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Transcript of Leaderless Music
Cora, Nikki, Randi
A New York Orchestra
Operating more than 30 years without a conductor
Founded on principles that guide smaller chamber music groups
Early years: decisions through process of participation and unanimous agreement (time consuming)
Now: decisions through systems of rotating leadership in which smaller groups consult then bring ideas to larger group (dispersed and organic)
EVERYONE IS A LEADER & EVERYONE IS A FOLLOWER
"I wanted to bring that camaraderie and spirit into a larger setting. And in order for everyone to be able to communicate more effectively, it seemed necessary to do without a conductor." -Lieber
Leaderless music is about an orchestra without a conductor
Most Important Themes
Pros & Cons
Typical Symphony Orchestra: CLASSICAL APPROACH
Change in leadership is viewed negatively, unless carefully controlled by management
leadership is tied exclusively to management or the conductor.
the conductor has defined traits and abilities that the members do not.
Planned change creates hegemonic relationships between conductor and musicians
A conductor allows the need to control the behavior of musicians
A conductor allows the management to control and plan all changes
Recommendations for improving communication:
instead of spray and pray approach, the conductor could use more of a tell and sell approach to encourage the musicians to want to play certain pieces of music in addition to playing it in a way the conductor is wanting them to.
Meetings to clarify the roles each musician plays in the orchestra and an open question session
These will work because it allows the musicians to express their opinions and therefore leads to the musicians feeling less uncertainty and valued more as a member.
Orpheus Orchestra: HUMAN RESOURCES APPROACH
Change in leadership is seen as a human process in which factors of employee satisfaction are taken into account
Leaders or members are encouraged to emphasize the needs of the other members.
Organizational change can be enhanced by involving the members at all organizational levels.
The effectiveness of leaders is maximized because of behavioral and communicative choices.
Orpheus Orchestra uses a Human Resources approach
A typical symphony orchestra uses a classical approach.
Decision making processes vary depending on managerial style.
Both Orchestras have room for growth and improvement.
Orpheus has ran efficiently for 30 years.
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