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American Secret Slang

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by

Clint Kenney

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of American Secret Slang

American Secret Slang
American Wars
The words you will be informed of in this section are:

~gung ho
~FLAK
~basket case
~over the top
~sideburns
Gung Ho
In Mandarin Chinese, gung ho means to work together. When the U.S. went to war with the Chinese, we admired the way the people in the Chinese navy yards working together. While the U.S. was still at war with China, a man named Carlson joined the American forces.
FLAK
In World War II, the Germans developed a weapon capable of shooting planes out of the sky. The Germans called it the
Fl
ugzeug-
A
bwehr-
K
anone. This translates to anti-aircraft gun in English. Therefore, the Germans gave the pilots lots of flak or a hard time.
Basket Case
Over the Top
In World War I, soldiers would be in trenches while fighting the enemy. At certain times, the general would blow a whistle or give a command for everyone to climb out of the trenches and go over the top to run across No Man's Land to get to the enemy.
What is the history behind some
of America's most used terms?
In this presentation, you will learn the origin of several of America's commonly used terms.
BY: Clay Kenney
Carlson
At the age of 14, Carlson ran away from home to try to join the army. He had to tricked the recruiters because he was under the age requirement. He was in the war for 5 years (age 19) and then was decommissioned. In 1917, Carlson reenlisted into the army but arrived to late to join in battle. Another five years later, (1922) Carlson is now 26 years old and joins the Marine Corps. After another 5 years, Carlson is deployed to Shanghai. In July 1937, Carlson had his third Chinese war tour. In 1941, Carlson joined the National Reserves. On February 19, 1942, a special forces regiment was made. It was called the 2nd Raider Battalion and their motto was Gung Ho. Carlson was put in charge of this group. Years later, a movie was made about the Raider Battalion which promoted the use of gung ho.
In World War I, doctors had minimal ways to deal with the stress caused by the war. The doctors would have these patients start weaving baskets to make them think of something besides the war.
Sideburns
Captain Ambrose Burnside had facial hair that was thin near the ears, thick on the cheeks, and thick under the nose. During the Civil War, this form of facial hair was called burnsides. After the war, it was renamed to sideburns.
In this section, you will be informed on terminology that we use from other countries' wars.
Foreign Wars
~hillbilly
~redneck
~how do you like them apples?
~Yankee
Hillbilly
In the 1600's, Scottish living in the highlands were called hill folk. The hill folk that supported their patron, King Billy, were called hill billy boys. Years later when the Scottish moved to America, we shorten the name to just hill billy.
How do you like them apples?
In World War I, the British developed a mortar shell that looked like a apple on a stick. It was called the toffee apple. Each time the soldiers shot it, they would yell "How do you like them apples?".
Redneck
In the 1600's, a religious war broke out in Scotland. It started with the Presbyterians against the King (Billy), when the Presbyterians signed letters to the king in their own blood declaring freedom. The rebels then wore red scarves around their necks as a sign of freedom. When they showed up in American, w called them rednecks because of the scarves they wore around their necks.
Yankee
When America declared independence from Britain, they called us Yankee's. This term meant stupid. Later, the British used the term Jan Kees to specifically describe the Dutch settlers of New York and Delaware. But the Dutch heard yankees, not jan kees. In the Civil War, the term Yankee included anyone over the Mason-Dixon line. In World War 1, the British called our troops Yankees but the people from the south would not tolerate having the same name of the people they just finished fighting.
Presidential Make-ups
In this section you will be learning about terms that presidents of the U.S.A. have made up.
These terms include:
~Throw your hat into the ring
~Stonewall
~The buck stops here
~Stump Speech

"Throw your hat into the ring"
In 1901, public boxing matches were held. At this time all guys wore hats. During some matches, the referee would ask for volunteers from the crowd to fight the champ. If you wanted to fight, you would throw your hat into the ring. Theodore Roosevelt made this term a political term describing politicians who jumped into the political race.
"Stonewall"
To stonewall something means to stick with it and to not give up. This term was first used by soldiers who described their commander, General Thomas Jackson, who fought off a Confederate attack. His troops said that he stood there like a stonewall. The press then used the term stonewalling to describe Richard Nixon, who was stonewalling his story after a scandal that ruined his presidency.
"The Buck Stops Here"
In poker, they used to pass around a buck knife. Who ever stopped the knife became the dealer, the buck stops there. Harry Truman was a big poker player and widely influenced this term. He even had signs made saying it.
"Stump Speech"
Politicians used to get on a stump to give speeches because they were easy to get on and you were then taller than everyone else. Theodore Roosevelt liked this term.
Four score and seven years ago...
Crime & Scandals
In this section you will learn about crime and scandals that have happened all across America over the years.

This section will include:
~The third degree
~Sing like a canary
~bootlegger
~up the river
~deadline
The Third Degree
When a mobster was caught, he would go through an interrogation. It would be steamy and hot like a hot fire (burns caused by heat are the 1st degree, 2nd, degree, and the 3rd degree). Therefore, they called intense interrogations the third degree.
Sing Like a Canary
This term came from New York around 1900's. It originated from criminals that ratted out others to the police. The criminals would "sing" to the cops and like a canary because they told as much as they could. Although, this term really became popular in 1941. In 1941, when a canary, Abe Reles, died in a suspicious fall from a hotel window. The press deemed it a canary that couldn't fly.
Bootlegger
The term bootlegger came around when a law was passed forbidding anyone to sell alcohol to one another or Indians. The people got around this law by making thin, glass bottles that would fit in their boots. They would then smuggle the alcohol to the Indians that way.
Up The River
This term comes from New York. Whenever a criminal or mobster was arrested, they would be put on a boat and taken 30 miles up river to the prison.
Deadline
This started as a line in the dirt, fence, or other marking that restricted prisoners in camps. Anyone who crossed the line could be killed. Then, the term deadline was used by newspaper companies to get the writers to turn their stories in on time.
Bibliography
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"Yankee Division in the First World War - Texas A&M University Consortium Press." Yankee Division in the First World War - Texas A&M University Consortium Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013.

Carlson, Evans F., USMC. "Carlson of The Raider Marines." AngleFIre. Netscape Navigator Gold, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.

Kenney, Clay B. "American Secret Slang." American Secret Slang. Prezi, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2013. <http://prezi.com/eyiofkodltvd/edit/#2_13696309>.

"Ideas Matter." Prezi.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://prezi.com/>.

"Carlson's Raiders." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 July 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlson's_Raiders>.

"History of the United States Marine Raider Museum." U.S. Marine Raiders. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.usmarineraiders.org/museumhistory.html>.

"Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en>.

"The Free Automatic Bibliography and Citation Generator." EasyBib. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.easybib.com/cite/view>.

"The Third Degree." The Third Degree. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/372300.html>.

"America's Secret Slang ~ Season 1, Episode 1 ~ Guns, Booze and Politics [Full Episode]." YouTube. YouTube, 23 July 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2013. <
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