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Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder and child abuse.
by

Erin Diskin

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder typically begins at a young age.
"As many as 98% to 99% of individuals who develop dissociative disorders have recognized personal histories of recurring, overpowering, and often life-threatening disturbances at a sensitive developmental stage of childhood (usually before age 9)" (WebMD).
Interested in how child abuse affects DID
Child abuse is an awful reality that affects many children. Introduction Sybil Movie based off of her story
later in life became an artist and an art professor
Moved near Dr. Wilbur
Diagnosed with breast cancer around the same time Dr. Wilbur was diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease. She moved in with Dr. Wilbur until Wilbur passed away in 1992.
In 1998, she passed away at age 75 from breast cancer. Shirley Ardell Mason Psychiatrist Children With D.I.D Child abuse Incredibility Troubles as a female "It takes two to speak truth-one to speak and another to hear" Sybil Dorsett
Abused as a child
Due to the abuse, she locked pieces of herself in her different personalities. She had 16 total, two of which were male. The main three displayed in the film are:
Victoria- 13 years old, speaks french, strong, sophisticated, mature, and holds information about other personalities
Peggy- 9 years old, holds artistic abilities
Vanessa- 12 years old, Music ability 1,537 children in the United States died because of abuse or neglect in 2010.
Of the number:
79.4% were younger than four years of age
47.7% were younger than one year in age Works Cited "Child Abuse: Statistics & Facts." Safe Horizon. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.safehorizon.org/index/what-we-do-2/child-abuse--incest-55/child-abuse-statistics--facts-304.html>.
Chu, James A., Lisa M. Frey, Barbara L. Ganzel, Julia A. Matthews; Memories of Childhood Abuse:
Dissociation, Amnesia, and Corroboration. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1999 May;156(5):749-755.
"Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder): Signs, Symptoms, Treatment." WebMD.
WebMD, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. <http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/dissociative-identity-disorder-multiple-personality-disorder?page=3>.
Haugaard, Jeffrey J. "Recognizing and Treating Uncommon Behavioral and Emotional Disorders in
Children and Adolescents Who Have Been Severely Maltreated: Dissociative Disorders." Child Maltreatment 9.2 (2004): 146-53. Print.
Lewis, Dorothy O., Catherine A. Yeager, Yael Swica, Jonathan H. Pincus, and Melvin Lewis. "Objective
Documentation of Child Abuse and Dissociation in 12 Murderers With Dissociative Identity Disorder." The American Journal of Psychiatry 154.12 (1997): 1703-710. Print.
Kantrowitz, Mark Miller,Barbara. "Unmasking Sybil." The Daily Beast. Newsweek/Daily Beast, 24 Jan. 1999.
Web. 27 Apr. 2013. <http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/1999/01/24/unmasking-sybil.html>.
Kluft, Richard P. Childhood Antecedents of Multiple Personality. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric,
1985. Print.
"Sybil." YouTube. YouTube, 23 Apr. 2011. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Van Arsdale, Sarah. "Ace Weekly." Ace Weekly. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
<http://www.aceweekly.com/Backissues_ACEWeekly/010802/cover_story010802.html>. Objective Documentation of Child Abuse and Dissociation in 12
Murderers With Dissociative Identity Disorder Abstract:
- Objective: Verification that child abuse and dissociation were present in a series of adult murderers.
-Method: Study done on 11 men and one woman diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder who had committed murder. Data was collected and handwriting samples were examined.
-Results: Signs and symptoms of dissociative identity disorder in childhood and adulthood were corroborated independently and from several sources in all 12 cases.
-Conclusion: Proves the linkage between early severe abuse and dissociative identity disorder Method Results - Eight of the 12 subjects had trances and amnesia, nine had experienced auditory hallucinations, and 10 had vivid and long-standing imaginary companions who seemed to be precursors of their alternate personality states.
- All 12 subjects, as adults, had impaired memory for both violent and nonviolent behaviors.
- Subject 4 was deliberately set on fire by his parents. Subject 6 was used in child pornography by stepfathers. At 3 years of age, subject 2 had his penis scalded and "circumcised" by his father.
-In their usual personality states, most subjects denied or minimized childhood maltreatment. Four of them, for whom documentation of extraordinary abuse was discovered, totally denied any physical or sexual abuse. Handwriting Samples Child Maltreatment One key attribute in DID is when their sense of self, perceptions, cognition, emotions, & behavior are not connected
DID becomes a problem for children when they use it in their everyday problems and then they succumb to memory lapses.
But there's a problem in differentiating DID from Normal Dissociation
Children use dissociation to "escape."
Children who dissociate have a hard time developing. Signs for DID in Children Withdrawal
Interpersonal Relationships
Amnesia
Major Fluctuations in Behavior Holly, Age 22 The Anora System... Psychiatric evaluation Questioning about behavior Handwriting samples Interviews About Misconceptions Intitiation Little Ara Hijacks Holly's Video :) Memories Of Child Abuse: Dissociation, Amnesia, and Corroboration Abstract:

This study investigated the relationship between self-reported child abuse and dissociative symptoms and amnesia
Consisted of 90 female patients Memories of child abuse: Dissociation, Amnesia, and Corroboration
-Investigate the relationship between self-reported childhood abuse and dissociative symptoms and amnesia


-90 female participants Methods -Participants were between the ages 18-60 and were in a psychiatric teaching hospital

-Were asked to self-report Dissociative experiences with a 28 item questionnaire and a Life experiences questionnaire as well

-Each participant went through a structured interview that asked if any amnesia was experienced concerning the trauma Results - the majority of participants reported a high level of childhood abuse experiences

-83% reported physical abuse, 82% reported sexual abuse, and 71% reported witnessing violence

- Participants that reported any type of child abuse demonstrated higher levels of dissociative symptoms then of those participants who reported no abuse

-Higher dissociative symptoms were correlated with early age onset of physical and sexual abuse and more frequent sexual abuse Conclusion - Childhood abuse experiences were related to higher levels of dissociation

-Early age onset was correlated with higher dissociative symptoms and greater levels of amnesia for physical and sexual abuse

- More frequent sexual abuse was correlated with higher levels of dissociation

- independent corroboration of recovered memories of abuse is often present. Meeting Holly Intro
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