Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Sociolinguistics & Dialectology

Introduction to the course (LIN 310/610), including syllabus and general expectations; Chapter 1 (Introduction) of An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (Wardhaugh & Fuller 2015).
by

Tiffany Judy

on 17 January 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Sociolinguistics & Dialectology

Variation
In what ways do languages vary?
Boundaries of Sociolinguistics
According to Hudson (1996, p. 4),
sociolinguistics
is "the study of language in relation to society" whereas
the sociology of language
is "the study of society in relation to language."
Two fundamentals to "the study of language in relation to society":
Knowledge of Language
What does it mean to know a language?
Language & Culture
What is the relationship between linguistic items and social concepts?
Sociolinguistics & Dialectology
Chomsky & Labov
Theory
Competence
Commonalities
Factors
Identity
Important Points
Correlation ≠ Causation
Critical
Throughout the semester, question the RQs and data presented to you. Are there flaws? Other possible interpretations?
Sounds/Signs
Phonotactics
Morphology
Lexicon
Syntax
Semantics
Discourse/Pragmatics
Intonation
Onset:
str
ap,
scr
ap,*
lts
a, *
rcs
a
Coda: *a
str
, *a
scr
, sa
lts
, a
rcs
hello
Adjective

Noun
happy happiness
grumpy grumpiness
red redness
blue blueness




brackish briny
Pat hugs Sammy.
Sammy hugs Pat.
*Hugs Pat Sammy.
*Hugs Sammy Pat.
*Pat Sammy Hugs.
*Sammy Pat Hugs.
"Billy's favorite season is summer because Billy can play outside more. During the summer, Billy really enjoys playing ball and sometimes Billy rides his bike. Most of all, Billy likes not having to go to school."
A: So, tell me about your date last night!
B. Well, the food was good.
All of this is largely abstract and unconscious knowledge!
Sounds/Signs
Phonotactics
Morphology
Lexicon
Syntax
Discourse/Pragmatics
Intonation
Do single-style speakers
(W&F p. 5-6) exist?
Is variation unbounded?
Group Membership
Power
Solidarity
No, there are limits to variation which can be predicted and described. It is also the case that certain linguistic properties simply do not vary (e.g. The gray house vs. *The house gray.)
Most likely they do not. But, does this pose a problem for theoretical linguistics and the concept of 'categorical rules' given the two previous points? Are you bi/multilingual?
cat

She quickly learned to conduct experiments.
She learned quickly to conduct experiments.
She learned to quickly conduct experiments.
She learned to conduct experiments quickly.
Y.O.L.O.
The apple bites the man.
Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. (Chomsky 1957)
Use
Performance
Variation
What is it?
"linguistic construction of membership in one or more social groups or categories"
(Kroskrity 2000, p. 111)
"dynamically constructed aspects which emerge through discourse and social behavior"

(W&F 2015, p. 7)

It can change. Language is an indicator.
What groups do we belong to?
How can group membership affect our identity?
What do we
do
to belong to groups?
"the ability to control events in order to achieve one's aims" (Tollefson 2006, p. 46)
"the control someone has over the outcomes of others" (Myers-Scotton 2006, p. 199)
How are language and power intertwined?
"refers to the motivations which cause individuals to act together and feel a common bond which influences their social actions."
(W&F 2015, p. 9)
Consider: What can we do at WFU to increase solidarity among the various groups?
Whorfian Hypothesis
(1) Social structure influences linguistic structure and/or behavior
(2) Linguistic structure influences/determine social structure
(3) The influence is bidirectional.
(4) There is no relationship between the two.
(5) Too early to tell.
Methodological Concerns
Throughout the course, we will delve deeper into the field of
sociolinguistics (and its subfields)
. For now, this distinction is sufficient.
(1) good research questions (RQs)
(2) the right data
What type of data is appropriate? What methodological design is appropriate?
Ch. 1 Introduction
Thank you!
What's the danger in this hypothesis?
Full transcript