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Copy of Introduction to Folktales
Transcript of Copy of Introduction to Folktales
Folktales include... Legends Fables Fairy tales Ghost stories Tall tales Folktales evolved out of myth, so they have some similarities and even share several archetypical characteristics. However, we should note that there are several key differences between myths and folktales. 1. Folktales, unlike myths, are secular (non-religious). 2.Folktales were created as much if not more for their entertainment value as their teaching or moral values. 3. Folktales feature magic, transformations, and enchantments-just as myths do. But, although folktales may include gods and goddesses as characters, they are not usually central actors in the story. 4. Folktale heroes tend to be common, everyday folk who don’t have special powers, unlike the heroes of myths, who are the superhuman offspring of gods/goddesses and human parents. 5. Folktales are not associated with religious ritual. Most important to remember is that the purposes of the two types of stories are different. Myths are a direct reflection of a culture’s religious and deeply moral beliefs; folktales are not.
Examples of fairy tales include: Cinderella, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty,
Rapunzel, and The Princess and the Pea A fairy tale is a particular type of folktale that features supernatural elements such as spirits, talking animals, and magic.
Good hearted people who triumph over evil people are the usual heroes of fairy tales.
A fable is a short allegorical narrative making a moral point, traditionally by means of animal characters who speak and act like human beings.
Examples of fables include:
The Emperor's New Clothes
The Tortise and the Hare
The Boy Who Cried Wolf
The Ant and the Grasshopper
A ghost story is a story that has supernatural or frightening elements, especially a story featuring ghosts or spirits of the dead. Examples of ghost stories include...
"The Tell-Tale Heart," "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," and "A Christmas Carol"
A tall tale is an exaggerated, unreliable story Examples of tall tales include the stories of Johnny Appleseed, Paul Bunyan, and Davy Crockett A legend is a traditional story, popularly regarded as historical, but unauthenticated Examples of legends include Morte d'Arthur, Robin Hood, Beowulf, and Big Foot The archetype of the hero and the quest is transfered from myth to folktales, but again, there are some significant differences. Differences between epic heroes and folk heroes: The folk hero will have an unusual childhood, but in a more typically ordinary way. He won’t be the offspring of gods. The folk hero is typically an orphan or neglected step-child. The folk hero doesn’t have any special powers or a particularly enchanted weapon, but he will be exceptionally clever, resourceful, or even exceptionally kind. Differences between the quests: Both kinds of heroes go on quests for knowledge or enlightenment, but sometimes the folk hero's quest is only to "see the world." In folktales, benefactors are often kindly strangers and loyal friends are replaced by animals or people who are paying back a kind deed performed by the folk hero. Part 1 of Tim Burton's "Big Fish" How are Edward Bloom's stories folktales?
Who is the hero?
What is the purpose of the stories?
What kind of folktales does he tell?