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Timeline of Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn

For English :)
by

Lynnda Kim

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of Timeline of Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn

89 YEARS IN THE LIFE OF ALEXANDER SOLZHENITSYN 2002 March (cc) image by jantik on Flickr 1917 Russian Revolution 1918 Alexandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was born in Kislovodsk, Russia on December 11, 1918. His father died in World War I six months before he was born. 1928 Joseph Stalin fortifies his power and began his first Five-Year Plan 1936 1939 - 1937 Stalin's great purge massacred tens of thousands Being an unpublished young author, Solzhenitsyn was frustrated, and reluctantly studied Mathematics at Rostov University in Russia. 1940 Solzhenitsyn married Natalia Reshetovskaia 1942 For two and a half years, during World War II, Solzhenitsyn served as an artillery captain. 1945 Solzhenitsyn was arrested as a captain in the army for "disrespectful remarks" written about Stalin in relations with a friend. He was soon taken to a labor camp to carry out an eight-year sentence. 1947 Solzhenitsyn was posted as a school teacher of physics and math inside the scientific labor camps, and he used this as a cover to write. Most of his poems would survive his prison sentence, but he also commited reams of prose to memory. "The First Circle" would later chronicle this time period. 1950 Natalia Reshetovskaia divorced solzhenitsyn. Solzhenitsyn was transferred to a labor camp for political prisoners in 1950, where he contracted stomach cancer. 1953 Solzhenitsyn released from prison camps and diagnosed with terminal cancer; After serving his eight-year prison term, Solzhenitsyn receives a new sentence: imprisonment for life. Nikita Khrushchev takes power in the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin's death earlier in the year. 1954 after treatment, his cancer cleared. The ordeal was later published as "The Cancer Ward" and "The Right Hand." 1956 Khrushchev lead reforms and Solzhenitsyn was released from imprisonment. He became a science teacher. 1957 Natalia Reshetovskaia married solzhenitsyn again 1961 After keeping his writing secret from most of his closest friends, the 43-year-old Solzhenitsyn's manuscript for "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich" reached "Novy Mir" editor Aleksandr Tvardovsky. Tvardovsky published the polemical novel about a labor camp. 1962 Publishes One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich 1964-1965 Solzhenitsyn came to regret the publication of his first novel when, as Khrushchev was removed, his plays were halted and his unpublished novel "The First Circle" was taken away. 1968 Publishes Cancer Ward and First Circle Solzhenitsyn completed his masterpiece, "The Gulag Archipelago," which is a history of the labor camps in which he served. The book became a harsh accusation of Russian dictator Joseph Stalin's government and it made the term "gulag" popular within the camps where Stalin held political prisoners in an attempt to hinder those who opposed the Soviet state 1970 Solzhenitsyn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970 (before the publication of "Gulag") he was prevented from receiving the prize for years due to the Soviet state protesting. His unpublished manuscripts begin spreading to the West and Solzhenitsyn's literary fame grew. 1972 solzhenitsyn divorced Natalia Reshetovskaia for the final time 1973 The first of the three volumes of "The Gulag Archipelago" was published. Aleksei Kosygin's Soviet government did not take immediate action Solzhenitsyn married his second wife, Natalia Svetlova. They had three sons: Yermolai, Stepan and Ignat 1974 The state-run newspaper "Pravda" labels Solzhenitsyn a traitor. He was stripped of his citizenship and deported to West Germany. Solzhenitsyn lived in Switzerland, then continued his exile in Cavendish, Vermont, where he completed "The Red Wheel," a series of novels about the formation of the modern Soviet Union. His later books received little attention in the West and, in his last years, Solzhenitsyn earned the reputation as a short-tempered grouch. 1994 Following the restoration of his citizenship in 1990 and the collapse of the U.S.S.R., Solzhenitsyn returned home and settled near Moscow, where he would live the rest of his life 1988 Mikhail Gorbachev became U.S.S.R. president 1989 The Berlin Wall was dismantled Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia 2001 New Yorker editor David Remnick wrote that Solzhenitzyn was "the dominant writer of the 20th century." 2008 Solzhenitsyn died on August 3. Son Stepan informed the media that his father has died at age 89
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