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Transcript of Feminism
The Seneca Falls Convention
Women were treated as second-class citizens.
Marriage restricted many of women's rights—husband was their "master" and they must become to all of his intents.
Laws gave men the power to deprive their wives of their liberty.
Many women began to see the inequality of society, and the women's rights movement was born.
In 1869, the National Woman Suffrage Association was formed.
They fought for a universal suffrage amendment to the federal constitution.
Within ten years, Elizabeth Cady Stanton drafted a federal suffrage amendment. This document was introduced in every congress until the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment forty years later.
"For centuries, women were not allowed to study at universities. This meant many careers and professions were closed to them" (Ross, 18).
In 1880, 2.6 million women were employed in the United States; by 1910, the number rose to 7.8 million.
These numbers would rise in years to come due to WWI and WWII.
Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado pass legislation granting women the right to vote in state elections.
World War I had a major influence on women gaining voting rights.
The Nineteenth Amendment was passed in 1920, and gave American women the right to vote.
"Although women has the right to vote, they were by and large disorganized and disinterested" (Gourley, 119)
Timeline Of Events
Although the fight for women's equality was prevalent in American society at this time, the media was continuing to publish demeaning content, especially advertisements.
Sociology and Feminism
Believe that the basic social institutions of society need to be made more welcoming to women and more accessible to women's influence.
Believe that women's unpaid and undervalued domestic work has made it possible for industrial owner to pay lower wages, increasing the power of the capitalist class. They also believe that the continuation of lower-paid jobs for women has contributed to the domination of the capitalism in society.
They believe that society is a patriarchy, in which men dominate most institutions and use this position to oppress women. They believe that the patriarchy is so entrenched in current social institutions that these institutions cannot be reformed to allow women equal standing with men and access to the same opportunities that men enjoy.
Feminism is the belief in the social, economic, and political equality of the sexes.
Theorists focus on sex and gender issues with the belief that women have traditionally been disadvantaged in society.
Many are in agreement about the idea that men have made most of the decisions in society, which tend to favour the interests of men.
Believe that much of society's value system is sexist and therefore dysfunctional.
However, many feminists disagree on the degree of this issue today and how society should go about fixing it.
Also, most social institutions are reluctant to admit that gender issues exist within them, and they resist change.
Separate issues of oppression that are the result of the patriarchy and those that are the result of capitalism, believing capitalism deprives women of rights.
The belief in the supremacy of women
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Amelia Jenks Bloomer
seen as unfair
Beyonce and Lorde
Music and Movies
"We too often bind ourselves by authorities rather than by the truth."
Published Discourse of Women in 1850
"Failure is impossible"
"Organize, agitate, educate, must be our war cry"
- Susan B. Anthony
President of American Woman Suffrage Association
"The same power that brought the slave out of bondage will, in his own good time and way, bring about the emancipation of women, and make her the equal in power and domination that she was in the beginning"
Advocated for change in women's fashion
"Woman must not accept; they must challenge. She must not be awed by that which has been built up around her; she must reverence that woman in which struggles for expression."
"We need to remember across generations that there is as much to learn as there is to teach."
Inspirational speaker who embodied the cause of the working woman
lots of hate
Do you know any present day feminists? Celebrities?
"All men and women are created equal"
Organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Drafted a Declaration of Sentiments, which was based on the Declaration of Independence.
Declaration brought to light women's issues that existed in the 1800s.
Convention sparked many negative reactions from Americans at the time, including both men and women.
After the convention, many newspapers began publishing sexist articles opposing the Convention.
Why do you think this right was granted in the West before it was in the East?
Early Voting Rights
"The best protection any woman can have...is courage"
Driving force behind 1848 Seneca Falls Convention
Should women's right to vote been granted earlier, later, or at the same time as it did?
Employment and Education
Campaign for Suffrage
Subordinate Position of Women in Society
1940 & 50
Sexism in American Media
Joined Stanton in 1848 Seneca Falls Convention
"Bloomers" are named after her
Woman's Trade Union League
"Amelia Jenks Bloomer."
Bio.com. A&E Networks
Television, n.d. Web. 10 June 2014.
"Elizabeth Cady Stanton." Britannica School.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 22 May. 2014.
""Freedom Feminist." AEI. N.p., 12 June 2013. Web. 6 June 2014.
"Gloria Steinem Quotes."
BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 9 June 2014.
Gourley, Catherine. Flappers and the new American woman: perceptions of women from 1918 through the 1920s. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books, 2008. Print.
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 9 June 2014.
"Lucretia Mott." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 5 Apr. 2014.
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 10 June 2014.
"Margaret Sanger Quotes."
BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 8 June 2014.
Ross, Mandy. The changing role of women. Chicago: Heinemann Library, 2002. Print.
"Sociology." Transitions in Society: The Challenge of Change. Toronto: Oxford UP, 2002. 33-34. Print.
"Susan B. Anthony."
Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 10 June 2014.
"The Fight for Women's Suffrage." History.com. A&E Networks, 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2014.
"The Seneca Falls Convention (Reason): American Treasures of the Library of Congress." Editorial. Oneida Whig 1 Aug. 1848: n. pag. American Treasures of the Library of Congress. Library of Congress. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
"The Suffrage Movement: The Suffrage Movement and Its Leaders." National Women's History Museum. National Women's History Museum, 2007. Web. 15 June 2014.
"Women's Suffrage in the Progressive Era." Library of Congress. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 28 Apr. 2014.
Result of women's rights groups' efforts.
Intersectionality in feminism
Ignorant of religion
1610 France, "querelle des femmes"
18th century = Age of Enlightenment
American Revolution (1774) and French Revolution (1789)
Mary Wollstonecraft = "Vindication of the Rights of Women"
Origin of Feminism