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Lighting Design

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by

Melissa Vaughan-Kleppel

on 25 October 2016

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Transcript of Lighting Design

Lighting
and
Sound
Design

Light Plot
Functions of Lighting Design
Provides the appropriate visibility
Sculpts dimensionally
Reinforces and creates stage compositions
Enhances mood and athmosphere
Supports style and production concept
Reinforces action
Controllable Qualities of Light
Intensity
Distribution
Color
Movement
Intensity
The number of lamps used and their wattage
The use of dimmers
The distance of focus
The presence or absence of color filters
Depends on:
Distribution
Refers to:
The placement of the light source
The area that it illuminates
The use of backlighting, crosslighting, downlighting, and uplighting to show dimension
The control of where light is and is not
Color
Subtractive color mixing: using filters to control color through selective transmission
Additive color mixing: mixing different colored light together to produce achromatic white light
Movement
This refers to any perceptible alterations any of the controllable qualities
This also refers to when lighting instruments are physically manipulated, either by an operator or automated
The Skills of a Lighting Designer
Visual Artist
Electrical or Optical Engineer
Computer Progammer
Electrican
Stage Director
Working Procedures:
Value Sketch
Lighting Score:
A chart that breaks the play into units and indicates the time of day, source of light overall brightness, the desired mood, colr, and any other lighting factors that will affect the action
Computer Rendering
Indicates the type, size, and position of each instrument and the area it will light
Instruement Schedule
Specifications (type, wattage, lens, reflector, lamp)
Mounting Position
Color Filter
Area of Focus
Circuit into which it is plugged
Dimmer into which it is patched
Setting the Lights, Rehearsal, Performance
Light Plot
Mounted and Focused
Write Cues
Create Cue Sheet
Three Principal Types of
Stage Lighting
Area Light/Specific Illumination
Confined to relatively small and very specific portion of the stage
Used principally for illuminating acting areas which demand the greatest emphasis and usually require variety in intensity, color, or distribution.
Spotlights
General Illumination
This type of lighting is spread over a larger area
It serves three functions:
To light background elements
To blend acting areas
To enhance or modify the color of sets or costumes
Special Effects/Specials
Out of the ordinary demands
Lights that only serve one purpose
Gobos and Gels
Functions of Sound Design
Evoke mood and atmosphere: Music and evironmental sounds can create mood and atmosphere
Reinforce Action: Suggeting offstage events
Reinforce the performer's voice: to make a voice more audible, or to create a special effect
Support the production's style or comment on the action: What are some examples?
Three Categories of Sound Design
Verbal: The actor's voice
Non-verbal: Music and abstract sound
Realistic: Identifiable
The Sound Designer's
Working Methods and Resourses
Reads script
Develop sound score
Shows function for each sound cue
When the cue should be heard
The cue's duration
The origin of the sound
The intended treatment of the sound
Collects sound to meet needs
Create sound plot
Creates show master
Creates cue sheets
Adjusts cues in rehearsals
Full transcript