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Is Buddhism an Universalizing or Ethnic Religion?
Transcript of Is Buddhism an Universalizing or Ethnic Religion?
Buddhism is an universalizing religion. This means that it is a religion practiced worldwide. An individual can be any race, nationality, or ethic in order to study Buddhism.
Lumbini: the birthplace of Tathagata(the Buddha who found the truth) in Nepal
Temples; Bodh Gaya: most holy place on Earth for Buddhists. Has the Mahabodhi Temple.
Stupas; Dhamek Stupa: the place where the Buddha went, after his first enlightenment, gave his 5 disciples his first sermon
Foundation of Buddhism(Four Noble Truths)
Hearth of Buddhism
It has been concluded that the hearth of Buddhism was in northern India. This took place sometime in the late 6th Century B.C.E. Siddhartha Gautama, who is now known as the Buddha, which means the Enlightened or Awakened one.
Literal meaning: Teaching of the Elders
Follow the original teachings of the Buddha and will never make adjustments to them
Location: "Southern"; Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, and some parts of Southeast Asia
Literature: Pali Canon
Diffusion of Buddhism
The diffusion of Buddhism began from its place of origin, northern India, to Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, China and other South East Asian countries. Then the religion began to move north into the Himalayan kingdoms. This includes Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, Mongolia and other parts of Central Asia, and also into China, Korea and Japan. Now, different people all over the world can be a part of the Buddhist religion.
Literal Meaning: The Great Vehicle
Mahayanists follow whatever Buddha they would like to. Ex: Siddhartha, Gautama, ect.
Location: "East Asia"; China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, ect.
Main Sects: Pure Land, Zen, and Vajrayana(some consider a 3rd branch of its own)
4th largest religion in the world
around 376 million followers
Buddhist temple is called Vihara; a place for education.
A Buddha is a teacher, not a god.
They place flowers and food in front of the Buddhist Statue. Flowers are to remind the person that they will not live forever. Food is given to the Monks since they own nothing of their own. Buddhists also assume feel that giving them food will help them reach Nirvana.
"The fat Buddhist at every Chinese Restaurant that people put money on is not the original Buddha (Siddharta Gautama), his name is Buddai. Buddai was a weird zen monk that lived in China in the 900s."