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The Jarawa Tribe
Transcript of The Jarawa Tribe
Emily Klepczarek &
Rhiannon Smith The Jarawa Tribe Life before colonisation Before the 19th Century they were located in the southeast part of South Andaman.
When white people settled in the area the numbers of the Jarawa people decreased, mostly from disease.
They live in approximately 650 square km of land.
The surrounding sea was rich in marine life as the forests are devoid of large wildlife.
Migration of the tribes on the Andamans has been by crossing the sea using the Islands as stepping stones.
Different tribes on the Island traded fish for wild berries and honey and were interactive with the other tribes.
The Jarawa tribe believed that they belonged to the land and were free to fish and catch what they needed.
Before colonisation the Jarawa tribe was free to roam the Andaman Islands without worrying about illnesses and diseases but that all changed in 1789. The Jarawa people are a small society of hunters and gatherers who live on the isolated Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal India. Their present population is estimated between 250-350 people. The ancestors of the Jarawa and the other tribes of the Andaman Islands are thought to have been part of the first successful human migrations out of Africa. Several hundred thousand Indian settlers now live on the islands, vastly outnumbering the tribes. The Jarawa hunt pig and monitor lizard, fish with bows and arrows, and gather seeds, berries and honey. They are nomadic, living in bands of 40-50 people. In 1998, some Jarawa started coming out of their forest to visit nearby towns and settlements for the first time. A brief history of the Indigenous people •'Towa' has a shape of an arrow with no stick but has a width of 4-6 inches. They keep Towa in their waist guard known as 'tohe'.
•Their iron edge tied with wooden handle is called 'toub' by which they mainly make bow shape in wood.
•The Jarawa engrave geometric designs on their bow with an iron knife.
•'Thom' is a Jarawa word for pointed iron arrow, which is generally 10-12 cm in length. •Thosulatetotoha is an iron arrow head while its supporting stick or shaft is called 'thene' or 'thenang' by the Jarawa. To sharpen the edge of their weapons and implements they use stone called 'Ulli'.
• Their digging stick of iron is called 'wohen' while bucket of taung peing wood is called 'uhuo'. They call their basket 'taj', which they use cane to make.
•They collect nylon nets from the sea shore and shallow water to make small net bags to store their fish and collected stuff. They also construct their fishsing hand net with bark, bamboo and cane and call it 'potochehut'.
•Their indigenous knife made of stone is called 'ulihe'. Their indigenous torch (tuhu-ga), is made with 'dhup' (canarium euphyllam) and dhani leaves. Tools and way of life Before the 19th century, the Jarawa homelands were located in the southeast part of the Andaman Islands. In 1789 British settlement largely decimated the Jarawan population by disease, alcoholism and destruction leaving the western areas open where the Jarawa people gradually made their new homeland.
By 1997 the Jarawa people vigorously maintained their independence and distance from external groups, actively discouraging most raids and attempts at contact. In 1998, they became in contact with the outside world and have increasingly been the choosers of such contact. All contact, especially with tourists, remains extremely dangerous to the Jarawa due to the risk of disease. Impacts of colonisation Thank you The indigenous people today Fact file By Olivia Blunden •Total population: approx. 250-400.
•The Jarawa are a small society of hunter-gatherers who live on the isolated Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal India.
•The tribe had little real contact with the outside world until 1998 when growing numbers of Indian settlers began to creep into their forest home.
•For centuries the Jarawa tribe were notorious for using bows and arrows to kill all intruders into their jungle home.
•Tourists are not supposed to enter the reserve or have any contact with the tribe as they can bring diseases to which the Jarawa have no immunity.
•The Jarawas who live in the rainforests hunt wild pigs, monitor lizards, fish and gather fruits and berries. Their lives are synchronised with the environment around them.
•As nomadic tribes who depend on hunting, fishing and gathering activities, their traditional food articles consist of wild boar, turtles and their eggs, crabs and other shore animals, fruits like jackfruit and honey.
•They call themselves 'Ya-eng-nga' which, means 'human being'. •Since 1998, they have been in increasing contact with the outside world. All contact, especially with tourists, remains extremely dangerous to the Jarawa due to the risk of disease.
•Once they were feared warriors, now the Jarawa can be found around the roadside waiting to beg for biscuits and cakes from tourists.
•Children loiter by the road and men sometimes try to trade wild honey they have gathered for packets of biscuits.
•There are about 400 Jarawas living today.
•Neither women nor men wear any clothes, they walk around naked with some type of accessory.