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TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS

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by

Paula Morro Cuenca

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS

Pre-existing knowledge
Problems with pre-existing knowledge
Written text
Conversation
Schema

What we bring to the task.
READING
TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS
HOW WE READ AND LISTEN
PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

READING
EXTENSIVE AND INTENSIVE READING
SKIMMING AND SCANNING
READING LESSON SEQUENCES

Problems and Solutions
The teaching and learning of receptive skills presents a number of
particular problems
which will need to be addressed:
Reading lesson sequences

the usage of
intensive reading
may make students
practise specific skills
, such as:
- extracting specific information.
- reading for communicative purposes.
- identifying specific uses of language.

1. Language
Word and sentence length
Unfamiliar words
Scanning
Skimming
Skimming is a fast reading technique
It can help you to identify quickly the main ideas in a text
You don't read the whole text word-for-word
Skimming will help you to decide if the text is interesting and/or relevant
Scanning is another fast reading technique
It can help you to look for specific information within a text
You don't read the whole text word-for-word
Scanning can help you find information in or answer questions about a text
Key phrases
Reasons
Instrumental reasons


Pleasurable reasons
Extensive Reading
Intensive Reading
Top-down
Ways of
addressing the problem
:
Pre-teaching vocabulary
Using extensive reading
Using authentic material in class
overall picture
4. Negative expectations
Students sometimes have low expectations of reading
2. Topic and Genre
Teachers need to think
how to choose and use topics
and
how to approach different genres
:
Choosing the right topic
Creating interest
Activating schemata
Varying topics and genres
3. Comprehension tasks
Reading comprehension tasks
test
the students rather than
help them to understand
.
It is a tragedy about "two star-crossed lovers", each from a family with a grudge against the other. After a party at the Capulet mansion Romeo and Juliet fall in love, but with conflict between the two families it becomes difficult for them to see each other. After a brawl romeo becomes banished for the murder of Tybalt. At the end, the two lovers hatch a plan to be together again. The play finishes with a tragic end.
Romeo and Juliet
To resolve these problems we need to use comprehension tasks that:
Promote understanding
Match text and task appropriately
Extensive reading
refers to the
outside
reading students do on their own with
no help or guidance
from the teacher.
Reading for pleasure
on topics that interest the students.
Bottom- up
detailed reading
We as
teachers
have to persuade them to change these negative expectations into
realistic optimism
:
Manufacturing success
Agreeing on a purpose
Setting up a library
Different skills
Identifying the topic
Predicting and guessing
Interpreting the text

Reading with different purposes
Extensive reading materials
General information

Specific information

Detailed information
Material students can understand
Students at the appropriate level can read can read them with ease and confidence.
'readers' or 'simplified readers'
they can take form of original fiction or non-fiction books as well as simplifications of established works of literature.

Teaching English with COMICS
Why would it be beneficial to teach English with comics or comic strips?
- To use original material
- To motivate students
- To develop reading and writing skills
It goes without saying that more reading helps to develop reading skills, but what is particularly useful with comic strips is that they rich provide visual contexts that will definitely help the readers understand the text more easily. The constant visual support also helps the reader follow the sequence of the story. Several studies have been done to test the fact that reading comics helps students’ understanding of texts.
TO DEVELOP READING AND WRITING SKILLS
The role of the teacher in extensive reading
programmes


There's no doubt about it, Harry has changed millions of lives. Here are a few key figures.
400 million copies sold worldwide
68 languages in which Harry is published
200 countries sell Harry Potter in bookstores
228 weeks Harry Potter spent on the New York Times bestseller list
51% of kids say they did not read books for fun until reading Harry Potter
74% of kids say reading Harry Potter made them more interested in reading other books
65% of kids say they do better in school after reading Harry Potter
NOTABLE NUMBERS
Discuss the Harry Potter books, the reasons the books have become so popular, and the reasons the books are controversial.

What makes a book interesting?
What makes a book popular?
What makes a book controversial?
Activity 1
ACTIVITY 2

Harry Potter readings

More than
40,000
people
die
every year in motor vehicle
crashes,
and research indicates that
failures of attention
- including distractions or drowsiness - probably played a role in most of those crashes.
Crashes and near-crashes are about three times as likely to happen when the driver is performing a
complex task
not related to driving (such as using a phone or even texting), and twice as likely during a moderately complex task (such as inserting a CD).
As
new technologies
are introduced, the list of potential distractions keeps getting longer. Of course, most drivers
overestimate
their own
abilities:
In one survey, 88 percent of the respondents judged themselves to be safer than the average driver.

How do I drive? Ask my car
Working with genres
ACTIVITY 3
PARENTS STUDIES DIFFERENCES CONFORMITY PINK SONS GENDER BRAIN PREFERENCES DAUGHTERS BEHAVIOR INNATE BLUE
ACTIVITY 8
DO YOU REMEMBER THIS FAIRY TALE?
The Queen had a daughter. There was a very fine christening; and the Princess had for her godmothers all the fairies they could find in the whole kingdom (there were seven of them), so that every one of them might confer a gift upon her, as was the custom of fairies in those days. By this means the Princess had all the perfections imaginable.
Why do students need to read in English?
Text selection
Type of reading
Reading
techniques
INTENSIVE READING:
THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER
- Organiser.
- Observer.
- Feedback organiser.
- Prompter.
INTENSIVE READING:
the vocabulary question.
Posible solutions:
- Compromise with students.
- Let them ask, with limits:
Time
limit
.
Word/phrase
limit.
Meaning
consensus.
general understanding
vs.
individual
meaning
ACTIVITY 7
Guess what the article will be about
ACTIVITY 4
Time for discussion
Pink Brain, Blue Brain
COMPARING NEWSPAPER STYLES

David Kennedy, aged 28, the fourth son of the late Robert Kennedy, was yesterday found dead in an hotel room in Palm Beach, Florida, where he had been visiting his ailing grandmother, Mrs. Rose Kennedy.
The latest tragedy to strike the Kennedy family came to its most vulnerable member. In a recent biography, David Kennedy, who had a long history of drug problems
was described as the most self-destructive child of the two assassinated Kennedy brothers. The death was announced in a statement from the offices of Senator Edward Kennedy on Capitol Hill. The West
Palm Beach police chief offered no immediate comment on whether the death was drug related.
David Kennedy.
THE GUARDIAN,
Alex Brummer.
Compare both Styles...
Compare both pieces of information.
Consider the following:

- Length of the article.
- The order of the information.
- Language style (Example:
murdered
vs.
assassinated
)
- Amount of detail.
Houses in Hogwarts
Generalities
Reputation
Particularities
Common room

Static libraries in the classroom
Code the books for level and genre
Signing-out system
Extensive Reading Programme
Most students will not do a lot of extensive reading by themselves



OUR ROLE IS
CRUCIAL
WE NEED TO PROMOTE READING AND PERSUADE STUDENTS OF ITS BENEFITS
ORGANISE
READING
PROGRAMMES
Extensive Reading Tasks
Reporting back on their reading
- Students can ask questions and/or tell their classmates about books
- As part of any learning journal (writing)
Teaching English with SONGS
Here is a simple comic strip without words. Look at the pictures and guess the words.

Five reasons why I use songs in class:
- Authentic materials
- Can also teach culture and history
- Songs contain repetitions
- Teach vocabulary and pronunciation
- They are fun

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
ACTIVITY 6

Before reading
While reading
After reading
ACTIVITY 5


Skimming or scanning?
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