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The Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

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by

Mr. Jacobsen

on 19 January 2017

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Transcript of The Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

The Female Reproductive System
What are the functions of the Female Reproductive System?
1. Produces the female sex cells - eggs aka ovum

2. Provides receptacle for male sex cells

3. Nourishes and protects the zygote/embryo/developing fetus
Ovaries
The average female has two ovaries.

They are responsible for:
1. Producing eggs or ova

2. Producing the female hormones
a. Estrogen
b. Progesterone
These hormones are responsible for the
maturation and release of the egg cells,
ovulation and menstruation, and the development of secondary sex characteristics.
Follicles
They are the cluster of cells that surround,
protect, and nourish a developing egg.
Oviduct
These are also known as the fallopian tubes.

1. A ten (10) centimeter long tube that connects
the ovaries to the uterus.

2. They are lined with cilia (thin, hair-like structures).

3. This is where fertilization takes place.
Fimbria
These are thin projections that form a fringe
around the ovarian end of the fallopian tubes.
Uterus
A hollow, muscular organ that is
pear-shaped and roughly the size
of a fist.

This is where the fetus is developed
and protected for the duration of the
pregnancy.

Endometrium
The inner lining of the uterus
that is shed during menstruation.

It is made up of vaginal mucus
and blood vessels.

Cervix
This is the connection between the uterus and the vagina and is usually plugged with mucus.
Vagina
The part of the reproductive system that receives the penis during sexual intercourse and the sperm during ejaculation.

After complete fetal development it is the birth canal.

Also the menstrual flow exit.
Ovulation Video
Full transcript