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Ch. 4 The Western Land and Its Markers
Transcript of Ch. 4 The Western Land and Its Markers
Native thought they were winning in the West.
Appalled that British gave up lands to Americans.
Rights of Conquest: Under the Articles of Confederation
What to do with the land?
Natives did not see themselves has having been beaten, yet they will have to give up the land.
How did individual states see this new land? Why would some have an issue with the distribution of the newly acquired land?
The Way out:Northwest Ordinance and Land Ordinance
Two methods were used to divide up the land in the Northwest territory, which gave way to a hybrid method.
There were positive & negative aspects of this process.
• Articles of Confederation
o North West Ordinance
o Land Ordinance
o Wealth and land
• Legends of the West
o Freedom of the West, Boone
o Conflict w/Natives
Paths of the Natives
o War of 1812
Natives Side with British During the Revolution.
Jefferson wanted to give the land away to small farmers.
Congress wanted to auction the land off in chucks of 640 acres.
land was divided based on size only, not on water, soil quality, proximity to canals, rivers, town, etc.
Frontiersmen Heroes or Backwoods Losers?
Some in the East saw those that lived in the West as strong and self reliant, others saw them as drifters that could not fit in.
The West for others was a place to be free of social constraints.
More Trouble with Natives
As soon as the Revolution was over settlers began to move into the West, and into Florida in the South.
This was often on Native land
Treaties were broken first by settlers, then by the government.
Attacks on Settlers were a reason to declare war on Natives
Some Native groups used negotiations to avoid warfare. This will save some of them for awhile.
Many Native groups attempted to use modern solutions.
The Seneca attempted to learn "American" ways
led to divisions between progressives and traditionalists.
Iroquois (Handsome Lake) wanted to return to ancient rights and rituals
did so by combining many Iroquois spirituality with with Quaker values.
Tecumseh and his brother established a traditionalist settlement at Prophetstown
Highly aggressive towards Americans
Cherokee were devastated after the Revolution.
Conflict among the Cherokee themselves
Men of mixed ancestry took leadership roles and gained federal protection for their lands
took up farming like whites
Sequoya developed an alphabet and written language
Really embrace "revitalization"