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Lesson 7: Origins and Spread of Islam

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ashley tuttle

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Lesson 7: Origins and Spread of Islam

Lesson 7: Origins and Spread of Islam
Islam in Medieval Times
Africa
Europe
Asia
Islam in Medieval Times
TRADE ROUTES
Arabian Peninsula
Syrian Desert
Islam is the 2nd largest religious group in the World
"Islam" means "Peace through the submission to God.
1.5 billion followers world wide
Followers of Islam are called Muslims.
"Muslim" means "anyone or anything that submits itself to the will go "God"
Islam Facts
How did the religion of Islam begin?

It was founded by a man named Muhammad
Muhammad was born in Makkah
Makkah is also known as Mecca
At age 40 he claimed he was visited by Angel Gabriel and received his first revelation from God.
The first revelation is that there is only
one God
and his name is Allah.
During this times most Arabs believed in
more
than one god.
According to Tradition, many centuries before Muhammad was born, God tested the prophet Abraham's faith by ordering him to leave Hagar and their infant son Ishmael in a desolate valley. As Hagar desperately searched for water, a miracle occured.

Muslims believe in the Torah- Book of Moses
(Genesis 1-7 to be true)

Lets take a look at the Genesis 16-17 and dive into the background.
Muhammad??
Born in 570
Makkah (Mecca)
Polytheism v. Monotheism
Muhammad apparently could neither read nor write, he said that the messages from Gabriel were imprinted on his mind and heart. His followers also memorized them. He wrote the Koran.
The story continues.....
New World was found in 1492
570 C.E.
Eventually, some followers wrote down these words and collected them in the Qur’an (also spelled Koran), the holy book of Islam.
Ge 16:1
Now Sarai Abramham's wife bare him no children: and she had a handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.
2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
Ishmael had twelve sons, who became the founders of so many
Arab tribes
or colonies, the
Ishmaelites
, who spread over the wide desert spaces of Northern Arabia from the Red Sea to the Euphrates.
About Ishmael
Ge 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.

Amazing prophecy as the above scripture signify, that he would be of a quarrelsome temper and warlike disposition, continually engaged in fighting with his neighbors.
Muhammad's birth place
Ishmael is recognized as an important prophet and patriarch of Islam.
Muslims believe that Ishmael was the firstborn of Abraham, born to him from his second wife Hagar. Ishmael is recognized by Muslims as the ancestor of several prominent Arab tribes and being the forefather of Muhammad.
Muslims also believe that Muhammad was the descendant of Ishmael that would establish a great nation, as promised by God in the Old Testament.

"And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of 12 rulers, and I will make them into a great nation."

—Genesis 17:20
Ishmael to the Islamic Religion
God's Covenant in Gensis

"As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him, and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation. 21"But My covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this season next year."
Lets dive into Genesis and see the connection to the Bible.
Full transcript