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vertigo and motion sickness

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by

m solak

on 8 December 2013

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Transcript of vertigo and motion sickness

Vertigo and Motion Sickness
Vertigo
Vertigo is a feeling that one or their surroundings are moving when there is no actual movement. One may feel as though you are spinning, whirling, falling, or tilting.
Types of Vertigo
Peripheral vertigo: is caused by a problem with the inner ear or the vestibular nerve
Central vertigo: Caused by a problem in the brain, usually in the brainstem or the cerebellum.
Some causes of Peripheral Vertigo
Injury
Inflammation/pressure on the vestibuler nerve
Certain medications
Labyrinthitis
Menier's diseas
Some causes of Central Vertigo
Certain medications
Migraine
Multiple sclerosis
Seizures
Stroke
Tumors
Blood vessel disease
Earthquakes
Vertigo occurs when there is a conflict between the signals that are sent to the brain from the inner ear and nerves which determines ones balance and position.
Symptoms of Vertigo
Feeling that you are spinning or everything around you is moving.
Loss of balance Nausea Vomiting
Light headed Having issues with walking or talking
Double vision Earache Hearing loss
Eye movement problems Difficulty swallowing
Testing/ Treatment
Blood tests
Head CT
MRI of the head
Dix-Hallpike's maneuver (also called Nylen-Barany test)
Lumbar puncture
Antibiotics (if labyrinthitis)
Lie or sit down
Increased fluids
Medicashions
- anticholinergics, antihistamins
What is Motion Sickness
The good news is that symptoms usually pass within four to five hours after the motion had stopped.
Motion sickness is usually inherited
Symptoms of Motion Sickness
Usually begins in childhood.
Nausea Cold sweats Dizziness
Malaise (general sense of not feeling well)
Headache
Can strike suddenly and quickly progress from feeling...
Vomiting
To...
& Finally...
Motion sickness occurs when the brain receives signals about movement from the inner ears, eyes, muscles and joints. When these signals don’t match, people can experience motion sickness.
Motion Sickness Treatment/ prevention
Anti-nausea medication (Dramamine®)
Using acupressure bands, such as Sea-Bands®.
Focus on the horizon or on a distant, stationary object.
Do not read
Keep your head still, while resting against a seat back.
Don't smoke or sit near smokers.
Avoid spicy, greasy foods, and alcohol.
Motion Sickness Treatment/Prevention
Planning ahead when traveling (reserve seats where motion is felt least)
Ginger tablets/capsules
Eat a light meal or snack before traveling
Dix-Hallpike's maneuver
Head CT
MRI of the head
Lumbar puncture
Full transcript