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Chapter 4: Making Claims

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by

Tori Owens

on 25 September 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 4: Making Claims

Chapter 4: Making Claims

The Process of Making Claims
Definition of Claim
Types of Claims
1. Descriptive Claims

-make assertions about how to define some particular communication phenomenon

-purpose is to accurately describe reality

-use
empirical methods
: experiments, surveys, and content analyses that rely on measuring quantitative or numerical data

-often require a categorizing scheme or
taxonomy

Overview
1. The Process of Making Claims
2. Definition of Claim
3. Types of Claims


Types of Claims Continued
3. Interpretive Claims

-how communicators create meaning

-emphasis on interpreting meanings and identifying cultural patterns
Types of Claims Continued
2. Explanatory and Predictive Claims

-explain the relationships between various communication phenomena, often by identifying reasons or causes for communication phenomena

-causal claim: when the claim you construct predicts that a change in one communication variable (dependent variable) is preceded and influenced by a change in the other (independent variable)
Types of Claims Continued
4. Evaluative and Reformist Claims

-establish set of criteria/standards and render judgements about how well or poorly some communication phenomenon meet those standards

-
reformist claims
identify negative consequences of the existing social system as a way of instigating change (critical paradigm)
Types of Claims Across Paradigms
Discovery Interpretive Critical
-Descriptive Claims -Descriptive Claims -Descriptive Claims
-Explanatory Claims -Interpretive Claims -Evaluative Claims
-Predictive Claims -Evaluative Claims -Reformist Claims
Claim: The central assertion of a research study
6 types of claims: descriptive, explanatory, predictive, interpretive, evaluative, and reformist
Descriptive claims fall into all 3 paradigms
Explanatory and predictive claims fall into the discovery paradigm
Claims presented as interpretation fall into the interpretive paradigm
Evaluation and social reform claims fall into the critical paradigm
Interest
guides
research
, which allows you to
form a claim
Claims are based off of the 3 paradigms, and you conduct research differently based off of the paradigms
Discovery: Construct testable claims, precise procedures for measurement and reporting the results of testing the predictions
Interpretive: Begin with the research, and construct a claim as you go. You may not even have a claim until the end.
Rhetorical: Apply interpretive framework to reveal something about a texts social significance
Tori Fennessy
Tori Owens
Dylan Seedman
Full transcript