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Terrorism

A history of terrorism and the United States
by

Ben Bailey

on 5 June 2013

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Transcript of Terrorism

November 8, 1990: Terrorist arrested in New Jersey, plans to destroy New York buildings, etc...
26 February, 1993: World Trade Center Bombing, 6 killed.
4 October, 1993: The 'Blackhawk Down' incident in Somalia, 18 Americans Killed
25 June, 1996: US military base in Saudi Arabia bombed, 19 servicemen killed.
7 August, 1998: US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania bombed, 220 killed.
12 October, 2000: Attack on USS Cole in Yemen kills 17 sailors. Mujahideen: Those who struggle; the strugglers of Jihad
Loyal to Afghan Freedom...
...Because rule by an 'infidel' force of invaders would go against Muslim beliefs.
They believe they are fighting Imperialist Russia. They feel that it is OK to use Imperialist America to fight Russia for the time being.
Osama Bin Ladin is one of the young leaders in the Mujahideen. September 11th, 2001 Islamic terrorists based in Afghanistan with Al Qeada, under the protection of the Taliban, use commercial aircraft as suicide bombs and they kill over 3000 Americans. The Origins of the Mid-East Conflict: Biblical Accounts: Abraham leaves Ur in Iraq to follow God: 2000 BC
God promises Abraham...
1: Millions of Descendants
2: Land to live in

Abraham has two sons, Issac & Ishmael.
Ishmael born first, but...
Issac born second, but...
It's a family feud! The Jewish/Christian View: We were here before The Arabic/Islamic View: We are here now Abraham was called by, and promised by the one true God.
Issac is the true inheritor of Abraham's promise from God.
Biblical history tells of Jews being kicked out of Palestine/Israel/The Promised Land.
Enslaved in Egypt
Escaped Egypt
Entering the Promised Land and slowly conquering it
The Jews set up their capitol and their most high temple in Jerusalem.
Temple is destroyed and rebuilt, etc...
The Romans Empire and occupation, eventually destroy the temple in 70 AD
The Jews are kicked out again -- the Diaspora of the Jews
Moving into 'modern times' the Jews were living almost any place in the world...
...except for Palestine.
Many in the U.S., Poland, Germany, Western Russia, etc...
Then... WWII... Abraham was promised by God
Ishmael was the first born inheritor of God's promise.
Ends up as a wanderer, banished from Abraham -- is said to be founder of Mecca, now in Saudi Arabia.
The descendants of Ishmael spread across the Middle East, and are currently known as the various Arabic peoples
In Palestine, some of the people were probably descendants of Ishmael. Philistines = Palestinians But the Cannanites from the same area that Abraham came from (Iraq) were even earlier!
Islam founded by Muhammed in about 611 AD, in Mecca. "Submission" to the One True God.
Islam spreads through all the Arabic people and enters Palestine.
Muhammed, the founder of Islam, is said to have accended into heaven from the rock at the top of the hill in the middle of the ruins of the Jewish temple...
...so the family feud becomes a religious feud...
Since then, the Palestinian people have lived in that area without actually being a nation...
...Then... WWII... Partly because of Hitler
In 1948, the UN and the UK take their hands off of Palestine
Jews form leadership and begin to actually fight for Palestine
Jews take Jerusalem and set up the Jewish State of Israel.
Despite issues... Religious, Political, Geographical
Many Jews and Palestinian Arabs/Muslims do get along well in Israel
It is a constantly evolving world political, military, and religious issue.
Religious Moderates dissagree, but get along.
Religious Extremists want to kill each other. Pre WWII: League of Nations gives UK control of Palestine
UK decides that it favors a Jewish State to be established.
Some Jews slowly begin to return in the form of small bands -- compare to our Pioneers in the West Post WWII: Modern Terrorism: Terrorism: The act of creating fear in a populace for the purpose of gaining political desires.
The weaker side in a conflict resorts to terror as a way of fighting a bigger enemy.
Modern Terrorism starts as Colonialism falters.
Africa, SE Asia, Latin America, Afghanistan, Palestine
In 1980, there were 64 known terror groups
Only 2 of those are 'Religious'
By 1995, 26 of 56 known groups are 'Religious'
Politics & Religion mix, and the results are....
Muslim terror groups target Israel & the West
Funded by governments
Protected by governments Why are we a target? Our support of the Israeli State Our general lean in Religion: Christian Our 'Nation Building' Our separation of Church & State -- Islam calls for a Theocracy Our material lifestyle: The Twin Towers are a symbol of the worship of money Israel = Little Satan
America = Big Satan What is Terrorism, and how has it become what it is today?
Why are we a target?
What is the future history of America because of all this? Jesus is crucified, Christianity grows as a split from Judaism. Anti-Israeli Terror:
All Terror groups model these
Cold War Proxy Wars
Oil
Suez Canal Palestinian Terrorists kidnap and kill the Israeli Athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich, Germany. Hezbollah:
Name = Party (political) of God
Based in Lebanon
Backed by Iran
Anti-Israeli
Still in the news today, launches rockets on Israel, gets funding from Iran, started recent small war in northern Israel.
Known for.... Political ties
Religious ties
Cold War ties
Israel provides a counter-balance in the region
All together it means anti-Israel = anti-America April 18, 1983: Hezbollah attacks the U.S. embassy in Beirut with a car bomb, killing 63 people, 17 of whom were American citizens. Oct. 23, 1983: Hezbollah attacks U.S. Marine barracks with a truck bomb, killing 241 American military personnel stationed in Beirut as part of a peace-keeping force. A separate attack against the French military compound in Beirut kills 58. April 12, 1984: Hezbollah attacks a restaurant near the U.S. Air Force Base in Torrejon, Spain. The bombing kills eighteen U.S. servicemen and injures 83 people. March 17, 1992: With the help of Iranian intelligence, Hezbollah bombs the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires, killing 29 and injuring over 200. Pan-Am 103 Dec. 21st, 1988. Lybian Islamic terrorists plant bomb on a 747 and kill 259 people. The aircraft fell onto a small town in Scotland and killed 11 more people. Afghanistan, the Taliban, and Al Qaeda, and OBL: An Outline of the Relationships Between
Terrorism & the United States The American Connection Domestic Response:
Homeland Security & the Patriot Act The War in Afghanistan: The War in Iraq: The Ongoing World-Wide War on Terror: Hijack of Achille Lauro
Cruise Ship Oct. 7, 1985, Demanded the release of Palestinian prisoners in Egypt, Italy, and elsewhere. When the demands weren't met, they killed Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old disabled American tourist, and pushed his body overboard in his wheelchair. Afghanistan, 1979: Mujahideen: Afghan War Afghanistan,
After the Soviets: Al Qaeda: Outside of Iraq and Afghanistan, both the U.S. and AQ are fighting each other in various countries.

AQ recruits people from Indonesia, most Arabic countries in the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and South America.

The U.S. must fight against this with spies and Special Operations Forces.

Arrests, small fire-fights, and terror attacks happen frequently around the world.

Currently, it is estimated that the Obama Administration has sent Speical Operations Forces to at least 75 different countries around the globe.

The Future.... The Barbary Coast Pirates: Early in American history, the Navy was built specifically to fight two wars with the nations of Muslim pirates who were attacking from North Africa.

Jefferson and Adams were both sent to negotiate with these nations to stop the bribery and piracy.

There response is very similar to what we see today: It was written in their Koran, that all nations which had not acknowledged the Prophet were sinners, whom it was the right and duty of the faithful to plunder and enslave; and that every Muslim who was slain in this warfare was sure to go to paradise. He said, also, that the man who was the first to board a vessel had one slave over and above his share, and that when they sprang to the deck of an enemy's ship, every sailor held a dagger in each hand and a third in his mouth; which usually struck such terror into the foe that they cried out for quarter at once. Who inherits God's Promise!? May 1st, 2011:
After nearly 20 years on the run, the mastermind of all major AQ attacks, including the 9/11 attacks, is found and killed in Pakistan.

Many other AQ leaders have been killed as well. TURKEY IRAQ IRAN SAUDI ARABIA EGYPT AFGHANISTAN SYRIA JORDAN ISRAEL LEBANON KUWAIT OMAN U.A.E. QATAR PAKISTAN GEORGIA RUSSIA TURKMENISTAN ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN AZERBAIJAN SUDAN ETHIOPIA SOMALIA ERITREA DJIBOUTI YEMEN MEDITERRANEAN
SEA PERSIAN GULF RED SEA INDIAN OCEAN BLACK SEA CASPIAN SEA Palestinians fight Israel
Muslim States around Israel often help
Israel wins all wars against these states
Terrorism becomes the main way for anti-Israeli forces to get anything done.
There have been THOUSANDS of attacks on Israel. Connection to the World... Afghanistan = non-Arabic, Persian Muslim people.
Ancient history of warfare.
AQ = "The Foundation"
Extremist reading of Quran
Holy War (Jihad)
Create a World Muslim Community (Caliphate)
Known long before 9/11/01
Has attacked us before, and since Borders Russia
Soviets help put down rebellion
Send 'technicians' along with tanks, guns, planes...
...who are actually spies.
Work to undermine and set up invasion of U.S.S.R. in October, 1979
Cold War -- U.S. responds by helping the anit-Soviet Afghan freedom fighters: Mujahideen Afghanistan: Russia's Vietnam
10 years, 1979-1989
Control only 20%
14,000 KIA
Big reason Soviet Union fell shortly after
Mujahideen use American CIA, weapons and training to defeat the Soviets
True Cold War proxy war.
Soviet withdrawal creates a power vacuum What is left fails
Tribal warfare for power
Alliances form: Northern Alliance v. Taliban
Taliban uses strict religious law as a way to govern
N. v. S. in stalemate
OBL is welcomed to bring AQ to Afghanistan AQ is a secretive network
Leadership without a central place
No government affiliation, only Islam
Bring religious paradise/ideology to earth through violence
Allegiance to death AQ is responsible for more than just Sept. 11th attacks... Born in Saudi Arabia
Trained as an engineer
Wealthy construction family: 5 Billion
About 25 Million inheritance
Develops extreme Islamic views
Angry about Infidels invading Afghanistan
Helps the Mujahideen, becomes leader
Goes back to Saudi Arabia as hero
In 1990, is now angry that the U.S. is in Saudi Arabia
Splits with Saudis, banished, goes to Sudan
Builds AQ in order to continue Jihad of Mujahideen world-wide OBL: New Department of Homeland Security
Oversees ALL other police, security, and safety agencies in the U.S.
The Patriot Act is passed by congress
Gives Law Enforcement broader powers to fight terrorism
Controversy...
...but... many terrorists have been captured within the U.S.
More than 12 specific terror attacks have been stopped....
...but not by anyone in Homeland Security. Special Forces are sent to Afghanistan
Connecting with the Northern Alliance
Using American technology and air power
Break the stalemate
Destroy Taliban rule
Set up new government
Still fighting/training/rebuilding
Taliban works against to regain power
AQ is on run and spread out, ineffective for several years 2003-2011, the Second Iraq War
Had no direct connection to AQ or 9/11
Iraq did support terrorist
Iraq had been attempting to develop WMD's
Iraq boasted about them/denied them
Iraq broke at least 10 of the UN/USA cease-fire agreements
War on Terror + Iraq = No more giving in to Iraq
War over quickly, Saddam Hussain captured
Occupation goes badly, lasts way too long
AQ sends fighters to Iraq to attack Americans
About 50% of fighters are not Iraqi Evaluate: "They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." ~Benjamin Franklin Evaluate: "The people sleep peaceably in their beds at night only because rough men stand ready to do violence on their behalf." ~George Orwell Some things to know: Three Major Religions in One Area Essential Questions: Judaism Christianity Islam The Jewish People
State of Israel
Worship YAWHEH
Read Torah (Old Testament)
Believe God will come to save them
Belief in afterlife Believe God did come to save them
Came from Judaism
Worship God of Israel/Jesus
Read the Bible
Belief in afterlife Believe in Allah
His prophet Mohammed
Read Quran
Belief in afterlife Most holy place is Jerusalem Most holy place is Jerusalem Most holy place is Meca & Medina ...and Jerusalem
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