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A critical Survey of the different normative ethical theorie
Transcript of A critical Survey of the different normative ethical theorie
The Norms of Morality According to the Scholastic Philosophy and Traditional Ethics.
Norms of Morality
Ethics is not only concerned with the study of what is right or wrong in our human conduct. It also investigates how man ought to behave in a very concrete situation
R. Gula definition of Morality
Criteria of judgment about the sort of persons we ought to be and the sort of actions we ought to perform.
Rules, among others
Inner Peace or Remorse
Considers bad acts as good and good acts as bad.
Invincible/Inculpable – agent is without fault or knowledge
Vincible/culpable – agent’s fault
Subjective certainty of the legality of particular actions to be done or to be omitted.
Person is not certain about a moral judgment.
Sees wrong where there is none.
Fails to see wrong where there is wrong.
Speaker: Mark Deson S. Cuñado
Remote norm of morality
It reflects what the thing is accordance with its nature
Ultimate norm of morality
St. Thomas Aquinas
"The divine wisdom directing all actions and movements"
"The divine reason or will of God commanding the natural order of things be preserved and forbidding that it be disturbed."
for Scholastic Philosophers
Eternal law is the only one criterion in evaluating the human act
Quality of a thing manifesting its conformity or non-conformity with its norms or criteria.
norms are called "Dictates of reason"
Proximate norm of morality.
Judgment before an action is done
Judgment after an act is done.
Knowledge and sense of responsibility
Judges things truly as they are.
Not to steal because it is wrong
Talking back atrociously to the parents.
Witnessing a crime of a popular person
Doing bad things for the goodness of others
A knife is for cutting things into pieces.
The 3 norms of morality must be able to guide our business decision making process.
Common sense directs that the dictates of reason should be enough to guide our evaluation of our actions.