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What is Qualitative Research ?
Transcript of What is Qualitative Research ?
Focus on participants' :
with emphasis on
3) context, process & flexibility
1) Focus on qualitative research : principles, objectives, philosophies, value-base & design
2) Explore components parts of qualitative methodology
3) Contribute to your knowledge base for the two module assessment tasks
three things you have learnt
Participants' experiences have diverse qualities & meanings.
The researcher can explore these & their social context
(Gubrium and Holstein, 2001).
Structure questions to focus on
themes, topics, & issues.
Interview will have a fluid and/or flexible structure.
Research themes / topic guides
Analysis of data will inform the explanations of how participants interpret and make sense of their day-to-day life
(Yanow and Schwartz-Shea 2006).
Continuing interaction between data collection & analysis
for collecting data
Seeks answers to a question
• Uses a pre-defined set of procedures
• Collects data & evidence
• Produces findings : not determined in advance
• An inductive approach to relationship between theory & research
Adopts a constructionist position with respect to the nature of social reality
Provides data about the 'human' side of an issue – that is......
often contradictory behaviours, beliefs, opinions, emotions, & relationships of individuals.
Uses a flexible style of questions to elicit & categorize participants' responses.
Describes & explains :
Group & community norms
Ethical approval :
Research projects have capacity
to cause emotional distress
Intrusion into traumatic, personal & private events
(Glaser & Strauss, 1967)
A common analytic approach which creates emphasis on working 'up from the data'.
Researcher remains open-minded about about codes & phenomena.
Social phenomena & social realities are created out of the actions & interpretations of people during their social interactions
Refers to the criteria researchers use to identify & select participants to be part of their study
Will be informed by objectives & theoretical base
All interviews need to be recorded : (onto digital device)
Consent is required from participants (part of ethical approval)
Compiling the data :
Audio / DVD recordings
Detailed reading :
To gain an impression of their content as a whole.
Begin to generate ideas, categories, themes that interpret the phenomenon being studied
Data is 'coded'
Researcher will identify sections of transcript (or other data) as being examples of things represented by code names
Constructing thematic analysis
using codes to lay out the sequence in which topic will be considered