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Rococo Art Period
Transcript of Rococo Art Period
By: Sarah Austin &
The Great Northern War (1700-1721) Sweden and Russia
Spanish Succession War (1712)
Anglo Spanish War (1727-1729)
British Capture Quebec from
Boston Tea Party (1773)
U.S. Independence (1776)
French Revolution (1789-1799)
Culture and Lifestyle
Royalty and nobility continued to be patrons of the arts
A new wealthy and influential middle-class began to rise
The society women competed for the best and most elaborate decorations for their houses
Every thing was traded over seas.
The first shipment of coffee from java reached Amsterdam
Greatly increased textile and agriculture
Inventions of large machinery
Start of the Railways
Materials In Rococo Art
~Rococo Art succeeded Baroque Art in Europe. It was most popular in France, and generally associated with the reign of King Louis XV. It is a light, elaborate and decorative style.
~The style originated in Italy, flourished in France in the 1730's, England in the 1740's, and in American the 1750's.
Framed furniture in Gilded Bronze
Mahogany used for interior decor
Oil based paint
Used delicate styles
Decorated their art with myths of love
Showed an impurity in their subjects trend of departure from the church
Art reflected the controversy of drawing/color
The Game of Love
Rococo originated in Italy, but was best know in France. Eventually this style moved to Germany as well as America in the late 18th century.
Artists of the Rococo Era
First great artist of the Rococo era.
Born in Valenciennes, France
Started in the studio of Caude Gillot (theatrical scenery)
Invented fete galante- large scene outdoor paintings
- Antoine Watteau
Born in Smithfield London
Worked at a silver workshop and became a great engraver
Painted about London's problems with crime, prostitution, and gambling
Most famous work was Marriage al la mode
Born in Sudbury, England
Father was a weaver, and he was influenced by Hogarth.
Known for portraits and landscapes
Portraits of King George III
The Blue Boy
Born in Grasse, France
Apprenticed to Jean-Baptiste-Simeon
Painted mythology, landscapes, and portraits focused on beauty and pleasure
Know for erotic paintings
The Happy Lovers
In this era, the orchestra was beginning to grow
Johann Bach (who later influenced Mozart)
Important early composer for opera buffa (Comic Opera)
One of his compositions started "the quarrel of the comic actors"
This quarrel divided Paris's musical community for two years.
Could play demanding pieces and sight read by the time he was seven.
Began his career 1733 and ending in 1788, the year he died.
did not define an era so much as reveal a deeply personal response to the musical conventions of his time.
Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.
His music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom
Began learning the organ at the age of 10 years old
The Benedictine Abbey
Founded in 764
During the Thirty Years War (1630-1635) the abbey was destroyed.
From 1711 to 1766, Abbot Rupert II, began building the Swabian Escorial.
The Holy Trinity Organ
Hotel de Soubise
Built in 1380 by Olivier de Clisson
In 1700 Germain Boffrand, the head architect and designer, began on renovations that would take 50 years.
During the French Revolution, after the owners were murdered, the building was used to hold gunpowder
In 1808, Napoleon I declared the building property of the state to be used for storing records, and it has remained so ever since.
Named after Catherine I, the wife of Peter the Great, who ruled Russia for two years after her husband's death.
Their daughter, Empress Elizabeth, instructed to completely redesign the building on a scale to rival Versailles.
Completed in 1756
~The term rococo comes from a combination of the French words for stone (rocaille) and shell (coquilles), two important elements of rococo decoration.
~An emphasis was placed on individual extravagance and carefree life
The Rococo period was one of the first known forms of interior design.
Furniture was often custom made to complement the interior embellishment
Furniture would mimic the architecture
Developed Boudoir rooms
Furniture became lighter, smaller and more curvacious
Chest and tables made their first appearance
Started to care more for comfort
Interior Design in Rococo Period
Focused on love, and close up encounters
Known for small sculptures and busts
Used marble, and porcelain
Resembled much of Baroque style
Very decorative with many curves throughout
Rococo Art Period
Studied under Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne
Endured poverty and sickness in early life
Received academie royal in 1744
Most famous sculptor of his time
Etienne Maurice Falconet
Apprenticed to a carpenter
Known for his porcelain sculptures
Influenced by ballet
Focused on love and worked in Paris
Morals and Religion
Slavery abolished in Russia
Great Awakening in Europe
Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli
Italian architect that worked in Russia
Philip de Lange
Constructed 24 two-story homes
Build everything ranging from Military buildings to parks