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Greek Architecture

Chinese Artist and Activist
by

Kira Golden

on 15 June 2013

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Transcript of Greek Architecture

B
D
L
I
U
PARTHENON
THE ERECHTHEION
ODEON OF HERODES ATTICUS
"Greek Architecture is the flowering of Geometry" -Ralph Emerson Waldo
OVERVIEW
- Greek Architecture
- History
- Ten Characteristic Elements
- Defined Orders
- Representative Buildings
- Greek Architecture
- History
- Ten Characteristic Elements
- Defined Orders
- Representative Buildings
- Hellenic people
- Two eras, Hellenic and Hellenistic
- Began circa 900 BC
- Ended circa 30 AD
- Highly influenced architecture
- Rocky, ragged coastline
- Limestone was readily available
- Precision and detail
- Influenced by climate
- Marble
- Surfaces were smooth, curved or
CLIMATE
HISTORY
Figure 2: Greek Coastline
GEOGRAPHY
ELEMENTS
BASE
- Separates column from stylobate
- Cap may be decorated
LINTEL
- Part of "Post and Lintel" Construction
- Load bearing beam
- Spans space between columns
- Divide walls in regular compartments
ENTABLATURE
- Major horizontal structure
- Wraps around entire building
- Three parts: Architrave
Frieze
Cornice
FRIEZE
- Second horizontal stage
- Filler
- Major decorative element
CORNICE
- Cornice: Ledge
- Horizontal decorative Molding
- Topmost part of entablature
CAPITAL
- Forms top of column
- Consists of two parts: Upper
Lower
- Varies with order
MATHEMATICAL RULE
- Golden ratio/mean
- To ensure proper proportions
- Sound structure
- Aesthetically pleasing
TEMPLES
- Largest structures in Greek Architecture
- Majority were small
- Considered a private abode
Greek Architecture
I
S
G
N
fluted
- Built between 447 and 438 BC
- Built on a previous foundation
- Proportions
-34' in length, 74" in diameter
- Athena Parthenos
- Columns placed behind statue
- 12m in height
- Exterior
- Pediments
- Ionic Frieze
- Attacked in 1687
- 1830's, restoration began
- Peak of architectural achievement
COLUMNS
PEDIMENT
- Front/back of each temple
- Most significant sculptures
- Important figure in middle
- Post holds up lintels
- Tapered shape
- Drums stacked together
- Athens, Greece
- Built between 421 and 406 BC
- Mnesicles
- Dedicated to the hero Erichthonius
- Strong + Powerful
- Elegant and beautiful
- Rare phenomenon
- Complex Design
- Columns replaced with caryatids
- Attributes of strength and beauty
- Stone structure, Acropolis in Athens
- Built in 61 AD by Herodes of Atticus
- In memory of his wife
- Important Structure
- Theater: A place to see
- Ceremonies
- Larger than a semi-circle
- Orchestra
- Acoustics
- Seat capacity of 5000
DORIC
- First/simplest
- Baseless
- Height= 6x largest diameter
- 16 grooved flutes
IONIC
- Detailed capital with 2 scrolls
- Height
- Fascia
CORINTHIAN
- Similar to ionic
- Purely decorative
- Acanthus leaves
- 4 symmetrical scrolls
- Repetitive patterns
RECAP
- Greek Architecture
- History
- Ten Characteristic Elements
- Defined Orders
- Representative Buildings
C
L
C
O
U
O
I
S
N
N
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Thank You
S
Figure 4: Lintel
Figure 5: Entablature
Figure 6: Frieze
Figure 7: Cornice
Figure 8: Capital
Figure 9: Temples
Figure 10: Pediment
Figure 11: Column
Figure 12: Doric Column
Figure 13: Ionic Column
Figure 14: Corinthian column
Figure 1: Greece
Figure 15: The Parthenon sketch
Figure 16: Parthenon
Figure 17: Athena Parthenos
Figure 18: Ionic Frieze
Figure 19: Restoration of Parthenon
Figure 20: Erechtheion sketch
Figure 21: The Erechtheion
Figure 22: Caryatids
Figure 24: Odeon of Herodes
Figure 25: Herodes Atticus
Figure 26: Theatre
Figure 27: Modern day concert
-Berliner, Hila. (2011) History of Architecture: Architecture in Ancient Greece.Retrieved from: http://historyofrchitecture.blogspot.ca/2011/07/ancient-greek- architecture.htm
-European Architecture (2004) -Greek Architectural HistoryRetrieved from: http://www.european-architecture.info/A-HIST_GREEK.htm
-Field, D. M. (2001) The World’s Greatest Architecture: Past and Present.Edison: Regency House Publishing Ltd.
-Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History (2000) Architecture in Ancient GreeceRetrieved from: http://metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grarc/hd_grarc.htm
-Howarth, E. (1990) Crash Course in Architecture. London: Headline Book Publishing
-Nellist, J. P. (1967) British Architecture and its Background. Toronto: Macmillan and Co.
-Pevsner, N. (1942) An Outline of European Architecture. London: Penguin
-Strong, D. E. (1965) The Classical World. London: Paul Hamlyn Publishing
-White, N. (1976) The Architecture Book. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
Figure 1: Greece, Retrieved at: http://www.itastours.com/pics/greece1.jpg, Retrieved on: January 15th,2013Figure 2: Greek Coastline, Retrieved at: http://www.itastours.com/pics/greece1.jpg, Retrieved on: January 15th, 2013
Figure 3: Base, Retrieved at: http://thumb18.shutterstock.com/thumb_large/294373/294373,1260235880,3/stock-vector-ionic-column-base-42406441, Retrieved on: January 16th, 2013
Figure 4: Lintel, Retrieved at: http://chestofbooks.com/architecture/Cyclopedia-Carpentry-Building-7-10/images/Basilica-of-the Giants-Temple-of-Zeus-Agrigentum-Sicily.jpg, Retrieved on: January 16th, 2013
Figure 5: Entablature, Retrieved at: http://www.artemisillustration.com/assets/text/entablaturechart.gif, Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 6: Frieze, Retrieved at: http://www.grisel.net/images/greece/centaur.JPG , Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 7: Cornice, Retrieved at: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_3aby_5aWfs0/TROvMmNLZxI/AAAAAAAAAII/nmt-xU9ATCU/s1600/Entablature%252C+Cornice%252C+Frieze%252C+Architrave.png , Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013 Figure 8: Capital, Retrieved at: http://i.istockimg.com/file_thumbview_approve/1492640/2/stock-illustration-1492640-doric-ionic-corinthian-columns.jpg , Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 9: Temples, Retrieved at: http://fc02.deviantart.net/fs14/f/2007/081/4/5/Greek_temple___Doric_style_by_JanBoruta.png, Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 10: Pediment, Retrieved at: http://www.thegreenwichphantom.co.uk/uploaded_images/Nelsons-pediment-798869.jpg , Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 11: Column, Retrieved at: http://threes.com/cms/images/stories/history/greek.jpg , Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 12: Doric Column, Retrieved at: http://www.imagearts.ryerson.ca/icameron/diagrams.pdf, Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 13: Ionic Column, Retrieved at: http://www.imagearts.ryerson.ca/icameron/diagrams.pdf, Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 14: Corinthian Column, Retrieved at: www.cmhfg.org/kids/dictionary/classicalorders.html, Retrieved on: January 17th, 2013
Figure 15: Parthenon Sketch, Retrieved at: http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/torky/torky1106/torky110600031/9722030-greece-parthenon-sketch.jpg Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 16:Parthenon, Retrieved at: http://employees.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/Images/109images/greek_archaic_classical/parthenon/parthenon.jpg , Retrieved on: January 18th, 20130
Figure 17: Athena Parthenos, Retrieved at: http://sasgreekart.pbworks.com/f/Athena+Parthenon+Picture.jpg, Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 18: Ionic Frieze, Retrieved at: http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3554/4606614336_d8e6cfa43e_z.jpg, Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 19: Restoration of Parthenon, Retrieved at: http://farm1.staticflickr.com/53/135115202_ff9b9e5a8e_o.jpg , Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 20: Erechtheion Sketch, Retrieved at: http://full.creative.touchtalent.com/Erechtheion-14363.jpg , Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 21: The Erectheion, Retrieved at: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-W61E77hoYXI/T_VF1VvwRmI/AAAAAAAAHwg/Q8TeuRAIgkY/s1600/B20120629+Athens+-+Acropolis+-Erechtheion+(1).jpg, Retrieved onL January 18th,
2013
Figure 22: Caryatids, Retrieved at: http://www.greece-athens.com/pages_images/48.jpg, Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 23: The Erechtheion Columns, Retrieved at: http://www.mesogeia.net/athens/places/acropolis/erechtheion004.jpg, Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 24: Odeon of Herodes, Retrieved at: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_Vz80r4vjf_I/SeiXf5CN2vI/AAAAAAAAAMU/wPhu0tTYZck/s320/Odeum+of+Herodes+Atticus.jpg, Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 25: Herodes Atticus, Retrieved at: http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/73/11073-004-5403DB37.jpg , Retrieved on: January 18th, 2013
Figure 26: Theater, Retrieved at: http://fc01.deviantart.net/fs42/f/2009/078/a/8/Odeon_of_Herodes_Atticus_by_inObrAS.jpg , Retrieved on: January 19th, 2013
Figure 27: Modern day concert, Retrieved at: http://fc01.deviantart.net/fs42/f/2009/078/a/8/Odeon_of_Herodes_Atticus_by_inObrAS.jpg, Retrieved on: January 19th, 2013
Figure 28: Retrieved at: http://www.moillusions.com/2012/11/wonderful-3d-pencil-drawing.html, Retrieved on: January 30th, 2013
IMAGES
Figure 3: Base
Figure 28: Drawing of columns
Figure 23: The Erechtheion Columns
By: Kira Golden
- Greek Architecture
- History
- Ten Characteristic Elements
- Defined Orders
- Representative Buildings
Full transcript