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The War of 1812 (The Second War for Independence)

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Mr. Qarmout

on 8 February 2014

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Transcript of The War of 1812 (The Second War for Independence)

The War of 1812 (The Second War for Independence)
Causes of the War
Same old story-Britain and France were fighting
Britain began capturing American sailors and “impressing” them, or forcing them to work on British ships
By 1807, Britain had seized more than 1,000 American ships
Manifest Destiny
The War in Canada
The War at Sea
The War on Land
A refusal to trade with another country


To take control of

A place where ships stop

Forcing sailors to work on another ship

To enter with force

Closing off an area with ships

When the other side has more soldiers/people than you do


Embargo Act of 1807
President Jefferson convinced Congress to declare an embargo
Jefferson believed the embargo would hurt Britain, but it really hurt America
1809 Congress ended the embargo with all countries except Britain and France
America’s Desire for Canada
Americans saw that Canada was not well-defended by Britain
Americans wanted more land and believed that people in Canada would want to join the United States

The War Hawks

A group of Democratic-Republican Congressmen from the South and West wanted war against Britain.

Led by Senator John C. Calhoun of South Carolina and Henry Clay of Kentucky
War, huh!
What is it good for?
Americans were unprepared
The British captured Detroit and the Americans failed to capture Canada-(light it up boys-sore losers)
Native Americans helped the British because they wanted to stop Americans from taking more land
(MD? Pop.? Racism? $?)
June 18, 1812

On June 18, 1812, President James Madison signed a declaration of war against Great Britain, marking the beginning of the War of 1812.

August 19, 1814

British troops landed at Benedict, Maryland, on the shores of the Patuxent River on August 19, 1814. A few days later, the British set fire to the White House, the Capitol, and many of the other public buildings in Washington.

September 13, 1814

The British bombardment of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner" on September 13, 1814.

January 8, 1815

The Battle of New Orleans was fought on January 8, 1815.
Canadian Government view of the war
Part One (In class)
Part Two (At home)
Why did the U.S. attack Canada?
What did Jefferson mean when he said "... mere matter of marching..."?
What causes the Native Americans to join forces with the British?
Create a (3) T-Graph. U.S. and GB/Canada and NA comparing forces and tactics.
What does this video reveal about perspective?
U.S. Navy- new, young and outnumbered
November of 1812-British blockaded the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays
Blockade grew throughout the war
1813-Most American ships were unable to leave their ports
Battle for Washington
British invaded D.C. in 1814
James and Dolley Madison save famous painting of GW, DOI, Const. ect...
British enter the WH, finish Madison's dinner then burned it
British soldiers burned the Capitol, the White House, and other public/Private buildings

Battle at Fort McHenry
Star shaped fort that defended Baltimore Harbor
GB continuous bombardment of 25 hours
US-Limited (range) guns, sunken ships in the harbor
GB-Poor long distance accuracy, limited ammunition
GB leaves the next day-US Win
The Battle of New Orleans (1815)
Most famous/important battle of the War
Americans were lead (forced?) to victory by General Andrew Jackson
The battle continued even after the war ended because word did not reach the Americans for several weeks
What does this do for Jackson?

The Treaty of Ghent
December 1815-met in Ghent, Belgium
Results of the war:
1) Britain and America
became better allies
2) America gained respect
from other countries
3) Age of Jackson
Francis Scott Key: American lawyer and prisoner of the British
Saw an American flag flying over Ft. McHenry after the battle
The flag inspired Key to write “The Star-Spangled Banner”
Election of 1808
James Madison Democratic-Republican
Spring of 1812 Madison gets Congress to declare war against GB
Full transcript