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To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 4 Analysis

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by

Celine Ferreira

on 28 November 2014

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Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 4 Analysis

"'Grown folks don't have hidin' places'"
To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 4 Analysis
"Through all the head-shaking, quelling of nausea and Jem-yelling, I had heard another sound, so low I could not have heard it from the sidewalk. Someone inside the house was laughing."
"'See there?" Jem was scowling triumphantly. 'Nothin' to it. I swear, Scout, sometimes you act so much like a girl it's mortifyin'."
Summary
Chapter 4 is about innocence to experience; it's a stage of curiosity that Jem and Scout go through. In this chapter, the children discover the knothole by the Radley place. Scout comes home one day from school and she notices gum in the knothole. She chews it and encounters scolding from Jem, who says it's poisoned. On the walk home on the last day of school Jem notices two pennies in the knothole, he brings them home. Dill returns to Maycomb that summer and the kids continue their obsession with Boo Radley. They come up with a play aout the Radley's and continue polishing their play to perfection until Atticus catches them.
Scout is a tom boy
Scout receives being called a girl an insult, as that is what Jem intends it to be
Jem calls Scout a girl, implying that she is a "sissy" or "scaredy-cat"
Scout also sees femininity as a trap where she is unable to grow up to be her own person
This is because of all the restrictions that come along with being a girl in Maycomb
Scout does not understand that masculinity is also governed by its own rules
Boo laughs, showing affection and emotion
Atticus does not laugh, but instead scolds the kids, showing discipline
Atticus lacks an emotional and affectionate side, and boo provides this for the children
Boo provides what Atticus does not; he is the missing piece of Atticus
Scout hears Boo laughing only after breaking the boundaries of the Radley place
Boo represents the id, as he is hidden away beyond our boundaries.
Bravery
"'Go on, it ain't far inside the gate. Why, you even touched the house once' said Scout"
"'See there?' Jem was scowling triumphantly. 'Nothin' to it. I swear, Scout, sometimes you act so much like a girl it's mortifyin'."
"There was more to it I knew, but I decided not to tell him."

Bravery is extremely important to Jem. Throughout the novel, he thinks that Scout and Dill will respect him because of his bravery, and how he touched the Radley house.
Scout is delusional to the fact that grown men and women have hiding places
Maycomb is built on hiding things such as the truth. ex. The trial of Tom Robinson
Everyone in Maycomb hides their true selves by their prejudices and telling lies
This shows Scouts innocence because she is not in the state of experience to know that adults hide things from others
Indian Heads
Boo Radley gives the kids a part of him when he sends the Indian head coins
Indians are misunderstood and outcasts just like Boo is
Boo is misunderstood when people start gossiping about him, he becomes an outcast because of this
"Before Jem went to his room, he looked for a long time at the Radley place. He seemed to be thinking again."
Jem is older than Scout so he is more perceptive then her
Scout does know who left the gifts in the knothole, but Jem has an idea when he stares at the Radley house and starts to think
Jem also starts off the letter to the sender of the gifts by addressing the person as male, in chapter five
Shows Scouts innocence because she is not yet experienced enough to know this yet
"We strolled to the front of the yard where Dill stood looking down on the street at the dreary face of the Radley Place. 'I-smell-death'"
Quote #1:
Adds to the element of Dill crying in the court room
Dill knows that Tom Robinson is going to die
Dill smells death in the courtroom
Quote #2:
"'Haven't you walked along a lonesome raod at night and passed by a hot place?' Jem asked Dill. 'A hot steams somebody who can't get to heaven, just wallows around on lonesome roads and if you walk through him, when you die you'll be one to, an' you'll go around at night suckin' people's breath-'"
The hot steams can relate to the climate in Maycomb
Dill gets hot in the courtroom
"Haven't you ever walked along a lonesome road at night and passed by a hot place?"
Quote #3:
The hot steams represent tradition in which the town has become lifeless and deadly because they're stuck in their ways
Dill is aware of the sickness and deadliness of the town by pointing this out
Dill is an outsider and can see the town of Maycomb in a different perspective then Scout and Jem
Quote #4:
Quote #6:
Quote #7:
Quote #8:
Full transcript