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Unit 1 definitions Jackson Fuller

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Jackson Fuller

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Unit 1 definitions Jackson Fuller

Uruk
A city in ancient Mesopotamia which Gilgamesh ruled over in 2750 B.C.E
Culture
The arts of human experience and intelligence
Hominid
An animal belonging to a family of human and human-like creatures
Paleolithic

A period of human development before the age of agriculture
Neolithic
Described as the new stone age when agriculture was developed
Ancient Definitions
Semitic
The ancient nomadic herders that relate to the Semites
Gilgamesh

The famous and legendary king of Uruk, an ancient Mesopotamian city state (ca. 3000 B.C.E)
Hammurabi
The ancient Babylonian king who implanted Hammurabi s code of law
Homo sapiens
The next evolution of human that had lager brains and used advanced tools (they appeared about 250,000 years ago)
Moments from the earliest points in history Part 1
Part 2 Ancient Mesopotamian Blog
Hello my name is Abiditan and I am from Mesopotamia. I am 34 years old and I have lived here all my life. Six years ago a man named Hammurabi became king and implemented over 200 very strict laws. Most of them involve death (well all of them in this case) and life has been very different since he came. Just last week actually one of my friends was accused of stealing something from an old woman's house and unfortunately he had to be sent to the river to see if he actually did it…. and he didn't come out. I think a lot of these laws are horribly unfair, Like the thing that happened to my friend, if you can't swim then you won't come out of the water even if you didn't commit the crime. See how that works? I

also think that Hammurabi is a bit of a psychopath. Who thinks up laws that all involve death? That doesn't seem normal to me. And I lost my dad ufortunatly because his friend's house caught on fire and he was trying to save his friends painting. But when he came out with it everybody thought he was trying to steal it and he got killed. I have also been trying to have a meeting with Hammurabi to try and make him change just a few of the laws. But no that would be too easy. Well maybe with luck he’ll break one of his own laws and be sentenced to death. But I’m sure that would never happen. I’ll just have to wait for it to happen naturally. Well that's my blog for this week, see you guys next week!

This blog has been translated into 21st century terms
We learned many things about Babylonian culture through the laws of Hammurabi. One thing we learned was that their culture must have been organized and orderly since if you broke any law it meant death. I think the laws were very effective in maintaining order, since the laws, I'm sure promoted much fear. But I do not think the laws were very fare. If you stole something while Hammurabi's laws were in effect you would most likely be scheduled for death. But in modern times if you stole something you would most likely go to jail for a short time (depending on what you stole).

If I could revise two laws in Hammurabi's code it would be the law where if you steal something from someone's house while its on fire you die and if you are caught stealing something then you are killed. For the first one I would make it a bit more fair and have a trail instead of immediately putting the person to death. And who knows maybe the person that was trying to take the object out of the house was for the owner. As to the second law, I would make it a lot like the law we have now for breaking into someones house; if the robber is caught breaking in and stealing then the owner has the right to kill or incapacitate that person. But if I had the ability to revise all of Hammurabi’s laws I would make them much more fair (and take out a lot of the death associated with them).

Hammurabi's Code of Law
Primeval
Active Reading Notes
Gilgamesh (5th king of the city Uruk)
Ruled over 2750
he was the most familiar individual in Mesopotamian society
Page 5: Gilgamesh
Page 6: The Transition to Agriculture
Humans began to domesticate plants and animals
Lead to Urban centers
Page 7: The Neolithic Era
There were many changes after the domestication of plants and animals
Real domestication begins. Instead of killing animals on the spot, people captured them and bread
Quick Writes
The people in Mesopotamia had implanted very advanced structures in their farming techniques. Since they did not get much rain they had to use near by rivers for watering crops. But instead of watering them by hand they used irrigation systems that were connected to the river. Because of this new irrigation system they could grow many plants and sometimes they would have a surplus. If the did have a surplus that meant they could have time to work on things other than farming like pottery, metallurgy, and textile production.


In Class Notes
Babyalon had huge defense walls to defend against outside invaders
They said that the walls were so thick that a four horse chariot could turn around on it
They also had beautiful hanging gardens that told people how wealthy they were
Full transcript