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Singapore: Journey to Utopia
Transcript of Singapore: Journey to Utopia
Both a city and a sovereign state
Area of 246 square miles (1/5 the size of Rhode Island)
Population of 5.2 million
Labor force of 3.303 million, 80.3% in the service industry
Education on health topics has translated to a life expectancy of 79 for males and 84 for females.
Gained independence from Britain in 1965 Carolina Stark
Brittany Stahl Caroline Smith
Gillian Stoney Housing Formed in 1927, was the first organization to deal with homelessness issues
Slums were still rampant in 1950's with only 8.8% of the population living in SIT housing Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT) Housing and Development Board (HDB) In the 1960s, the Housing and Development Board (HDB) acted to provide adequate housing for the Singaporean populace. The HDB was supported by public funding but was run by a private developer, with certain exclusive rights allowing easy purchase and management of land.
HDB acquired land from private owners and built a variety of structures, including high density residential housing. HDB also had the power to manage commercial, recreational, and industrial land, further promoting the economic growth to sustain the program.
The HDB requires the buyers of a flat to be a permanent resident or citizen of Singapore. Public housing ranges in size from 3 room flats to mansions, varying widely in cost. The wide price range resulted in nearly 90% of the population living in high density housing estates by 2000.
As a result, homelessness is considerably less prevalent than in the past. Works Cited Brunn, Stanley D., Maureen Hays-Mitchell, and Donald J. Zeigler. Cities of the World: World Regional Urban Development. Lanham, MD.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012. Print.
Central Intelligence Agency. "Singapore." cia.gov. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 15 March 2011.
Nor-Afidah, Abd Rahman. Infopedia. Singapore. http://infopedia.nl.sg/articles/SIP_404_2005-01-18.html
United Nations Statistics Division; http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?q=Singapore&d=SNAAMA&f=grID%3A101%3BcurrID%3AUSD%3BpcFlag%3A1%3BcrID%3A702
http://www.eco-business.com/uncategories/singaporean-to-lead-efforts-on-food-security-poverty-reduction-through-rice-research/ Following independence, Singapore's first primary health care system started as a program to fight against tropical epidemic diseases.
A national health plan was developed and implemented in 1983.
Health care in the region now provides the population with primary healthcare, hospital care, long-term care and other integrated care.
As part of the national health plan, a program called Medisave was established in 1984. This program mandated that working citizens contribute a segment of their earnings to the healthcare expenditure.
Healthcare services and facilities are administered by the Ministry of Health.
Singapore's health system ranked 6 out of 191 nations in terms of healthcare efficiency.
2002 saw the development of the ElderShield plan. The main interest of the plan focused on the elderly and those seriously immobilized. • Cambodia could benefit from adopting a similar health care system to that of Singapore. The Medisave program benefits working citizens who contribute segments of their earnings to healthcare expenditure. Cambodian hospitals are modeled after those in other eastern and western countries that use a standardized healthcare system. Cambodia's healthcare system does little for its citizens; services are expensive and the availability of supplies is severely limited. With each geographic sector receiving a separate budget, those sectors receiving smaller funds get a lower quality of care. Manila's Housing Problem Like many cities in Southeast Asia, Manila exhibits an increasing number of consumer spaces. In recent years large shopping malls, entertainment centers, and specialty stores have been built, while squatter settlements exist right outside. It would be beneficial for Manila to create their own HDB and devote resources to building affordable housing in these available spaces rather than Western style shopping malls. As one of the fastest aging populations in Asia, Singapore faces the challenge of developing public policies to accommodate its changing age structure.
As a result of improvements in sanitation, medical technology, and public health awareness, life expectancy has risen.
Traditionally, the family was the main source of support for the elderly in Singapore, and the rest of Asia. However, as a result of massive rural to urban migration this family support has started to decline.
Policy makers in Singapore were concerned with the need to ensure financial security for the elderly, which led to the creation of the Central Provident fund (CPF).
The CPF is a mandatory retirement savings plan designed for Singapore citizens. One of the key objectives of the plan is to provide its members with a vehicle for retirement savings and also help meet their housing ownership and medical needs. Forward-looking policies in housing, health care, food security and retirement savings will help to decrease the rates of poverty among the elderly in Singapore and other Southeast Asian cities would do well to follow their example. Ryan St. Pierre Rice is the main source of nutrition for more than half of the world’s population.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), headed by Leo Chen Ian of Singapore provides support for rice research to reduce poverty and hunger not just in Singapore, but in Asia and around the world.
Many consider the modernizing of the rice industry to be the most effective weapon against poverty and hunger.
Singapore’s efforts to eradicate food scarcity has helped contribute to their diminished poverty level.
The efforts put forth by IRRI are not just felt in Singapore, but throughout Asia and the rest of the world. Food Security