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Phonetics, Phonology and its importance in English language teaching

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Jose Ewerton Domingos

on 9 November 2016

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Transcript of Phonetics, Phonology and its importance in English language teaching

Some recommended books
Phonetics, phonology and its importance in English language teaching and acquisition
Elivelton Domingos | UFPE | Letras
elivelton.domingos@hotmail.com

Some sounds...
There are some sounds which are worth the attention, such as the ones we don't have in Portuguese:
This is the name given to the symbols used to characterize the
STRESS
RHYTHM
MUSICALITY
Phonolo... what?!
Phonemes
A little bit of history...
In order to go on, it is important to know the meaning of these two keywords:
PHONOLOGY
and
PHONETICS
.

It is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, that is, the performance, the execution.
It approaches, for instance, the different accents and variations of the pattern form.
It is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs. It analyzes the pattern forms of phonemes.
Phonology
Phonetics
sounds.
The phonemes are also divided between vowels and consonants.
References:
KELLY, Gerald; SCRIVENER, Jim.
How to teach pronunciation.
1. ed. Essex: Pearson Longman, 2000.

ROACH, Peter.
English Phonetics and Phonology Fourth Edition: A Practical Course.
4. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.





Phonemes of English
. Disponível em: <http://www.azlifa.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2006/08/Phonemes%20of%20English.pdf> Acesso em: 1 jun. 2013.

Phonemic Chart
. Disponível em: <http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/activities/phonemic-chart> Acesso em: 30 mai. 2013.
The Italian man who went to Malta
FORK = FUCK
BEACH = BITCH
PISS = PIECE = PEACE
/
/
/
A VOWEL LETTER CAN REPRESENT DIFFERENT VOWEL SOUNDS: HAT [hæt], HATE [heit].
Nikolai Trubetzkoy (1939) defines
phonology
and
phonetics
comparing them to Saussure's dichotomy: langue and parole.
INTONATION
It means that English speakers make some syllables and words
LOUDER, LONGER and HIGHER
\o/
Stress means emphasizing!
Syllable stress
PHO
tograph
pho
TO
grapher
CONNECTED SPEECH
LINKING
Word stress
I love you!
I
love you! (He doesn't!)
I
LOVE
you!
(And I want you to know this.)
I love
YOU
!
(I don't love her.)
meaning
tone of voice
English is a stressed-timed language!
}
then, though, this.
think, throw, thumb.
cat, ask, have.
g
i
rl
logic
a
l
unstressed syllables;
can occur in all the vowels.
diff
e
r
e
nt
fav
o
rite
Rhythm
Syllable stress
+
Word stress
Content words
Function words
1. Main verbs
2. Nouns
3. Adjectives
4. Adverbs
5. Negatives
6. WH- questions
7. interjections
1. Articles (a, the)
2. Conjunctions (and, but)
3. Prepositions (of, to)
4. Pronouns (he)
5. Auxiliary verbs (did)
Content words bring the meaning and must be stressed.
Function words are weaker and tend to disappear when speaking.
I
HAVE
to
GO
to
SCHOOL
.
It's
NOT

the
BEST
i
DE
a.
It's essential to mind your intonation in order to express the correct meaning of what you want to say.
http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/activities/phonemic-chart
But phonetics and phonology are not only about individual sounds...
Some teaching techniques
Should we teach it?
HOW?
Drilling
Tongue twisters
Noticing
sounds comparison
e.g.: A student says:
I don't like fruit and ve
GE
tables.
Teacher corrects and says the correct form:
I don't like fruit and
VE
getables.
Syllable stress can be expressed and taught!
important
The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.
If Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?
SHEEP
SHIP
CHIP
CHEAP
He doesn't know about his father, does he?
She is very intelligent, isn't she?
(asking for confirmation, I know she is intelligent.)
(asking for confirmation, but I don't know whether he knows or not.)
How to teach pronunciation
, by Gerald Kelly and Jim Scrivener.
English File
, by Clive Oxenden, et al.
English Phonetics and Phonology
, by Peter Roach.
TRUBETZKOY, Nikolai.

Grundzüge der Phonologie

(published 1939), translated by C. Baltaxe as Principles of Phonology, University of California Press, 1969
Thank you very much! :D
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