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Louisiana Chapter 10
Transcript of Louisiana Chapter 10
I. The Road to War
A. States Rights-some states believed that they could overrule actions of the national government.
B. The South's economy was reliant on slavery
1. Slavery was a point of conflict in western expansion
Bell Ringer 1
1. What do you think caused the Civil War?
2. What was an effect of the Civil War?
3. Who was the president during the Civil War?
4. Which side was Louisiana on during the Civil War?
5. About what year did the Civil War start?
Keep your notes out and turn to page 273
I. Uncle Tom's Cabin
A. anti-slavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
B. Had a huge impact on the slave debate
C. Seen by southerners as innaccurate
II. Political Parties and Sectionalism
A. Americans began siding with their "section," north or south
III. Election of 1860
A. Lincoln won with the new Republican Party
1. "free soil, free labor, free men"
2. was not even on the ballot in 15 states
IV. Louisiana Secedes
A. Governor Moore began to move the state towards secession by seizing federal facilities along the river
B. Still unclear whether the people wanted to secede
C. Many believed they could defeat the North quickly with better soldiers.
D. January 26, 1861-6th state to join the CSA (Confederate States of America)
I. Start of War
A. South Carolina tried to seize Ft. Sumter in Charleston
B. General Beauregard from Louisiana ordered the first attack of the Civil War on the fort when it refused to surrender
C. In response, Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to put down the rebellion
II. Volunteers and Conscripts
A. Many men eagerly joined early on
B. Major Chatham Roberdeau Wheat organized one of the first units from Louisiana
1. Soldier of Fortune: someone fighting for profit
C. The "Fighting Tigers"
1. 500 men, mostly Irish and German immigrants from New Orleans.
2. Known for being fierce fighters, but unruly and heavy drinkers
Bell Ringer 3
1. What term refers to the belief that states should be able to overrule laws of the national government?
2. Who were abolitionists?
3. What is emancipation?
4. What compromise set a boundary where slavery would not be allowed?
5. What law in the Compromise of 1850 especially angered northerners?
D. Enthusiasm for war declined as casualties increased
E. Conscription Act: Set up a draft (compulsory enlistment) for all men 18-35
1. People with critical jobs, owned at least 20 slaves, or were wealthy enough to pay someone else were exempt (excused)
2. The war became known as "a rich man's struggle but a poor man's fight."
III. The War Comes Home
A. The Battle of Shiloh was commanded by Beauregard
1. 23,000 casualties
B. The union used a blockade stop supplies from reaching the confederacy
1. New Orleans and the Mississippi had been effectively blockaded
C. On April 24, 1862, Admiral David Farragut broke through Louisiana's forts on the Mississippi and captured New Orleans
Bell Ringer 8
1. What was the confiscation Act?
2. What law made signs of disrespect towards union soldiers illegal?
3. What nickname was given to General Butler by the people of New Orleans?
4. How did Butler view the schools in New Orleans?
5. Who replaced Butler?
V. The Anaconda Plan
A. The union plan to divide, starve out, and conquer the south
B. Taking the Miss. River cut off Texas, Arkansas, and LA from the rest of the Confederacy
C. General Banks eventually took control of all South Louisiana including the new state capitol, Opelousas.
II. Shortages and Sacrifices
A. Union blockade created shortages
B. Basic goods were expensive and money became inflated.
D. "Confederate Products":Poor replacements for the real thing
E. People began trying to produce things for themselves like they had in the past.
III. Freeing the Slaves
A. At first, slaves were told to return to the plantations.
B. Confiscation Act-Property of rebels could be seized by the government, including slaves.
C. Camps were set up for freed slaves
1. Very poor conditions
D. Some were paid to work on plantations for the army
E. Emancipation Proclamation
1. slaves within rebelling states were freed
2. Made slavery the main issue of the war
3. kept Britain out of the war
F. Louisiana's Native Guards
1. Free people color
2. Formed at the Battle of New Orleans, 1815
3. At first defended New Orleans from the union but joined the union after the city fell
G. General Butler and the union army were often prejudice towards black soldiers and officers.
1. They needed more soldiers
2. Allowed freed slaves to fight after the Emancipation Proclamation
3. Corps d'Afrique was their name
Bell Ringer 13
1. What port city did General Butler occupy for the union?
2. What union admiral led a fleet to attack New Orleans from the Gulf?
3. What series of battles caused the union to lose 1,500 soldiers?
4. What was the significance of the Battle of Vicksburg?
5. What general from Louisiana warned the confederacy that New Orleans needed to be protected?
IV. Life in Occupied New Orleans
A. General Benjamin Butler was in charge of New Orleans for most of the war.
B. He ruled harshly, hanging a man for tearing down an American flag.
C. People placed his picture in chamber pots
D. Ordered soldiers not to do anything to people's private property.
E. He kept the city clean and fed.
1. "Broom Battalion"
F. Eventually replaced by General Banks
Think, Pair, Share
1. Do you think that the "scorched earth policy" is justifiable? Why?
2. What would an alternative to this strategy have been?
3. What would you have done if you were a soldier and saw other soldiers looting?
Bell Ringer 14
1. What is "scorched earth" in war?
2. What problems did freed slaves face?
3. Who were Jayhawkers?
4. What is guerilla warfare?
5. What act said that any rebel property could be seized?
Bell Ringer 9
1. Who was governor at the start of the Civil War?
2. What different places was the state capitol located during the war?
3. What was chicory used for?
4. What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
5. Name 2 effects that the war had on Louisiana.
I. Wartime Governments
A. LA had two state governments during the Civil War.
1. The Union
2. The Confederacy
II. Government in Union-occupied Louisiana
A. Once 10 percent of voters pledged loyalty elections could happen.
B. Michael J. Hahn-elected governor
1. Replaced the military governor
C. Lincoln hoped to show how peaceful transition could take place
III. Government in Confederate Louisiana
A. Capitol moved several times
1. Baton Rouge-Opelousas-Shreveport
2. Avoided union troops
B. Raising money
1. sold bonds
2. created an income tax
C. Henry Watkins Allen
1. wounded confederate officer who took control of LA
2. kept the people fed and smuggled goods to sell
D. Louisiana had become cut off from the rest of the Confederacy
1. Focused on supplying its own people
2. Created programs to keep citizens from starving
IV. The War Ends
A. April 9, 1865, General Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia
B. West of the Miss. Confederates surrendered in June.
C. More than 600 skirmishes or battles took place in LA.
Bell Ringer 15
1. Who was elected president in 1860?
2. What siege along the Mississippi gave the union control of the river?
3. Who was the candidate of the Northern Democrats in 1860?
4. What were the locations of the confederate capital in LA?
5. Who was the union general in charge of New Orleans?
Bell Ringer 16
1. What were the 2 main causes of the Civil War?
2. What event sparked secession?
3. What battle was the final step for the union to take the Mississippi?
4. What were "Confederate Products?"
5. What resource on Avery Island provided the confederacy a way to preserve meat?
Bell Ringer 17
1. What event sparked secession?
2. What was the Missouri Compromise?
3. Who was the greatest southern general?
4. Who was the greatest northern general?
5. What years did the Civil War begin and end?
Bring something to study before the test.
Bring something to do after the test. Remeber your history booklet is due tomorrow.
Bell Ringer 7
1. What Admiral took New Orleans?
2. What is a blockade?
3. Who led the fighting tigers?
4. What law required men age 18-35 to serve in the military?
5. What Confederate general from Louisiana ordered the attack on Fort Sumter?
Your group will be given several vocabulary words from chapter 10.
You must create a 2-3 minute skit, using your assigned vocabulary words.
Your words must be spoken at some point during the skit AND the topic of your skit must help viewers understand the word's meanings better.
Bring bell ringer
Bring something to study
Bring something to do quietly after the test
Bell Ringer 2
Read pages 268-270 and answer the following questions.
1. How many slaves did Kate's family own?
2. What is secession?
3. How many of her brothers died?
4. What is emancipation?
5. What invention allowed instant communication over great distances?
1. Partner up.
2. One of you will read page 273 and be able to explain...
- What the Missouri Compromise decided regarding slavery
-What states were added to the union
-What the Wilmot Proviso was and what happened to it.
3. The other will read page 274 and be able to explain...
-The 5 parts of the Compromise of 1850
-What people's reaction was to the compromise
Group Civil War Timeline/Artistic Extravaganza
1. Choose at least 20 events
a. Must include causes of the Civil War, Major Events of the Civil War, and Effects of the Civil War.
b. Must have at least 5 from each of the 3 categories
c. Make sure the categories are labeled or differentiated by color
2. Plan out your sheet to include large drawings of the events. You could either draw small images for many events or huge images depicting themes of the Civil War, before, during, and after.
3. Assign different roles within the group so that everyone is working. These roles can be traded off if people want to take part in different things. Please be honest about yours and others' gifts when choosing what to work on.
List the 5 parts of the Compromise of 1850 for today's bellringer
Bell Ringer 5
1. What did the Missouri Compromise do?
2. What was the Wilmot Proviso?
3. Why was Uncle Tom's Cabin so important?
4. What was the sectional divide of the nation before the Civil War and what was a major differing belief between those sections?
5. In how many states was Lincoln not even on the ballot in the election of 1860?
Bell Ringer 6
1. Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin?
2. What are state's rights?
3. What part of the Compromise of 1850 do you think made the North most angry?
4. Which part of the Compromise of 1850 do you think the South would have like the least?
5. What became the name of the nation formed by seceded states?
Turn to page 280
IV. General Butler takes command
A. Farragut left to take Baton Rouge
B. Butler put slaves and civilians to work cleaning New Orleans
C. Union soldiers were treated with contempt by the city's occupants
1. Butler's General Order #28 banned any sign of disrespect towards union officers
(Read order #28)
D. Nurseries of Treason
1. schools taught Confederate patriotism and were shut down.
2. teachers had to swear loyalty to the union
3. many parents kept students home
E. Confiscation Act
1. Allowed the union to take property belonging to anyone supporting the Confederacy. Troops would often feed themselves this way.
2. Butler became known as "Beast Butler"
F. Butler's Removal
1. Did not get along with foreign consuls
2. Accused of allowing his brother to profiteer (making unfair profit) during the war
3. Replaced by General Nathaniel Banks
D. The Siege at Port Hudson
1. Confederates held out against a larger union force for 3 attacks.
2. Banks decided to lay siege, which last for 48 days
1. Fort kept union boats from using the Mississippi
2. Grant marched troops for 100 miles to lay siege to Vicksburg
3. The defenders surrendered after hiding in caves and eating anything they could to survive