establish set of criteria/standards and render judgements about how well or poorly some communication phenomenon meet those standards

reformist claims
identify negative consequences of the existing social system as a way of instigating change (critical paradigm)
Types of Claims Across Paradigms
Discovery Interpretive Critical
-Descriptive Claims -Descriptive Claims -Descriptive Claims
-Explanatory Claims -Interpretive Claims -Evaluative Claims
-Predictive Claims -Evaluative Claims -Reformist Claims
Claim: The central assertion of a research study
6 types of claims: descriptive, explanatory, predictive, interpretive, evaluative, and reformist
Descriptive claims fall into all 3 paradigms
Explanatory and predictive claims fall into the discovery paradigm
Claims presented as interpretation fall into the interpretive paradigm
Evaluation and social reform claims fall into the critical paradigm
, which allows you to
form a claim
Claims are based off of the 3 paradigms, and you conduct research differently based off of the paradigms
Discovery: Construct testable claims, precise procedures for measurement and reporting the results of testing the predictions
Interpretive: Begin with the research, and construct a claim as you go. You may not even have a claim until the end.
Rhetorical: Apply interpretive framework to reveal something about a texts social significance
Tori Fennessy
Tori Owens
Dylan Seedman
Full transcript