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Criminology in the Future

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Rene Duenas

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Criminology in the Future

Innovative computer technologies (AFIS) - Automated fingerprint identification system allows investigators to match a suspect’s fingerprints against stored records in a matter of minutes (instead of weeks or months (Frank Schmalleger, 2012).
As technology advances, it facilitates new forms of behavior, so we can be certain that tomorrow’s crimes will differ from those of today. (Frank Schmalleger, 2012).
Advantages of Evolving Technologies
Data encryption - The process of encoding information so that it is unreadable to all but its intended recipients.

National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime (NCAVC) -attempts to profile serial killers by matching clues left at a crime scene with individual personality characteristics.
Protects Human Life (Surveillance) & Aids Criminal Justice Professionals (Two Way Radios, Mobil Terminal Devices)
Advantages of Evolving Technologies
What are Civil Liberties

What is speech? ..... Phone lines
What are papers? …..E- mail
Do electronic communications qualify for protection under the First Amendment?”
???? Class Ideas ????

The First and Fourth Amendments of the Constitution guarantee each of us freedom of speech and security in our “persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures,” (Frank Schmalleger, 2012).
Unalienable Civil Liberties
Disadvantages of Evolving Technologies
Cybercrime – refers to any crime that involves the use of computers or the manipulation of digital data as well as any violation of a federal or state cybercrime statute (Frank Schmalleger, 2012).
The cyber threat is one of the most serious economic and national security challenges we face as a nation. . . President Barack Obama (Frank Schmalleger, 2012).
Possible civil liberty or ethical violations and evolving technologies
Criminology in the Future
Team A
Darvin, Jorey, Rene, Rito
CJA/314
May 16, 2014
Professor Robin Meyst

Trojan horses, Viruses, Hacking, illegal eavesdropping, Electronic fund-transfer fraud, Extortion threats/electronic terrorism, Theft of trade secrets and proprietary information, Identity theft and surveillance.
Violations of Civil Liberties or Cybercrimes
“Advantages and Disadvantages”
Video !
http://digital.films.com/play/VUC4L3
First Amendment guarantees freedom of:
Expression, press, religion, speech, thought, life, liberty, property and privacy.

What kind of technologies has the potential to violate our civil rights?
Surveillance, face recognition, and so forth can violate our civil liberties.
Guess what Amendments guarantee are civil liberties…?????
!!! Class participation !!!
Disadvantages of Evolving Technologies
U. S. Patriot Act
“Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism”) act was designed to fight terrorism. Enacted by George W. Bush in 2001 -2011 Four year extension by President Obama

Surveillance
1. Longer jail terms for certain suspects arrested without a warrant
2. Broadened “sneak and peak” search authority (searches conducted without notice)
3. Enhanced power of authorities to tap phones (including wireless devices)
4. Track Internet usage
5. Crack down on money laundering, Business Records
6. Protect the country’s borders.

!!!Class participation!!!
What civil liberty's could be violated with the Patriot Act?

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) pledged to work with the president and law enforcement agencies across the country “to ensure that civil liberties in America are not eroded.” (Frank Schmalleger, 2012).

The Homeland Security Act of 2002, enacted to protect
America against terrorism

DHS coordinates by departmental divisions:

1. Border and Transportation Security (BTS).
2. Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR).
3. Science and Technology (S&T).
4. Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection (IAIP).
5. Management.

References
American Civil Liberties (ACLU). Reform the Patriot Act. Retrieved from
https://www.aclu.org/reform-patriot-act.

Civil Law. 6 Facts You Don’t Know About Civil Liberties. Retrieved from
http://civil.laws.com/civil-liberties

Frank Schmalleger. (2012). CRIME IN THE MODERN WORLD. Retrieved from Frank Schmalleger, CJA314 website.

University of Phoenix. (2004). Advantages and Disadvantages of Surveillance [Multimedia].
Full transcript