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Pacific Ocean

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Rae-Colleen Powers

on 6 April 2013

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Transcript of Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean Biome General Facts! The ocean plays a huge role on the Earth's climate. Stated by MarineBio.org, "The ocean can not only store heat, carbon dioxide, and water, it is also responsible for moving these elements all over the planet and mixing them with the atmosphere." The climate is mainly warm considering that the Pacific Ocean is located mostly in the southern/warmer waters of the world. Climate: Location: Precipitation affects the quantity of salt in the Pacific Ocean. The highest amount of rainfall occurs near the equator. The precipitation adds fresh water to the ocean causing the ocean to lose some of its salinity. According to the article "The Pacific Ocean Temperature and Rainfall", precipitation in the tropical Pacific usually happens daily and annually. In Hawaii, the annual rainfall in the Pacific is in the winter. Amount of Precipitation: Weather Patterns: Temperature: The salinity in the Pacific Ocean is influenced by other abiotic factors, such has wind and precipitation. The salinity of the ocean is measured by the thousands. Salinity: Color-Coded Map The darker blue is the Pacific Ocean Top Carnivore Secondary Consumers Primary Consumers Producers Food Web Energy Pyramid What is the top carnivore? Competition in the Pacific Ocean Mutualism Mutualism- When both organisms benefit from each other.
An example of this is the clown fish and the anemone. The clown fish benefits from the anemone because it gets protection from other predators due to the poisonous tentacles of the anemone. The anemone benefits because it feeds on the waste of the clown fish for food. Commensalism- When one organism benefits and another organism is unaffected.
An example of this is the shark and the Remora fish. The Remora eats the bacteria off the shark. The Remora eating the bacteria benefits because the Remora is able to get food and is able to have protection from the shark. The shark is not benefited but the shark is not harmed either. Commensalism
Killer Whale: is one of the fastest swimmers and "are very agile and maneuverable in the water", stated by Seaworld
Lion Fish: the tentacles of the Lion Fish are poisonous - this fish uses its tentacles to get its prey
Pacific Sea Horse: comes in many different colors and changes its color to blend into its environment
The Giant Pacific Octopus: has "eight arms" which it uses for movement, capturing prey, and feeding itself
Dolphins: according to www.sarkanniemi.fi "The skeleton of...dolphins has changed from a land mammal layout to one adapted for life at sea " The Pacific biome is important to other biomes because when the water evaporates from the ocean, rain is created and influences "agriculture and world economy". Also, the Pacific Ocean is a food source for humans (seafood). Stated by Batul Nafisa Baxamusa"The phytoplankton and kelp help in the production of 5% of the world's oxygen content." Why is the Pacific biome important to other biomes? The humans affect the Pacific biome positively by taking in the injured organisms and finding a way to help them and survive with their new conditions. Another way humans affect the organisms positively is by learning about them and finding new ways to prevent them from getting injured. A negative way humans affect the Pacific biome is by throwing their trash into the water causing animals to eat the trash and negatively affect their health. Another way humans affect the biome is with boats. The boats can run over sea creatures causing them to possibly be wounded or killed. Boats also affect this biome by polluting the water from the gasoline in the boats. This is how humans affect the biome. How do humans affect the Pacific biome, both positively and
negatively? What can people do to help this biome? The End! The abiotic factors that affect organisms in the Pacific Ocean are Water, Salinity, Temperature, Oxygen, Precipitation and Sunlight. Salinity affects the organisms on the Pacific Ocean because salinity affects the water temperature. Temperature affects the organisms because temperature effects metabolism. Oxygen affects the organisms that live in the Pacific Ocean because organisms need oxygen to breathe, and organisms in the Pacific Ocean depend on oxygen dissolved in the water. Precipitation affects the organisms in the Pacific Ocean because rainfall lowers the level of the salt in the water. Sunlight affects the organisms in the Pacific ocean because that is their source of energy and all organisms need some type of energy to survive. What abiotic factors affect the organisms that live there? The Pacific Ocean is an aquatic biome. Type: Stated by UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes, the Pacific Ocean is "west of North America; east of Asia and Australia" (Pacific Ocean 297). The temperature varies between the different ocean layers and the part of the Pacific in which you are located. For example, in Canada the Pacific Ocean does not become warmer after 15 degrees Celsius.
Stated by www.weatherwizkids.com, "Normally winds blow west across the tropical Pacific Ocean....warm water moves over the ocean....warm air rises off shore, causing rain to fall." The El Niño and La Niña affect weather patterns in the Pacific. The El Niño happens "every few years." Basically, El Niño causes the ocean water around the equator and the world's atmosphere to get hotter. Since this brings warmer temperatures, tropical fish can travel north with the warm ocean currents. On the other hand, La Niña brings a cold spell. As an example, due to the coldness, "the Pacific North West receives cooler then normal winter temperatures". Over all, that is how the Pacific Ocean is affected by weather patterns in general. Great White Shark, Killer Whale, and Baleen Whale Leather Back Turtles, Squid, Octopus, Sealion, Dolphin, Jellyfish Crab, Pacific Herring, Shrimp, Krill Plankton, Algae The two top carnivores of the Pacific Ocean are the Great White Shark and the Killer Whale (Orca). The Great White Shark and the Killer Whale live in different depths of the ocean. Both can swim to the surface and swim to deep depths of the ocean in order to survive. Great White Sharks and Killer Whales attack their prey for food. People can help the Pacific biome by gathering a group of volunteers and taking a trip to the beach to clean up the ocean shore. By cleaning the ocean shore, this will help prevent organisms from eating the garbage that affects their health. Another way humans can help this biome is by taking in the injured animals from the Pacific Ocean and nurturing them back to health and returning them to their habitat if possible. Sources:


Underwater Landscape Photos. National Geographic.
http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/photography/photos/underwater-landscapes/#/wave-reef-caloyianis_18452_600x450.jpg

Symbiotic Relationships in the Ocean. Symbiotic Relationships.
http://symbioticrelationship.org/symbiotic-relationships-in-the-ocean/

Weigel, Marlene. “Oceans”. UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes. UXL 3 vols. Detriot, Michigan: UXL 2000. Product Lines. Ocean Express Training, LLC. January 2007
http://www.oceanexpresstrading.com/products.htm

Soniak, Matt. “Two More Things I Learned About Fish”. Mental_Floss 1 September 2009
http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/32836

Ursgokul. “Scientists Explore Role of Algae in Climate Change”. Global Climate Change 14 October 2010
http://globalclimaticchange.blogspot.com/2010/10/scientists-explore-role-of-algae-in.html Sources: Krill. National Geographic.
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/krill/

Photo Gallery: Great White Shark. National Geographic.
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/photos/great-white-sharks/

McKeown, Daniel J. “Twilight Over the Pacific Ocean”. Pacificpelican.us Posts. 10 February 2008
http://pacificarchives.sf3am.com/archives/twilight-over-the-pacific-ocean/ Sources: Sources: An example of competition in the Pacific Ocean is related to dolphins.
According to Campbell "Dolphins go along together and play with each other, but when it is time to eat; all dolphins have to compete for a meal." 5 adaptions that allow organisms to survive in the Pacific Ocean: "Altered Food Webs « Climate Change." Center for Ocean Solutions. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://centerforoceansolutions.org/climate/impacts/cumulative-impacts/altered-food-webs/>.

Pillai, Maya. "Ocean Food Chain." Buzzle. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ocean-food-chain.html>.

"Ecological Regulation - MarineBio.org." MarineBio.org - Marine Biology, Ocean Life Conservation, Sea creatures, Biodiversity, Oceans research.... Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://marinebio.org/oceans/ecological-regulation.asp>.

"Great White Shark." Extreme Science | Science Technology | Earth Science. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.extremescience.com/great-white-shark.html>. Sources: "Killer Whales: Adaptations for an Aquatic Environment." SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS - HOME. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/KillerWhale/adapaqkw.html>.

Baxamusa, Batul Nafisa. "Marine Biome Facts." Buzzle. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/marine-biome-facts.html>.

"---dolphin_anatomy." SÃrkÃnniemi. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.sarkanniemi.fi/akatemiat/dolphin_anatomy.html>.

"The Giant Pacific Octopus: Adaptation." BioWeb Home. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2012/kalupa_juli/adaptation.htm>. Sources: "Adaptation." BioWeb Home. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2007/walther_samu/Adaptation%20new.htm>.

Belvalkar, Mrunal. "Lionfish Adaptations." Buzzle. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/lionfish-adaptations.html>.
"ANIMAL INFO - Animal InfoBooks." SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS - HOME. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/index.htm>.

"New York Aquarium." New York Aquarium. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nyaquarium.com/>.

Bland, Eric. " Jumbo Squid Invade California Coast | Unusual Organisms | DISCOVER Magazine ." Science and Technology News, Science Articles | Discover Magazine . Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://discovermagazine.com/2007/jul/jumbo-squid-invade-california-coast>. Castro, Xosé. "Small octopus | Flickr - Photo Sharing!." Welcome to Flickr - Photo Sharing. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/cibergaita/88870083/

"Crab." True Wild Life. Web. 8 Oct. 2012. <http://true-wildlife.blogspot.com/2011/02/crab.html>.

" Google Image Result for http://www.scubatravel.co.uk/Shrimp_11_3a.jpg." Google. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=shrimp+underwater&num=10&hl=en&biw= Sources:
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