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Putting a new A into Action Research


Reflective Learning

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Putting a new A into Action Research

If we feel we can change the question, we have a chance to change the conversation. Change this & we have an opportunity to improve the action.
Putting a new 'A' into Action Research
PAAR (Ghaye et al 2008) is a style of practice improvement research that starts from the positive.
It has 5 dimensions:

How far do you create positive spaces for improvement practices?
(physical and psycho-social )
Participation as (potentially) empowering
(Cooke & Kothari, 2001)

Participation as democracy
(creating spaces where people can argue, disagree, discuss, decide & learn – Tandon 2008)

Participation as social justice
(at the interface of domination and liberation – political nature of everyday life - Griffiths, 2003)

(as a positive transformative educational process)
Appreciation as re-framing (shifting the balance from deficit-based to strengths-based discourses – Rath & Conchie 2008)

Appreciating the positive (and using this to be the best that you can be – Fredrickson, 2010, Marchi & Ghaye, 2010)

Appreciation as generative (building a better future from aspects of the positive present – Bushe 2007)

(using our appreciative intelligence to improve practice – Thatchekery & Metzker, 2006)
1st generation: Action Research (AR - e.g. Lewin, Argyris)
What is the practical problem I need to address in my work?

2nd generation: Participatory Action Research (PAR – Fals-Border & Rahman)

What can we do together to change the situation here?

3rd generation: Participatory and Appreciative Action Research

(Ghaye 2011)

How can we build and sustain better practices and policies by working more ethically from aspects of the positive present?

(as a positive intervention to improve practice and policy)
Reflection as a kind of thinking (Dewey 1933)

Reflective practice as knowing through and in the actions of our work practices (Schön 1983)

Reflective inquiry as a critical interrogation of the social and political contexts of learning (Freire 1970, Lyons 2009)

Reflective learning as enhancing human flourishing (Ghaye 2010)

(that is strengths-based - Ghaye et al 2008)
PAAR as a Strength-based approach to doing research to improve practice and policy
PAAR to ...
… the best in the present situation
… what needs to be amplified or changed to make things (even) better
… what needs to be done, by whom & with what effects
… opportunities for people to be the best they can be, to achieve their goals.
Professor (dr.) Tony Ghaye, Director, RL-International
The Elevation of Positive Emotions through
Appreciating the positive in ourselves, in our work, lives and communities does not simply reflect success and good health, it can also produce success and good health.
(Participatory and Appreciative Action & Reflection)
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