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Article III: The Judicial Branch
Transcript of Article III: The Judicial Branch
Once a member of the Judicial Branch retires, dies, or is removed, their place in the Supreme Court becomes open to anyone who is trained in law and is appointed by the president. Once the president selects a candidate, that person is then interviewed and questioned by a panel of Senate members who, once the questioning is done, can either approve or deny the candidate's entry into the Supreme Court.
The Preamble is a list of what people are going to have the government accomplish and enforce.
The Judicial Power
Supreme Court Justices
There are 9 members of the Supreme Court Justices;
How the Supreme Court gets cases
The Supreme Court must wait for cases from lower courts.
Parties must petition the Court for a writ of certiorari
A writ (order) of a higher court to a lower court to send all the documents in a case to it so the higher court can review the lower court's decision
It is the Court's custom and practice to "grant cert" if four of the nine Justices decide that they should hear the case.
Of the approximately 7,500 requests for certiorari filed each year, the Court usually grants cert to fewer than 150.
These are typically cases that the Court considers sufficiently important to require their review; a common example is the occasion when two or more of the federal courts of appeals have ruled differently on the same question of federal law.
Article III: The Judicial Branch
No age requirements
No citizenship requirements
Has to be trained in law
Has to be appointed by the President
Samuel Anthony Alito
Stephen G. Breyer
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Anthony M. Kennedy
People or groups of people are accused of treason in the cases of mass destruction and if it effects the well being of the nation. Also, if the the President is in harm, when some people betray, or wage war against their own country is also considered treason.
John G. Roberts
The people want justice which the laws ensure. They want peace throughout the nation, along with an army to protect them. Overall the people want
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
which every person has as their Human Rights!
9 members which include one Chief Justice and 8 Justices
Each has one vote in cases
Has final say in all cases
Take cases from less powerful courts that have controversy or if 2 or more states have issues (ex: Citizen/State, State/Other State, State/Party etc.)
Can decide if President's actions are unconstitutional
Party must show harm against them to be considered to be heard by Supreme Court
Judicial Branch has power over treaties that have been made and are going to be made
Accusing People of Treason
Thank you for
More about the Justices
Thanks for watching!
John G. Roberts; appointed to the United State Court of Appeals for the district of Columbia Circuit in 2003
President George W. Bush appointed John G. Roberts Chief Justice of the U.S., and John G. Roberts took his seat on September 29, 2005
Created by: Samuel, John, Grace, Kendra, Regan, and Chris
Antonin Scalia was appointed Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1982.
President Reagan appointed him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat September 26, 1986
The Supreme Court is the highest court system.
Anthony M. Kennedy was appointed the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in 1975. President Reagan appointed him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
He took his seat February 18, 1988.
The United States Courts for the Ninth Circuit consists of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals along with district and bankruptcy courts in the 15 federal judicial districts that comprise the circuit, and associated administrative units that provide various court services.
Clarence Thomas became Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1990
President Bush appointed him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and he took his seat October 23, 1991
Ruth Bader was appointed a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980
President Clinton appointed her and she took her seat on August 10, 1993
Stephen G. Breyer was nominated by President Clinton who appointed him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
He took his seat on August 3, 1994
Samuel Anthony Alito was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the third circuit in 1990
President George W. Bush appointed him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
He took his seat on January 31, 2006
Sonia Sotomayor was nominated by Barack Obama, who appointed her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on May 26, 2009
She took her seat on August 8, 2009
Elena Kagan, in 2009 was nominated by President Barack Obama as the Solicitor General of the United States
A year later, the President nominated her as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court on May 10, 2010
She took her seat on August 7, 2010
The Job of a Justice
can check the actions of the President and Congress if necessary
can tell the President that his actions are unconstitutional
can tell Congress if a law is passed that violates U.S. Constitution then it is no longer a law
can tell government of state if their laws are unconstitutional
must have good behavior to stay a Justice
The Judicial Power Continued...
in all cases involving Ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, and States, the Supreme Court shall have the power to hear the case for the first time(original jurisdiction)
in all other cases, the Supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, power of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of lower courts
trial held in state where crime was committed
if crime was not committed in any states trial will be in such place as Congress says the trial will be
in trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment will be presented in front of a jury