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Terracotta Warriors

ANP 264 Final Presentation Spring 2014

Nikki Brabaw

on 27 April 2014

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Transcript of Terracotta Warriors

Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Ruled from 246 BCE
until his death in 210 BCE
First Emperor of the Kingdom of Qin
At the beginning of his 36 year reign, Emperor Qin started the construction of
his Terracotta Warriors which took
38 years to build
Emperor Qin was then buried in the mausoleum
upon his death in 210 BCE
22 miles east of modern day Xi'an, China
Construction began in 246 BCE
By Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Pit 1
Found in March of 1974 by three farmers, from the nearby village of Yangeun, who were digging a well
Pit 1 measures 755 feet long east to west and 203 feet wide north to south
It covers a total of 153,493 square feet
Making it the largest of the three pits
2,000 clay warriors and horses were excavated
Along with 20 wooden chariots
But it is believed that...
More than 6,000 warriors and 50 chariots were actually buried in Pit 1
Nikki Brabaw
But these other statues were either not found or destroyed over time
Pit 1 consists of 11 corridors divided by 10 earth-rammed partition walls
The ground is paved with pottery bricks that the figures are placed on
Brief History of the Terracotta Army
Pit 2
Found in April 1976 by an excavation team
Pit 2 is located 66 feet northeast of Pit 1
This "L" shaped pit covers an area of 64,582 square feet
It reaches 407 feet wide east to west, 322 feet north to south and is 16 feet deep
The statues discovered in Pit 2 consist of...
War Chariots
Pit 3
Found in April 1976 by an
excavation team
Found 82 feet south of Pit 1
and 394 feet east of Pit 2
This "U" shaped pit covers and area of 5,597
square feet
Its dimensions range from 92 feet long east to west,
79 feet wide north to south,
and 16 feet deep
Unfortunately Pit 3 endured serious
damage over the years
Only 68 pottery figures were recovered from the damage
As well as one chariot and 34 weapons
The artifacts discovered here help determine that Pit 3 was the "command center" for Pits 1 and 2
What the Emperor's Clay Army Meant
They represented the main defending force that guarded the capital of Xianyang before the Emperor died
Reflected the unique strategy of Qin military affairs
Represented the 8,000 actual imperial guards of the Emperor's army
Were constructed to escort the Emperor into the afterlife and aid him there
Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum
Opened to the public on October 1, 1979
The great artistic detail put into the warriors shows how important these statues were to the Emperor
Each was made with local clay, fired in a kiln, then painted
with detail
And to make each statue completely realistic, they were made life size
So excavation on the pits still continues today
There are still thousands of statues to be found
Full transcript