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Avery Clarke

on 15 May 2014

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The Great Gatsby
many people associate the color white with purity and innocence, but in the book the true definition of white is flipped around to symbolize corruption and the American Dream
The green light that is found at the end of Daisy Buchanan's house is a symbol of Gatsby's dream. The color green originally symbolizes rebirth and growth, but again Fitzgerald turns this true definition around and had made it stand for money and greed
The American Dream is the opportunity for people to live a wealthy lifestyle. Everybody wants to live the American Dream, but what they do not realize is this can cause corruption in people and moral decay
The title of the novel itself can be an example of Appearance vs Reality. Many might argue that Gatsby is not all that great, he is only in fact great for the parties he throws and the things he owns. But looking into his personality he focuses too much on one dream that cause his downfall
The love between Gatsby and Daisy is also an example of Appearance vs Reality. At first their love seemed genuine, but as the story progresses it is obvious that Daisy only wants to be with Gatsby if he had the money to ensure her future. Daisy and Gatsby's love for each other is based off of money and security.

Myrtle is an example of Appearance vs Reality because she pretends to be part of the people who were living the American Dream. Recall to the part where there was a small gathering in Myrtle's apartment in New York with Nick, Tom, Catherine, and the McKee's. Myrtle put on a gorgeous red dress that impressed her friends and tells them that it was just something she threw on and that it was not her best dress, but in reality it was probably the nicest dress she owns. She then began making fun of the people who are poor and had no money for luxury when she is in fact a part of them.
Daisy Buchanan's appearance seems innocent and pure. Upon meeting Gatsby at first she falls in love with him, but as soon as she finds out that Gatsby was not as wealthy as she thought he was, she decided to leave him for Tom instead. Years after, she meets Gatsby again and this time he is wealthy enough for her 'love' . She starts to have an affair with Gatsby and seemed to genuinely care about him. Near the end of the novel she finds out how Gatsby actually earned his money and she starts to distance herself away from him, and when Gatsby dies she does not attend his funeral.
James Gats
Jay Gatsby introduced himself as an Oxford man. He also mentions that he inherited his money and that the wealth runs in his family. Later we learn that Gatsby actually comes from a poor family in Long Island. He changed his name from James Gats and moved away to become wealthy. To pursue this, Gatsby starts his business selling and providing illegal alcohol against the rule of prohibition during the time. When Nick first meets Gatsby he thought he would be just like everybody else, greedy, but Gatsby surprises him as he is different from the others, he doesn't care for money or other luxury, he only cares for Daisy.

Lady Macbeth
"Fair is foul, and foul is fair"
Witches: Act 1, Scene 1
Macbeth's character is a
symbol of appearance vs reality because he makes himself appear as though he is honest, trustworthy, and innocent. But the reality is that he is actually a liar that is guilty of committing the horrendous murders of multiple people. Macbeth starts the play as a good person that is loyal to the king, worthy of his full trust. But the prophecy given by the witches quickly alters his good intentions into horrific ones.
Lady Macbeth originally portrays herself as an evil, deceitful, and cruel person, and is extremely greedy, willing to do almost anything (even kill her own child) for her own personal gain. After multiple murders have been committed that she had a part in, and the consequences of some of those crimes have started to become apparent, Lady Macbeth's conscience takes over, causing her terrible nightmares and unrest. This weakness shows that she is not as strong and courageous as she is originally thought to be.
This means that what appears to be nice and true is evil and fake, and what appears to be evil and fake is actually nice and true. In other words, everything is not always what they seem, and is actually the opposite of they they may appear to be.
This is an early warning by the witches.
It is foreshadowing what will occur later on in the play.
Ex 1) Macbeth appears to be nice to be loyal and kind, and then ends up being the exact opposite
Ex 2) Lady Macbeth appears to be cruel and evil, but ends up being weak with a very guilt conscience.
A quote proving Macbeth’s appearance verses reality is when he told Macduff “Who could refrain, That had a heart of love, and in that heart, Courage to make's love known?" (II, III, 135-137). This is referred to the purpose of killing the guards. He wanted to appear that he was loyal to Duncan and uses the words love and courage to cover himself up so he doesn't look guilty but in reality his intentions were selfish and he killed both the guards and king
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are shown in a fearful huddle, plotting the murder of Duncan. To disguise their guilt they decide to pretend this conspiracy with innocence. This is shown with the quote as Macbeth advices “False face must hide what the false heart doth know.
Scenes and symbols in which things aren't what they seem:

-Clothing: Macbeth is dressed in a borrowed robe but would feel more comfortable in armour. This is a symbol of warrior verses a king

Nature: -Horses eating each other.
Owl killing a hawk

-Sleep as a symbol of a clear conscience but is said Macbeth doth murder sleep
The Thane of Cawdor is an example of appearence vs reality because he deceives the King, and therefore his country. Duncan assumed a thane of Scotland would remain loyal to his Country, but in reality, the thane had betrayed them.

'' No more that Thane of Cawdor shall deceive our bosom interest. Go, pronounce his present death, and with his former title greet Macbeth. '' (Act 1. SC. 3 73-76)

This could be foreshadowing that the newly appointed thane will also deceive the King. This is also appearance vs. reality because the King is sure Macbeth will make a better Thane of Cawdor than the one who betrayed his country. Although Macbeth appears to be a loyal and worthy thane, he will put his own ambitions before the good of the country.

''What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won.'' (Act 1. SC.3 79) Here the king has saying that Macbeth has fixed the damage the former thane had caused, however in reality, Macbeth will be responsible for a much greater damage.
The Thane of Cawdor
After the ruthless murder of Duncan, Lady Macbeth smears the blood from the daggers on the sleeping men .
'' Those of his chamber, as it seemed had done 't. Their hands and faces were all badged with blood. So were their daggers, which unwiped we found upon their pillows.'' (Act 2. SC.3 119-123)
It appears that these men have murdered the King, when in reality it was Macbeth due to the motivation of his wife who made it so Macbeth and herself appeared innocent.
After Lennox announces that the chamber men were responsible for the king's untimely death, Macbeth admits he has killed them for revenge on his fallen king. This causes Macbeth to appear to be completely loyal to Duncan. It seems that he was so devestated over the death of his king that he could not contain himself, when in reality the kings life meant very little to him, as long as he was in the way of Macbeth being crowned King.
The two sons had fled Scotland at the news of their father's death. Some had thought their behavior was suspicious but in reality they were determined to find their father's killer and avenge his death.
When MacDuff witnesses the damage Macbeth is capable of, he realizes he is not fit to be King. He finds Malcom and tells him of the horrors occurring in Scotland at the hand of Macbeth.

Another example of appearance vs. reality is Malcom testing MacDuff to see if he truly is loyal to Scotland. MacDuff appeared disloyal for abandoning his family in a time of danger. However, he knew he had to seek Malcom's help for the good of Scotland.

Malcom then appears to be an unworthy king. He tells MacDuff of all the immoral actions he will act on, proving that he would be no better then the ruthless MacDuff. However he was only waiting to see MacDuff's reaction. In reality he was ready to serve as a loyal and trust worthy king.
The New King
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