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Transcript of CURRICULUM
Singapore Math and Finnish Curriculum
What is Curriculum?
"the courses offered by an educational institution"
Standards vs. Curriculum
- expectations, what is to be learned
decision made at the state level.
- Program to designed to teach the standards,
decision made on local level
Example: Standard- "students should know 2+2=4
Curriculum- " Here is how we are going to teach the student that 2+2=4"
Bentley, M. L., Christine, E., & Edward S., E. I. (2013, July 19). Curriculum definition . Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/curriculum-definition/
Why do we have Curriculum?
engages students in hands on learning using objects such as paper clips or dice
in the pictorial stage, students draw pictures (most commonly "bar models") to help them visualize the problems they're solving
the abstract step involves students solving math problems in a more "abstract" way using more numbers and symbols
they go over fewer topics but cover these topics in greater detail
concrete, pictorial and abstract
from a young age Finnish students are taught math in ways similar to the concrete stage used in Singapore Math
"It's a different way of conceptualizing math when you do it this way instead of using pen and paper, and it goes straight to the brain," says Veli-Matti Harjula (3rd through 6th grade teacher in Finland)
Curriculum in the U.S.
the main focus in Finland's schools is not simply mastering material but learning how to learn
Finnish students also learn a multitude of subjects through the study of nature and life
Finland also has one of the shortest school days. They believe that this allows their students to focus more because they are in school for a shorter amount of time
TYPICAL LONG DIVISION METHOD
SINGAPORE LONG DIVISION METHOD
Ohio Math Curriculum
Ohio educators write the math model curriculum to support learning standards
In October 2013 standards were changed for third grade math such as
Make sense of a problem and persereve in solving them
Reason abstractly and quantitatively
Use appropriate tools strategically
The purpose of the new curriculum document is to provide instruction strategies and resources of the teachers.
*involves teaching a new mathematical concept every day and constantly reviewing old concept
*after the Sputnik crisis in order to boost science education and mathematical skill in the population so that the perceived intellectual threat of Soviet engineers, reputedly highly skilled mathematicians, could be met.
* American schools began to use textbooks based on set theory
*process of solving an algebraic equation required a parallel account of axioms in use for equation transformation.
*Binary numbers and duodecimals were new math to the students and their parents.
*Teaching Cramer's rule for solving linear equations, then new math may include matrix multiplication to introduce linear algebra.
Students have time to understand and practice the lesson
Students have time to practice and master previous concepts
Students are ready for high stakes assessments
Campbell, K. (2013, June 3). Common core fact of the day: Standards v. curriculum - see more at. Retrieved from http://excelined.org/2013/06/common-core-fact-of-the-day-standards-v-curriculum/