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Poetry Unit

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Azzie Estrada

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of Poetry Unit

Sound & Sense Lit. L.A. pg 402
Poetry Unit
You are responsible for the following
during this unit:
* learning the forms/types of poems and
differentiating between them
* learning the vocabulary terms associated with
poetry
* recognizing the elements of poetry within poems
* write your own poetry along the way
* have fun!
Forms of Poetry
You Will Learn:
Poetry Defined:
1. The art of rhythmical composition, written or
spoken, for inciting pleasure with beautiful,
imaginative, or elevated thoughts

2. literary work in metrical form; verse
Lyric:
"Valentine for Ernest Mann"
Lit. L.A. pg 405-408
Lyric Poem:
- express feelings
- do not tell stories
- short in length
- imply rather than state directly
a single strong emotion.

Lyric
Narrative
Narrative:
"Paul Revere's Ride"
Lit. L.A. 409-414
Stanza: a group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit. (similar to a paragraph in an essay)
Narrative:
a poem that tells a story

Rhythm: the rise and fall of the voice, produced by sounds.

Meter: when sounds occur in a particular pattern.
Ballad
Ballad:
"The Cremation of Sam McGee"
Lit. L.A. 416-425
Ballad:
song or song-like poem
tells a story
usually about lost love, betrayal or death

Refrain: repeated sound, word,
phrase, line, or group of lines
Epic:
"Beowulf" & "Casey at the Bat"
Lit. L.A. 427-433
Epic:
a long narrative poem (a story)
Written in formal, elegant language
Tells about a series of quests undertaken by a great hero.

Simile: compares two unlike things using like, as, than, or resembles.
Metaphor: compares two unlike things directly.
Personification: giving a nonhuman or inanimate thing human or lifelike qualities.
Epic
Ode
Ode:
"Ode to Thanks"
Lit. L.A. 437-441
Ode:
long complex poem
celebrates, in elegant language, one person or thing

Rhyme: the repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them
in words that are close together
in a poem
Couplet: two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Sonnet
Sonnet:
"On the Grasshopper and the Cricket"
Lit. L.A. 442-445
Elegy:
"O Captain! My Captain!"
Lit. L.A. 446-449
Sonnet:
Fourteen line poem that is usually in iambic pentameter

Iambic pentameter:
line of poetry that contains five beats
starts with an unstressed syllable
unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
Elegy
Elegy:
a poem of mourning and grief
most elegies are written about someone who has died

Extended Metaphor: a metaphor
that is extended, or developed
over several lines or even throughout an entire piece.
Free Verse
Free Verse:
"I Hear America Singing" & "I Too"
Lit. L.A. pg 450-453
Free Verse:
does not follow a regular rhyme scheme or meter
does NOT mean that anything goes
poets rely on their sense of balance and measure to create rhythm

Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together.

Onomatopoeia: the use of words whose sounds that imitate or suggest their meaning.

Imagery: language that appeals to the sense.

Figures of Speech: a word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood as literally true.

Rhythm: a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition or certain other sound patterns.
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