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Comparing the Sacred Texts of Different Relgions
Transcript of Comparing the Sacred Texts of Different Relgions
Between Catholics and other people of different religious beliefs, there are many similarities that allow us to have a bit of understanding of one another. But, there are also many differences that make each religion unique.
There are many religions today that strive to find the common good in the individual. People of different religions are constantly trying to improve their spirituality through rituals and teachings of their own sacred texts. Through the practice of their own religion, people strive to find their own paths to spirituality and are willing to keep searching for their purpose (treasure) in life.
Comparing Judaism and Christianity
Hinduism is another "old" religion with origins tracing back to as much as 4000 years. It is one of the top 3 most followed religions in the world, with many followers residing in southeast asia (mainly in India). The sacred text in Hinduism is the Vedas, which is a collection of 4 separate texts. These texts include important philosophies, knowledge, rituals, poems, and hymns. Hindus believe that God is a limitless entity that resides throughout the entire universe in the manifestation of a single "Brahma". However, it is mainly a polytheistic religion (many gods), because of the belief in as many as a few million gods (varies from god of money, god of nature, etc.). Brahma is believed to exist in three forms: Brahma - Creator, Vishnu - Preserver, and Shiva - Destroyer or Redeemer. The Vedas, the Hindus' sacred text reveals to the Hindus that man reincarnates multiple times until they become one with Brahma. They also guide the Hindus to be able to live moral lives by showing compassion for one another and living a just life. The purpose of each individual in their belief, is for the soul to merge with God. The Vedas also gives the Hindus insight to living a moral life by teaching them how to be hardworking, polite, and honest.
Buddhism is one of the largest religions with over 300 million people. Its founder is Siddhartha Gautama. He was the son of a ruler and was confined in his kingdom. Later however, he was able to venture out to the outside world where he saw suffering, which led to a foundation in his teaching, the four noble truths: 1. The truth of suffering
2. The truth of the cause of suffering
3. The truth of the end of suffering
4. The truth of the path that leads us from suffering
The Buddhists' sacred text is the Sutra. Like the Catholic Bible, the Sutras is a collection of teachings from their main prophet, the Buddha. It includes teachings that helps its readers to find the path to the end of suffering, their purpose in life.
Sikhism is ranked 5th in the world for most followed. It is one of the younger religions compared to Christianity and Judaism. Sikhism has its own sacred text which is called Guru Granth Sahib", which is a collection of teachings from gurus or prophets of the religion. Sikhism has its shares of similarities with the Catholic religion. First of all, Sikhism is based on the teachings of the ten gurus (much like an equivalent to a prophet in Catholic religion). They follow their teachings, and believe them to be the key to finding a path to their spirituality. Another similarity includes the fact that Sikhs have a group of sins called "The Five sins of Ego" which include lust, greed, pride, anger, and attachment, much similar to the "Seven Deadly Sins" found in Catholic teachings (include lust, greed, pride, wrath, sloth, gluttony, envy). Teachings such as equality between people, and the belief of one God, are also similarities between Sikhism and Catholicism.
Comparing the Sacred Texts of Different Relgions
[World Religions Project]
Compare and Contrast of Two Religions (Judaism vs. Christianity)
- Both religions believe in the word of the Old Testament/Tanakh
- Both religions believe in one God (are monotheistic)
- The goals of both religions include being a servant to God and following His commandments
- both religions have origins to Abraham (Abrahamic religions)
- ceremonies such as marriage are believed to be sacred in both religions, and are treated as such
- Jews do not believe that Jesus is the Messiah, while Christians/Catholics, believe him to be our Savior or Messiah
- Jews believe that God is of one entity, while most Christians and Catholic groups believe in the Holy Trinity (God being in the form of the Holy Spirit, The Father, and The Son).
Comparing Christianity and Buddhism
- both religions believe the human life to be highly valuable
- the value of reciprocity is shared between both religions. It is better known as the Golden Rule: "do unto others as you would have liked done to you"
- Buddhism is a non theistic religion, meaning that it does not focus on any particular god at all, while Christianity/Catholicism focuses on one God in the Holy Trinity.
- Buddhism believes that the purpose of one's life is to end suffering, while the purpose of life to Catholics (as taught to us) is to live, share our gifts with each other, and to spread the word of God.
Introduction: Finding One's Spirituality
In the world today, there are many religions that are present in trying to find true spirituality in the human being. Humans are naturally spiritual beings with a longing for God. Humans long for growth in their spirituality and try to find out ways to understand their humanity. This is how the different religions were born. Many people strive to find their own spirituality in their own separate ways with the guidance of their sacred texts.
The Catholic Scriptures (The Bible) is our sacred text that includes all of the teachings of God through his prophets such as Moses, Jesus, etc. In the Bible, there are specific texts that outline a guide to moral living such as the Ten Commandments and the Beatitudes. Through these texts in the Bible, we strive to live a moral life. We use the teachings in these texts such as "Though shall not kill" and "Love thy neighbor as one would love thyself". These teachings give us a better understanding of how to live a moral life and how to live according to God's will. Throughout the world, there are many religions other than Catholicism that share similarities in teachings and ways of life, while having their own unique teachings (from their own sacred texts). Some of these religions include Judaism,
Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
Judaism is one of the first and oldest monotheistic religions in the world (which means a religion that believes in one God). Judaism traces its origins back about 3800 years ago to Abraham and Sarah, the patriarch and matriarch of a people called the "Hebrews". The sacred text of the Jews include the Talmud and the Torah with Torah being the first of the five books written by Moses, a primary prophet in Judaism. To the Jews, the Torah acts as a guide to moral living and helps them to understand how to go about God's laws, as Moses did in his time.
Islam is one of the largest religions in the world, only behind Christianity. Islam has a few similarities with Catholicism. The sacred texts for Muslims include the Quran and the Hadith. These books teach and illustrate Islamic beliefs, values, and practices. They are believed to be the word of Allah, revealed to Mohammad, their main prophet.Muslims believe that Allah is the creator of the universe and is all-powerful (a similar description to that of God in the Bible). The Five Pillars in Islam proves as a guide for Muslims on how they shall live, such as fasting, prayer, and pilgrimage to Mecca. Like some of the other religions, Islam seeks Muslims to show compassion with another and to treat each other justly.
Comparing Christianity and Sikhism
- Sikhs and Christians alike believe in doing good deeds as being the right thing to do.
- Both believe in the equality between each individual human being
- Sikhs believe in reincarnation while Christians do not
- Sikhs reject rituals and ceremonies of the like, such as fasting and animal sacrifice, all of which are mentioned in the Christian Bible
Compare and Contrast (Christianity vs. Hinduism
- a traditional similarity is that both religions encourage the practice of fasting
- both religions have a common belief of acting in just and compassionate ways
- Christians/Catholics believes in one God (who is the Holy Trinity), while Hindus are polytheistic, believing in multiple gods.
- Hindus believe mankind to be divine, while Christians do not
- Hindus believe in the concept of reincarnation, while Christians/Catholics believe in one eternal life.
Comparing Christianity and Islam
- Both religions believe in the Judgement Day
- both believe in the concepts of heaven and hell
- Christianity and Islam also believe in one God (He is called Allah in Islam)
- Christians believe God to be the Holy Trinity while the Muslims reject this idea, and that there is only ONE God.
- Original sin is a concept that is unique to Christians. In Islam, it is considered unfair and unjust to judge someone based on an other's sins as Allah would judge them by.
Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2 billion followers of many different groups.
The sacred text of Christians is the Holy Bible. The Holy Bible today, is the world's highest selling book and outlines the beliefs and values of each Christian individual. It has been written by many prophets through the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Through parables, stories, and psalms, Christians can interpret what God wants for each and every one of us. The main beliefs of Catholics are included in the Apostles' Creed, the The Commandments and the Beatitudes. They include a profession of our faith, and allows us to understand how to live a moral life. The Holy Bible, as well as many other books branched from this classic (such as Theology of the Body, and other religious educational material), provide us a way to find our way in living a just life. It also helps us to grow closer to God so that one day we may join him in heaven.