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Birth of Democratic Germany, 1917-19

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by

Josh Coughlan

on 23 February 2017

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Transcript of Birth of Democratic Germany, 1917-19

Germany, 1871-1990: united, divided and reunited
The birth of democratic Germany, 1917-19
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:
The economic, political and social impacts of world war one.
Understand
:
The divisive consequences of World War One.
Concept
:
Causation
Skills:

Synthesising evidence
Identifies the social, political and
economic impacts of World War One.
Explains to what extent the impacts of World War One were divisive.
Assesses the divisiveness of World War One discussing its impacts on the various sectors.
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:
The biographies of Hindenburg and Ludendorff.
Understand
:
The impact of the 'silent dictatorship'.
Concept
:
Cause & consequence
Skills:

Research, curation
Identifies the roles of Ludendorff,
Hindenberg and Erzberger.
Explains the impacts of these individuals on the political, economic, military and social aspects of Germany.
Assesses the impact of the 'silent dictatorship' on the progression of the First World War.
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:
Constitutional reforms in 1918.
Understand
:
Why reforms were implemented.
Concept
:
Cause & consequence
Skills:
Research
Identifies the constitutional reforms
implemented in 1918.
Explains the reasons why reforms were
introduced at the end of world war one.
Assesses to what extent the 'stab in
the back' myth was true.
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:
The disintegration, defeat and revolutions, 1918-19.
Understand
:
The impact of WWI on the government and people.
Concept
:
Cause & consequence
Skills:
Creating links

Describes the events that led to the
abdication of the Kaiser.
Explains why revolution became so
widespread during the end of the war.
Assesses what the main causes and
consequences of the war were.
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:
The actions of the
government towards social unrest.
Understand
:
The impact of different political groups.
Concept
:
Significance
Skills:

Evidence synthesising
Identifies the government's actions
towards social unrest post WWI.
Explains the impact of Ebert on the course of German politics.
Assesses to what extent Ebert made the correct decisions post WWI.
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:

Understand
:

Concept
:

Skills:


Identifies
Explains
Assesses
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:
The strengths and weaknesses of the new constitution.
Understand
:
The extent of success of the new constitution.
Concept
:
Significance
Skills:

Synthesising evidence
Identifies the tenets of the new
Weimar Constitution.
Explains the strengths & weaknesses
of the new constitution.
Assesses to what extent the Weimar
Constitution was successful.
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:

Understand
:

Concept
:

Skills:


Identifies
Explains
Assesses
To what extent did the first world war create further divisions in Germany?
How might the German people have been unified and/or divided by the Great War?
The impact of the Great War
Using pages 87-89 complete the venn diagram detailing the impact of World War One. MUST include 'hard' evidence.
- Use one colour for division
- Use another colour for unity.
Headings:
- Political
- Social
- Economic
EXT: Identify the main reason for division from the Great War's impacts.
Post-it decision
What impact did the 'silent dictatorship' have on the progression of the First World War?
What social, political and economic impacts did the Great War have on Germany?
The Deutsches Historisches Museum's new exhibition
A new exhibition on WWI is opening with a focus on the roles of
Erich Ludendorff, Paul von Hindenberg
and
Matthias Erzberger
and their impact on the political, social, military and economic aspects of German society during the war.
Your aims as chief researcher:
- Create a dossier about each individual
- Brief biography
- Actions during WWI
- Consequences of their actions
- Explicit focus on social, political, military
and economic aspects of their impact
- Choose 4 photos for your exhibition that
- What would be your main slogan for the

'silent dictatorship'?
represent your information.
What does this cartoon represent?
What groups were involved with this?
What impact did these groups have on Germany?
To what extent was the 'stab in the back' myth true?
Constitutional reforms from above, 1918
Read pages 93-94and answer the following questions:
1. What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
2. What were the consequences of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
3. What three key reasons did Ludendorff give for political reform?
4. What were the reforms implemented by the government?
5. What were the consequences of these reforms?
On 8 October 1919, Haase was shot by Johann Voss, an apparently mentally ill leather worker. He was severely injured and died on 7 November.
Write a report:
You are a British journalist writing about the death of Haase and his
contribution to the
end of World War
One.
Answer the question:
To what extent was
the 'stab in the back'
myth true?
Extended reading
German colonialism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-33329661
http://www.hsozkult.de/conferencereport/id/tagungsberichte-3904
What were the consequences of Germany's defeat in WWI?
Germany is seeking an armistice!
Use page 97 to create a flow diagram of the
causes and consequences
of Germany's declaration that they are seeking an armistice.
Make sure to include links between the events/ factors.
Germany seeking an armistice
Political reforms
in government
German people dissatisfied
knew that final offensive was a failure
What might these men be doing?
Source work
Using extract 2 from page 98 answer the following questions:
1.
According to Bessel (extract 2), why could the changes introduced by hindenburg and ludendorff not stop political revolution in germany from breaking out?
2.
with reference to extract 2, what was the main problem facing the new government after the abdication of the kaiser?
How did the government deal with the post WWI social unrest?
State the following consequences of WWI for Germany:
Economic
Political
Martini note taking
- Read through pages 98-100
- Do not take any notes
- Select 5 words to represent everything that you've read
- Explain the selection of your word and what
it represents.
- Create a poster summarising the information
that you've read. You can only use one word
BUT you can use as many pictures as you like.
Social
Ebert political goals & problems for Weimar source analysis X 2 lessons
To what extent did the new Weimar constitution achieve freedom and stability?
Creating a new constitution:
You have started a new nation and need to create a constitution to achieve freedom and stability.
How will you deal with the following:
- Type of governance
- Power of government
- Voting
- Taxes
- Law and order

- Education
- Immigration
- Trading
- Health
- Military
Strengths and weaknesses of Weimar Constitution
STrengths
WEaknesses
Using p105-106
To what extent did the new Weimar constitution achieve freedom and stability?
Not a great deal
A great deal
6. What is Burgfriede?

20. Name three weaknesses of the new Weimar constitution.
9. Name two political consequences of WWI
10. What was Siegfrieden?
8. Name two social consequences of WWI
7. Name two economic consequences of WWI
1. What is a Junker?
2. Name two ways in which the federal system during the Kaiserreich was unfair
3. Name three methods that aided the unification of German people during the Kaiserreich
4. What was the Kulturkampf?
5. What was the War In Sight Crisis?
11. What was the Silent Dictatorship?
12. How did the USPD emerge as a party?
13. What was the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
14. Name three reasons that Ludendorff gave for political reform.
15. What was the role of Prince Max of Baden?
16. What were the consequences of a grass roots movement in Kiel?
17. What actions did Friedrich Ebert undertake to placate post-war Germany?
18. Name three reasons why the new republic was still divided
19. Name three strengths of the new Weimar constitution
Success criteria:
A
B
C
Know:

Understand
:

Concept
:

Skills:


Identifies
Explains
Assesses
Full transcript