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Ancient Rome

A prezi about Ancient Rome

guila abad

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome Location and Geography This civilization lasted from 500 B.C.E. to 500 C.E.
The roman empire was in Rome, which was in Italy.
The Romans conquered Europe, Northern Africa,and
Asia. ( At first, Rome was just a part of all the other Latin countries that lived on the banks of the Tiber river. (Which by the way was 252 miles long!!) Then, they realized that the land that they had was fertile, and could be used to plant crops to feed lots of people. Rome became a civilization because of their geographical location. (Doyle, Susan 2000) The location of the Roman empire was near water, so the Romans could trade, and travel easily. Since Rome was successful in the field of trade, it soon became the center of all the Latin villages. Soon, the Latin cities became a part of Rome. The Romans were lucky, because they were right in the middle of two great civilizations. The Greeks, and the Etruscans. This is where Rome got most of their ides for great works, and writing. ( Rome-- Creation Myth When two twin boys, named Romulus and Remus were born, their evil uncle took them to the Tiber river, and left them in the river. The Romans believed that a mother wolf raised them. Then, a herdsman ( a person who cares for domestic animals) took care of them. When the two twins went back home, their dad told them to build a city where they were raised. So, they did. Then Romlus killed Remus, and named the city after himself. ( What geographical aspects of Rome helped protect them from enemies? Rome was near Greece, and the Etruscans. This is where the Romans got most of their ideas from. Ancient Rome was also near the Mediterranean Sea. This provided them with easy access to nearby trading partners. Some of ancient Rome was on some hills. This meant that invaders could not see what they were attacking. The tops of the hills provided a lookout point for the Romans. Since Rome's climate was warm, with some rainfall, their soil was ideal for farming. ("Ancient Worlds"-- Arnold Toutant & Susan Doyle) The water in the Mediterranean Sea was safe to drink. Rome also had a lot of natural resources. This means that they had a lot of things to trade with their trading partners. The ancient Romans learned from the ancient Greeks through trading with them, and building from their culture ( The mountains protected Eastern Rome, while the alps protected northern Rome. If invaders try to attack Rome fromt the North, they'll hit mountains, because the ancient Romans did most of their farming on the more level soil, which was in the south ( "Ancient Worlds"-- Arnold Toutant & Susan Doyle Climate Ancient Rome had a Mediterranean climate. This meant that it's overall climate was made much warmer by a body of water nearby. Rome's climate was warm, with a little of rain. Their average temperature during the day was 20 °C. During the night it was 10 °C. The rain created fertile soil, which was perfect for farming. During the summer Rome's highest temperature was 30°C while the lowest was 22°C. The winter temperatures were 7°C to 10°C. The Romans adapted to this by having light clothing in the summertime, and heavy clothing in the wintertime. ( During the winter months, the women would wear two dresses, but during the summer they would switch to a much lighter dress. ( Most of the Romans wore clothing that was white so that they would reflect the sun instead of absorbing it. The farmers adapted to ancient Rome's climate by growing grapes and olives (Grow better in hot weather) in warm places, and by growing apples, and turnips (Grow better in cool weather) in the places with cooler weather ( Free choice What are public baths? And what was their purpose? Public baths were large outdoor pool like baths that were used to relax. Everyone was welcome to use the public baths. Before swimming in the pool, you would warm up, by doing some exercises. Then, you would swim, and relax. After that, you would go in to a heated room (like a sauna) to talk to your friends, and relax. At this time, some people like to get massages with sweet-scented oils. After the massage , the massage therapist would scrape off sweat, dirt and oil from your skin with a metal instrument called a strigil. Since being in a heated room does make you sweat, the final step is to bathe in a cool pool. The water in a Roman bath came from natural springs. ( left picture) ( Rome had over 170 public baths.(Doyle, Susan 2000) Even the poorest, and smallest cities in Rome had public baths. Social structure in Rome Citizens Non-Citizens Patricians The Patricians were the wealthy
nobles of ancient Rome. The Patricians
were mostly people who were related to
Rome's early tribal chiefs.
(Doyle, Susan 2000) Plebeians Plebeians were the people in Rome
who worked for a wage. These people
could vote, like all citizens, but they were not
very wealthy. (Doyle, Susan 2000) Slaves Slaves worked for wealthy people.
Just like all non-citizens, slaves did not have
the right to vote. ( Doyle, Susan 2000) Foreign people People that were born in other provinces could not vote either. Just like slaves, these people also couldn't be a part of the government. (Doyle, Susan 2000) Culture Basic Needs Cultural Expressions Cultural Structures Food: Even the poor in Ancient Rome had something to eat.
The poor ate bread, vegetable soup, and porridge.
Since the land in Rome was needed to farm, meat was expensive. Rich people ate bread, salads, boiled eggs, cheese, pig, goat, fish, or pigeon. They even had dessert. For dessert, the Romans had ice cream, nuts, and fruits. ( Ice cream was a luxury that only some people could afford) After dinner, the Romans ate a leaf of lettuce, because they believed that it would help them sleep (
They also had fruits such as appes, figs, grapes, pomegranates, peaches, apricots, and some lemons. In ancient Rome there was no sugar. Instead of sugar they used honey. To get foods such as cereals, and wheat the ancient Romans traded with the Northern parts of Africa. For meat the ancient Romans had pork from pigs, but beef was less popular. Some ancient romans even had grilled mouse! In Ancient Rome oil was one of the most popular foods Olives grew in soil that was to dry for wheat. The frmers harvested the oil by hitting the trees branches. Like ancient Egypt, wine was very popular. Most of the wine in ancient rome came from Africa, Greece, and Spain. but they did make some of their own. Ther were many vineyards in ancient Rome. The Romans also had vegetables such as asparagus, carrots, lettuce, onions, leeks, peas, beans, squash, and cucumbers. They flavoured their food with spices, such as anise, cumin, rosemary, parsley, and basil. In the patrician's (rich people) houses there were ovens. The slaves did all the cooking, and alll the fruits and vegetables were stored in baskets, while wine was stored in jars (Neil Grant, 2004) Fun fact: The Romans liked to eat fun foods, like a hare with a duck wing on top to look like a flying rabbit. Shelter: The plebeians of Rome (peasants) lived in houses called flats. Their homes were either on the second level of a store, or behind a store ( Most of these houses had no running water. The Romans had to collect their water from public places. Most flats were built of wood. If the flat wasn't built of wood, it would be built with sand, chalk or concrete. The rich would live in more complex house, which would be built around a central hall. The there was a peristylum. This was a room with a garden. It was kind of like a living room. All of the rooms in the house would connect to the peristylum. The walls of the house would be decorated with paitings, and wall hangings. Most homes didn't have ovens, because they were dangerous to use in the wood or chalk houses. ( Most of the Romans ate in public inns, so they didn't have to cook at home. Clothing: The people of Rome often wore pieces of wool
wrapped around them. Rich people wore sandals of leather, and when it got cold they wore boots. The women's clothing was very similar to the one in Egypt. The dress was made of linen. The only difference was that the Romans often wore more than one dress, because Rome was colder then Egypt. ( Men wore togas. The rich wore a toga with a stripe near the stomach. During special occasions, men wore a shawl-type fabric over their shoulders.
soon, togas were out of style, so men wore tunics (long t-shirts). They kept the people wearing them much more comfortable, and warm. ( Hairstyles: At first, the ancient Roman men wore their hair long. Then after a while, it became more popular to wear it short. Wealthy people could afford to wear a wig or dye their hair. After a while, growing a beard was popular, so was dyeing your hair. Wealthy women normally dyed their hair golden red, as peasant women wore their hair in buns, or in top knots. Some women let their hair down in tresses (long locks). During 70-138 BC false curled hair was very popular ( Just like we do today, the women of ancient Rome used hair pins, and curling irons. They also used gum arabic ( a paste-like substance that holds hair in place. Like gel) to support their hair. Blonde wigs were made by using the hair of the captured foreigners. (Germans and celts) ( Jewellery in ancient Rome was made of pearls, emeralds,turquois garnets carnelian chalcedony feldspar and amethyst. Roman men normally only wore on ring, because it was a sign of manners. The rich wore rings made of gold, while the plebeians wore rings of iron. Since most of Roman clothing was pinned, and not sewed, the pins to pin the clothing together was decorated with precious stones, and emralds (ww.histroy/
Ancient Roman jewellery was kind of like ancient Egyptian, and ancient Greek jewelry. They often used the Herakles knot, which came from Greece. It was believed to destroy all evil spirits around the person wearing it. The most commonly used gem in ancient Rome was definitely amber (* Water: The Romans had aqueducts to carry water to and from towns. The aqueducts were like bridges built on arches. They were sloped downhill because the water could only go downhill (
The first aqueduct was built in 312 B.C.E.
They were first built with a concrete channel on top to carry the water in. The water would flow downhill in to a basin. Then, from the basin it would go in to a canal. After the canal it would travel in terra-cotta pipes to the people's homes, and the towns. ( Some aqueducts were built with brick, stone or even pozzuolana (volcanic cement.) In ancient Rome, 11 aqueducts provided the Romans with all the water they needed, from bath water to drinking water. Almost 200 cities in the Roman empire used aqueducts to get water. 11 aqueducts was enough to give all the 1,000,000 people in Rome 1 cubic meter of wate. That's even more than what some countries get today! ( Transportation: The ancient Romans usually walked to places they needed to get to. If the place was far, they would go horseback, or ride on a cart pulled by an oxen.
The oxens would walk on land made of chalk, and clay that the Roman soldiers built. They had ditches on both sides, so that the water that came from rain wouldn't stay on the roads that the people walked on. ( The ancient Romans built bridges over the Tiber river, so people could go across them to work the aqueducts. Then ancient Roman roads are so famous, that some of them still exist underneath Italy's roads. Although it was easy to travel by road, the ancient Romans traveled by sea more. This was because the roads of ancient Rome were almost always filled with bandits. Sometimes, the rich travelled on a chair, that slaves carried on their shoulders. Wealthy women sometimes travelled on large car-like vehicles that were covered with fabric, and were pulled by a horse or an oxen ( This is a map of Italy, it shows where Rome was. It also shows Greece, which is where Rome got some of their ideas from. This is another map of rome. The dark orange parts are all the places that the Roman civilization existed in. This map shows where the Tiber river was located. This is where the ancient Romans got their water from. It also provided them with a easy route to nearby trading partners, and a place to fish in (Ancient Worlds, Doyle, Susan 2000). This map shows the seven hills of Rome. It protected them from enemies, because the invaders could not see what they were attacking. (The mountains were in the way) (Doyle, Susan 2000) This is a map of Italy. It shows the Etruscan civilization, which is where Rome got some of their ideas from. (Doyle, Susan 2000) This is a picture of some of the fruits that
the Romans ate. This picture shows the eggs that the ancient Romans ate. This is a picture of an aqueduct. This is a diagram that shows how an aqueduct works. This picture shows the difference between a plebeian outfit and a noble's outfit. This picture shows the dress
that women in Rome usually wear. This picture shows ruins of a house in ancient Rome. This picture shows the main room in a nobles house. This is where the people would relax, or hold formal events. This is a picture of a man riding a cart that is pulled by a horse. This is a diagram that shows how
the ditches on both sides of the road work. This is what the patricians of Rome looked like. Religion: The ancient Romans were definitely nature worshipers. They worshiped the Gods of mountains, stars, flowers, plants, and the god of the sun. Just like the ancient Egyptians, the Romans thought that everything and anything that happened in their daily lives was a result of the Gods. They worshiped them daily so that their crops, and lives would continue to be good. The ancient Romans believed that everything had a spirit, even plants! Just like the Egyptians, the Romans had a God that played the most important role in their daily lives. For the Romans, this was Vesta who was the goddess of family life, and homes. All the Romans had a small statue of Vesta in their homes. The Romans believed that as long as they kept the Gods happy by doing religious sacrifices, they would continue to help them in their daily lives. The people that held religious ceremonies were the priests. There were two types of priests. There were the ones who worshiped all the Gods equally, and there were the ones who worshiped one specific God (
Most of the ancient Romans soon became christian and catholic. This happened when a christian ruler came to power. Before this time, the christians in ancient Rome had to meet in secret to avoid being punished. They met in underground temples called, catacombs. The walls of the catacombs were brightly painted, and the ashes of dead people were put in to jars that decorated the room (Fiona Chandler, 1999). Jewellery: End. How did this civilization come to an end. When did it end? In about 300 C.E. two tribes called the Goths, and the vandals attacked Rome. These two tirbes attacked Rome in attempt to steal their land because of their climate. (Which was perfect for farming.) After a while, the two tribes (There were more, but it didn't say in my sources.) finally got Rome to make a deal with them. Rome agreed that as long as the Vandals kept all of the other tribes out of Rome, they could stay. In 307 C.E. a christian ruler named, Constantine came to power. He decided that the capital of Rome was to far away from all the other places Rome had attacked, and conquered. So, he changed the capital of Rome to a city in the East of Rome. (Constantinople) This meant that the West side was now easy to attack. In 398 C.E. the leader of the Visigoths attacked the western side of Rome, leaving it with only one side. Finally in 410 C.E. he attacked the rest of Rome, and Rome fell. But that wasn't the end of the attacks. Throughout 450-476 C.E. Rome was attacked, and attacked to the point where they didn't have any territory anymore. (even in Aisa, Africa, Spain, and France) ( This is what the peasants of Rome looked like. Ancient Rome was famous for it's colosseums. These were big circle-like buildings where people watched gladiators (people who fight animals) fight. Rome's most famous colosseum seated 55,000 people! The people who fought (gladiators) were either slaves, or people captured in war. Around the colosseum there were eighty arc-shaped windows (Without the glass) ( What monument is this civilization responsible for? What evidence do we have that the ancient Romans had a religion? We know that the Romans have a religion, because
they built temples to worship their Gods ( Ancinet Roman religion is one of the best known religions in the world. Scientists also found statues of well known Gods in ancient Rome, such as Jupiter, Venus, and Roma(Doyle, Susan 2000) We also know that they had a religion because the Christians built catacombs (underground burial chambers built to worship gods.) which had painted walls, and stories about their gods. We have also found items such as little statues of gods, and goddesses in ruins of houses ( The walls of the catacombs were painted with the chi-ro symbol meaning christ in Greek. (Fiona Chandler, 1999) In ancient Rome, all men were considered to be citizens. Women were not. The males had the right to vote, and be a part of the political government while the females did not. Citizens were categorized in two sections, plebians and patricians. This is a video about ancient Rome. The Emperor Ancient Rome was a hereditary leadership. Emperors
were born in to power ( Gods before christianity Venus-- Goddess of love and beauty. Venus is the daughter of Jupiter and Dione. She is often associated with vegetable gardens( She is like an ancient Roman version of aphrodite. She also had a kid named, Aeneas ( Venus's great relatives were said to have founded Rome ).ttp:// Neptune-- God of the sea. Neptune is like the Roman version of Poseidon. He is often associated with a horse. He holds a pitchfork ( Neptune is the brother of Jupiter and Pluto. He is the son of Cronus and Rhea ( Senators and Knights Knights made sure that the emperor's demands were followed. To be a knight your wealth must exceed 400, 000 sesterces. Senators are the people in Rome that do special jobs such as organizing games and entertainment. The senate was made up of the men from the most important families in Rome. Senators wore a toga with a purple stripe. In order to be a senator, your wealth must exceed 1,00,000 sesterces (Fiona Chandler, 1999). If you were a senator, you would have a space reserved for you in the amphitheatre ancd in the colosseum Small Farmers, Craftspeople and Shopkeepers These people were also called plebians. They farmed or made crafts to trade. The plebians were sort of respected in ancient Rome, because they also served as the military ( Slaves Slaves were foreign people brought in to the country, people bought by gold and silver, or people that were too poor to make a living with the money they had. They had to do all the cooking and cleaning in the houses. If they didn't listen, they would be punished of even killed ( Jupiter--God of the gods, rain thunder and lightning. Jupiter's symbol was an eagle or a lightning bolt. He was the sun of Saturn, and had a wife name Juno. He is quite like Zeus ( Cupid--God of love. His symbol was a bow with a
quiver of arrows. He was the sun of Mars, and Venus. He is like Eros in Greek mythology ( Minerva--Goddess of wisdom, crafts, and war. Minerva was often symbolized as a owl or crow. In roman myth's Minerva is said to have sprung right out of Jupiter's head. She is a lot like Athena in Greek mythology ( Bibliography: Chandler, Fiona. "Ancient World". London:Usborne Publishing, 1999 Smith, Jane. "Rome". Brittish Columbia: Oxford Publishing. 1989 Bennet, James. "Roman Empire" Ancient civilizations. 2001. [May 25 2012] Bekk, Donn. "Roman Baths" 2006 [May 18 2012] Multiple authors. Ancient Roman Food 2004
[June 1] Doyle, Susan. "Ancient Worlds". Ontario:Oxford university. 2000 The end--Thanks for watching! :D This is a chart of Ancient Rome's climate. This is a picture of the farmlands in ancient Rome. Soon, ancient Rome became a Republic, where
the senate (group of men) plan events and rules in the cities. This is a picture of a senator meeting. This
is where they organized events. "Senate" actually
means board of old men. The senate kept track of all the money, and laws in ancient Rome ( Innovations Roman Numerals: Roman numerals are basically counting on your fingers. Number one is I, number two is II, number three is III, and number four is IV. Four may sound confusing, but the ancient Romans thought that writing IIII would be silly, so they shortened it to IV. They did this because in ancient Rome, putting a smaller numeral in front of a larger numeral (opposite of what we do today) meant subtraction. V is 5, so IV stood as 5-1, which equals four. It affects us, because our numbers are based on their numbers ( Concrete was a great innovation, because the ancient Romans used it to build their temples, theatres, aqueducts, and roads. It affected their daily lives, because they could walk on a flat surface instead of a gravel one. It affects the modern wourld, because if they didn't have concrete, our roads would not be like they are today ( Concrete:
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