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Adolescent Development Presentation

Parent Adolescent Relationships in India and Japan
by

Priscilla Gee

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Adolescent Development Presentation

Parent
Adolescent
Relationships in India has 19,700,000 youths between the ages
of 10 and 24 Japan total population of the and Japan adolescents <15 make up The Japanese Family Harmony

Amae

Filial piety The Indian Family Hierarchically organized

Kinship network

Less emphasis on independence than the West Concept of Adolescence
in the United States Concept of Adolescence
in India and Japan Adolescent Example (Kapadia, S., Miller, J., 2005) Int: How would you describe yourself as a teenager? T1: Teenager? I didn't understand your question... Int: About being a teenager... [what do] you think is different? T2: I don't know. Parenting Styles in India Parents vs. Peers India has 331,100,000 youths between the ages
of 10 and 24 U.S. has 64,400,000 youths between the ages
of 10 and 24 total population of the adolescents <15 make up adolescents <15 make up total population of the 20% 14% 33% do The American Family What you think? Source: Population Reference Bureau Source: Population Reference Bureau Males stay with parents and take care of family

Females support spouses and care for children (Hofstede, 2001) Desire for independence/autonomy Indian Authoritarian Parenting Style Parental control makes parents and adolescents less anxious Authoritative parenting would be less successful in India Parental control perceived by adolescents as:
Protection and care
Feeling of security and acceptance
More acceptable for adolescents in a culture of interdependence dsfsdf In Japan, dutifulness is extolled in many forms.
The bronze statue shows a son carrying his
mother and climbing stone steps at the shrine. Parents see adolescents spending time with peers valuable
Sponsor peering
Majority of time spent at home Japan: (Albert, Trommsdorff & Mishra, 2007) (Albert, Trommsdorff & Mishra, 2007; Kapadia & Miller, 2005 and Jambunathan & Counselman, 2002) India: Limit peer interaction Note: Authoritarian Style is called "Traditional" and Authoritative Style is called a blend of "Traditional" and "Modern" parenting - Authoritative and Authoritarian depending on people's SES

- Authoritarian predominant

- Authoritative among people of high SES Search for identity Effects of Parenting on Education India: Parent’s high educational expectations and pressure for academic achievements is the main cause of anxiety among adolescents


Japan: Believe that the central role of adolescent is to be a student Indian Parental Responsibility Primary responsibility: To guide children and be there for them at difficult times

Non-material: Providing them with sanskaar

Responsibilities differ depending on gender Conflicts & Resolutions Areas of common disagreements


Harmony
Internalize parents’ expectations and act accordingly


Japan nonverbal
Seen as essential to maintain harmony at home
Adolescents view disobedience and disrespect negatively 17-year-old adolescent on marriage Say... your parents do not give you the permission to get married. What happens then? How would that situation be resolved?

I would do what my parents say because I don’t want to hurt them. I love them and they will do what is right for me… they will not do anything that is wrong. (Kapadia, S., Miller, J., 2005) Japan India U.S. 20% 33% 14% (Ebrey, P., 2007) Conclusion Greater parental involvement in India and Japan

Japanese and Indian parents focus more on interdependence whereas U.S. parents focus more on independence

Most parents across cultures want what’s best for their children but what the best thing is may differ among culture Keep in mind that there are many different kinds of families in each culture The End! Thank you for listening :) (Deb, S., Chatterjee, P., & Walsh, K. 2010) (Rothbaum et al., 2000) Adolescence? Anyone under 20 was considered youth Until recently, there was no term for adolescence In Japan, no equivalent to U.S. law that assert an
older adolescent’s legal independence from parents Stable relationship with parents and peers
Avoid conflict (Brown, B., Larson, R., 2002). (Rothbaum et al., 2000) chores, academics, regulation of interpersonal relations, and regulation of behavior/activities, finance Priscilla Gee, Liana Robertson, Arleen Senas, Kristi Arnold, Charu Tuladhar
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