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Chapter 1: Group Dynamics

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by

Jilian McGugan

on 28 June 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 1: Group Dynamics

Chapter 1: Group Dynamics
How to Create an Effective Group:
Guideline 1: Establish clear, operational, and relevant group goals that create positive interdependence and evoke a high level of commitment from every member.

Guideline 2: Establish effective two way communication by which group members communicate their ideas and feelings accurately and clearly.

Guideline 3: Ensure that leadership and participation are distributed among all group members.

Guideline 4: Ensure that power is distributed among group members and that patterns of influence vary according to the needs of the group.

Guideline 5: Match decision-making procedures with the needs of the situation.

Guideline 6: Engage in constructive controversy by disagreeing and challenging one another's conclusions and reasoning

Guideline 7: Face your conflicts and resolve them in constructive ways.
Constructive Controversy
How do we remain effective if we have controversy
Set of rules that require us to listen to each other
Remain objective
How to change our mind when our idea isn't what's best for the group
By: Jilian, Heather, Sandra , and Jessica
What do YOU consider a Group?
Individuals on a Plane?
Executive Board?
Religious Groups?
Sports Fans?
Dictionary Definition: a number of persons or things regarded as forming a unit on account of any kind of mutual or common relation or classified together on account of a common degree of similarity
Different Types of Groups:
Pseudo-group - members assigned to work together but have no interest in doing so (ex. a sales team)
Traditional work group - members assigned to work together and accept it (ex. a study group)
Effective group - members who commit to maximizing their own and one another's success
High-performance group - meets all the criteria for an effective group and outperforms all reasonable expectations, given its membership
Groups and Quality of Life
Understanding group dynamics is central to maintaining a viable family.
Knowledge of group dynamics is central to effective business and industries.
Understanding group dynamics is central to education
Knowledge of group dynamics is central to the long-term maintenance of psychological health

Knowing group dynamics theory and having small group skills can change your life by...

*having a greater career success
*improving friendships
*leading to more caring and loving family relationships and greater competence as parents
*promoting greater psychological health and increased ability to cope with stress and adversity
Group Structure

Two aspects of group interaction are especially important to understanding how a group is structured: differentiated roles and integrating norms.

Roles
Expectations defining the appropriate behavior of an occupant of a position toward other related positions.

EX: President, Vice President, secretary

Norms
Common beliefs regarding group members’ appropriate behavior, attitudes, and perceptions, rules that regulate the behavior of group members.

EX. Promptness, courtesy, responsibility

Roles vs. Norms:


Each member plays a different role

Teacher vs. student



Norms: rules that are established by each member of the group

Student giving the courtesy to a teacher to speak during a lecture

The History of Group Dynamics:


Only about 110 years old in North America

Kurt Lewin (Most important figure)

His work shows the interrelationships between knowledge of group dynamics and actual small groups.


Floyd Allport
Argued that groups not deserving of study
Focus on the individual, in order to explain functioning of the group
Most groups now are studied with individual members as the unit of analysis

What Makes A Group?
Goals
Interdependence
Perception
Mutual influence
Motivation
What is a Group?
Full transcript