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The Aztecs

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on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of The Aztecs

The Aztecs
By Isaac Martin

Who were the Aztecs?
The Aztecs were Mesoamerican people who lived in what is now Mexico City
They established a broad empire that lasted roughly 200 years
Based on tributes (people sacrificed as a cost of war) and military conquests.

This is a pyramid found in the Aztec capital city, Tenochtitlan
How did they come to be?
The Aztec empire was founded when the founding of the city of Tenochtitlan (modern day Mexico) in 1330

The city was the most advanced of its time when it was at its peak --This was because of their water irrigation system, roads, and bridges that connected their capital city.
What was it like to live in the Aztec Empire
Class structure was very important in the Aztecs.
Class structure is when society was organized where the rich were usually rulers, nobility, officers, or priests and the poor were commoners, peasants or the slaves.
This meant the rich and the poor lived totally separate and completely different lives.
What was it like to live in the Aztec Empire? (Continued)
This is the class triangle, showing who was best ranked in the Aztecs and who was the lowest ranked
What was clothing like?
The basic garment for a male was maxtlatl.
The maxtlatl would often be worn under a cloak or cape called tilmahtli
Looks as if the pyramid is done. The city is now
complete. (Let it be known-- this is humor to add
some giggles, not actual fact. Bob the builder was
not present in the beginning nor end of the Aztec Empire.)
Where was the Aztec Empire
This is the Aztec influence.
What language did the Aztecs speak/write?
The Aztecs spoke Nahuatl a language that grew in influence because the Aztecs spoke it
The Nahatl is an agglutinative language, which means that words and phrases are put together by combining prefixes(a word, letter, or number placed before another) , suffixes (a morpheme added at the end of a word to form a derivative-- something based off another source), and root words (the base of a word), in order to form an idea (omg that was tought to get through huh? look at all dem definitions!)
My name o_o
What was clothing like? (Continued)
Females wore skirts
They wore a woven top decorated with beads.
OMG! Did you know?
Dude, OMG did you know that boys wore nothing until they were four. When they turned four they wore nothing but a cape! It was not until age 13 that they got a loin cloth!? SNAP?!? #awkward
http://www.history.com/videos/the-aztecs#ask-history-what-happened-to-the-aztecs
How did the Aztecs fall?
Although the Aztecs were an epic civilization, they fell. They fell two years after attempts to siege the empire by Hernan Cortes. Cortes succeeded and you will get the full summary in this video.
What was the Aztec religion?
The religion of the Aztecs was The Aztec Religion (Plain and simple).
The Aztecs had a big part of their religion, that was human sacrifice. They just found as many people as possible to sacrifice, as long as it wasn't themselves.
They sacrificed war captives mainly, for they had a lot of enemies.
What was Aztec art like?
Aztec art developed over many years.
They had art showing much emotion and made a lot of different types of art.
Art such as statues made of stone, as well as Aztec masks, pottery, shields, knives, carved pillars and painted walls.
Art could be made with gold, silver, copper, jewels, feathers, coral, clay and stone.
And sometimes as war trophies they made art out of human skin!
More Aztec art
Food (My favorite topic)
Maize (corn)

Aztecs were the leading Maize growing civilization
It made tortillas, tamales, and even drinks.
The Aztecs domesticated maize really well (Domestication- is the process whereby a population of living organisms is changed at the genetic level, through generations of selective breeding, to accentuate traits that ultimately benefit humans).
So what they basically did was they used the biggest, best maize to plant so that next harvest, the maize would be larger than before.
It was so important to them that it was a part of their mythology.
Beans/Squash

Beans and Squash were also a big part of the Aztecs
They grew many fields of it.
They also grew these beans that were especially delicious and usually the lower class could only eat these on special occasions.
Fish and Wild Game

Fish and Wild Game (Wild game is an animal-- not domesticated--that are hunted and killed for food).
Game is a common meal for high classes and sold in the market a lot.
Fish are also a common meal for high classes.
The poor ate these meats but not as often as nobles or officers of the army.
Aztec fish symbol
Sources
http://www.aztec-history.com/
http://www.history.com/topics/aztecs
http://aztec.com/index.html
http://aztecs.mrdonn.org/
http://mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/
Thanks for watching
Full transcript