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The Movement of people: 1750-1901
Transcript of The Movement of people: 1750-1901
beads to Africa.
in form of slaves
sugar, raw materials,
man power, to
produce raw materials
materials to produce
products to sell to
Why did Britain become involved in the Slave Trade in Africa:
Many European countries became involved in African enslavement, including Portugal, France and Holland. Britain's economy in the 18th century became closely linked with the trade in products connected with the slave trade.
Birmingham manufacturers began exporting guns in 1698, which were sent as a means of trade and a method of enforcing the slave trade. By 1788, Birmingham was employing between 4,000 and 5,000 people who were directly involved in the trade with Africa. On average 150,000 guns were shipped to Africa every year and it is estimated that some 20 million guns were shipped to the continent by 1907
Gun sales to West Africa, described in Fryer 1984: 417
Study sources 4 and 5. Where might the gun have been made?
How is the gun linked to West Africa?
What does the gun tell you about the relationship between Britain and West Africa?
1:How many Africans slaves
were removed to be
transported to the Americans?
2:What percentage of these
3:Percentage of total slaves
4:Name three raw materials
grown by slaves?
5:How would Europeans
purchase African slaves?
6:How many square ft.
of space did an African
slave have on board a
7:What is the average life
expectancy for a Brazilian slave?
8:How does John define slavery?
The stench of the hold while we were on the coast was so intolerably loathsome, that it was dangerous to remain there for any time, and some of us had been permitted to stay on the deck for fresh air, but now that the whole ship's cargo were confined together, it became absolutely pestilential. The closeness of the place, which was so crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself, almost suffocated us
Equiano 1789: 63
Write a short story with you as a young African slave. starting with being captured by African slave traders, then sold to European traders and the voyage towards Americas.
* Remember to write about
the conditions on board.
How and Why were people Enslaved in Africa?
Children and even sometimes adults were bartered for grain in time of famine to save the rest of the group. Strangers would also voluntarily place themselves in positions of dependence when forced to leave their own people because of quarrels, threats, hunger, kope of a better life, or because they had committed some crime . . . Compensation for murder and other crimes was commonly paid in people.
Miers and Kopytoff 1977: 12-13
In Arab North America, slaves were employed in domestic services, agriculture, artisan industries and mineral extraction. In the following centuries the use of slaves as soldiers and in agriculture among the nomadic pastoralists of the Sahara were important new developments.
Alexandar 2001: 46
In what ways could people become enslaved according to source 1?
What jobs may a slave have to do in Africa?