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American Education Timeline of Important Events
Transcript of American Education Timeline of Important Events
In 1635 the first free school was opened. This was opened in the state of Virginia and this was very unique to this area because up until this point most education was done at home. Families were the main ones responsible for educating their own children and that is what made this free school so revolutionary.
2. Harvard University, 1636
In the year of 1636 one year after the first free school was established the first school of higher education was established and this was Harvard University. Harvard is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts which is also where the first printing press was set up at which allowed them to have books.
3. Mandatory Attendance Law, 1852
In 1852 the first mandatory attendance law for students was established. This is very amazing to me because we still have mandatory attendance laws for students currently. This is one law that has definitely stood the test of time. Although back then the penalty was only 25.00 and not jail time for parents like it is today, it still was in existence over almost 150 years ago.
Howard University, 1867
This was the year that the first historical black college or university was established. This facility was and is still known as Howard University. Howard is located in the nation’s capital of Washington D.C. Howard was funded by Freedman’s Bureau. Freedman’s Bureau historically provided funding to freed slaves following the civil war.
American Education Timeline of Important Events
School For the Deaf, 1869
In 1869 the first known school for students with disabilities was established. I would like to discuss the event of 1869 when the city of Boston created the first day school for the deaf. This is close to me due to the fact that I have deaf people in my family. Before this event, "the states completely excluded children with disabilities from public education prior to the twentieth century." I was astonished when I read this fact, I had no idea that the government had previously ignored children with disabilities. Due to the fact that these schools were for public use these initiatives would be spearheaded by local government. This concept was derived from the fact that before public facilities, special needs education was done in private facilities which everyone could not afford.
Statue Of Liberty, 1886
In 1886 the Statue of Liberty was offered as a gift from the people of France. This gift was dedicated by President Grover Cleveland. It was ironically set at the entrance to New York where all who entered and migrated through the port of New York would first be greeted by a welcoming look and bright shining torch held high in the sky. The statue was just in time to greet the biggest migration in global history. This is unique to education because in my opinion it is the start of fair education reform in the United States because we now have start educating immigrants.
This was the year that the American Association of Universities was founded. This was a very important feat because it was developed to make sure that American universities are providing the proper curriculums to be able to compete with it’s European counterparts on a global level in order to make sure America remains a global superpower.
8. School Transportation Law Funding, 1919
In the year of 1919 the government passed laws which would provide funding for each state to transport their children back and forth to school. Up until this point the responsibility was that of the parents and many students found themselves walking miles to and from school. This system is still running today with our school bus system.
9. 1954, Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education
I would like to discuss that has highly affected education even until today is the case of Brown vs. The Board of Education in Topeka. This event occurred in 1954 and the ruling of this case would eventually determine "That separate educational services are inheritantly unequal". This case would segregate the public school system forever and would ensure that everyone get an equal and fair education regardless of their race. The key individuals in this case were five families in Topeka, Kansas who challenged the Topeka B.O.E. when their children were force to travel miles away to go to school because they were not allowed to go to a school right in their neighborhood due to their race.
National Defense Education Act, 1958
According to NAGC, in 1958 the National Defense Education Act was passed. It represented the first effort of the Federal government in gifted education. There was also a guideline established that the U.S. government used to separate gifted students from normal or average students. This guideline was called the Marland Report. The Marland report gave the first formal definition of giftedness. The U.S. Office of Education gave Office of the Gifted and Talented, official status. This act serves as the government first true interest in providing education for the gifted that their needs.
11. The ACT Test, 1959
In the year 1959 the first ACT test was administered and this was an aptitude test that measured the progress of students in comparison to their counterparts in other parts of the country. This was unique because it was the first atte
12. Ruby Bridges, 1960
In 1960, Ruby Bridges was an African American student who attended William Frantz Elementary school. This was monumental in the history of education because it was a resounding result of the ever so present color line in education that Ruth ended up a class of one. Although she was able to get the full attention of her teachers due to this fact, the parents ironically removed all their children from the school in order to not attend school with a black child.
13. Civil Rights Act, 1964
This was in my opinion the most monumental act ever passed in regards to education. The Civil Rights Act abolished discrimination of any kind based on race, religion, sex or national original. This meant that every United States citizen had the right to be fairly educated and not given lessor than their majority counterparts. This obviously transgressed to a lot more than just education over time.
Elementary and Secondary Education Act, 1965
This was most popular because of Title I of this act. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 is about improving the academic achievement of the disadvantaged. The main purpose to Title I is to “ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high quality education and reach, at minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments”("Title I ," n.d.). Originally, the idea of Title I was committed to closing the achievement gap between low-income students and other students.
The Marland Report, 1971
The Marland Report was submitted to Congress in 1971, “the report emphasized that services for the gifted and talented were almost nonexistent” (Karnes & Stephens, 2008, p. 4). The Marland Report provided school systems with a definition of giftedness. The Marland Report provided a basis for school systems to establish training programs for teachers of gifted learners, programs for students, further gifted research and to provide government funding to each state. This is the same system that is still being used in our school systems in its current form as we know it. Some has used the statement from the text to support choice reforms by stating that public curriculum, "outdated and harmful teacher-centered and subject-centered education." (Gaither, 2011)
Education of All Handicapped Children Act, 1975
Finally we now have an act passed by congress that would ensure that all children with any disability can finally still be properly educated for free. Each individual would be afforded an education that is suitable for their needs and catered towards their disability.
University of Phoenix Online Education, 1989
This is what I think is the most revolutionary movement in education that we have seen in years is the offering of an online education. This concept was created by the University of Phoenix in the year 1989. The University of Phoenix was the first university to offer bachelors and masters degrees online. This concept has a major effect on education because many citizens can’t always go to a day college and this allows them the opportunity to further their education as well. The University of Phoenix was established in 1976, Dr. John Sperling. It originally offered students a chance to take college courses at varied times instead of the normal day hours. The concept of online education has now been followed by many other universities such as Ashford University.
Javits Gifted and Talented Student Education Act, 1988
Javits Gifted and Talented Student Education Act is the only federal program that is designed addresses the needs of gifted and talented children. The Javits gifted and Talented Student Education Act was originally passed in 1988 to support and enhance the development of gifted students in U.S. schools.
No Child Left Behind Act, 2001
The No Child Left Behind. This act went through legislative court in 2001 and was initially supposed to be in affect until 2005, however it has been extended for now still until this day. The No Child Left Behind act was put into effect by former President George Bush and it has an emphasis on accountability for school systems in regards to standardized testing and teacher accountability. It has even been discussed that teachers salaries would reflect the standardized test scores of their students. This act has put a lot of pressure on the public schools to meet their requirements in an effort to not lose their accreditation.
Wisconsin Act 346, 2005
The 2005 Wisconsin Act 346, passed by the legislature and signed by Governor Jim Doyle on April 14, 2006, allows charter schools and public school boards to establish separate classes and schools for boys and for girls. Under this law, comparable classes or schools must be available to students of the opposite sex.
These events were all monumental in some form or fashion in regards to how education is handled today. These events take away all physical, religious, race, gender, or nation of origin discrimination of any kind. Due to these events, curriculums have been created or changed, funding has been provided and standards have been put into place in order to see that all students have the chance at what we all want and that is fair and equal education.