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Phonetics, Phonology and its importance in English language teaching
Transcript of Phonetics, Phonology and its importance in English language teaching
Phonetics, phonology and its importance in English language teaching and acquisition
Elivelton Domingos | UFPE | Letras
There are some sounds which are worth the attention, such as the ones we don't have in Portuguese:
This is the name given to the symbols used to characterize the
A little bit of history...
In order to go on, it is important to know the meaning of these two keywords:
It is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, that is, the performance, the execution.
It approaches, for instance, the different accents and variations of the pattern form.
It is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs. It analyzes the pattern forms of phonemes.
The phonemes are also divided between vowels and consonants.
KELLY, Gerald; SCRIVENER, Jim.
How to teach pronunciation.
1. ed. Essex: Pearson Longman, 2000.
English Phonetics and Phonology Fourth Edition: A Practical Course.
4. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Phonemes of English
. Disponível em: <http://www.azlifa.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2006/08/Phonemes%20of%20English.pdf> Acesso em: 1 jun. 2013.
. Disponível em: <http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/activities/phonemic-chart> Acesso em: 30 mai. 2013.
The Italian man who went to Malta
FORK = FUCK
BEACH = BITCH
PISS = PIECE = PEACE
A VOWEL LETTER CAN REPRESENT DIFFERENT VOWEL SOUNDS: HAT [hæt], HATE [heit].
Nikolai Trubetzkoy (1939) defines
comparing them to Saussure's dichotomy: langue and parole.
It means that English speakers make some syllables and words
LOUDER, LONGER and HIGHER
Stress means emphasizing!
I love you!
love you! (He doesn't!)
(And I want you to know this.)
(I don't love her.)
tone of voice
English is a stressed-timed language!
then, though, this.
think, throw, thumb.
cat, ask, have.
can occur in all the vowels.
1. Main verbs
6. WH- questions
1. Articles (a, the)
2. Conjunctions (and, but)
3. Prepositions (of, to)
4. Pronouns (he)
5. Auxiliary verbs (did)
Content words bring the meaning and must be stressed.
Function words are weaker and tend to disappear when speaking.
It's essential to mind your intonation in order to express the correct meaning of what you want to say.
But phonetics and phonology are not only about individual sounds...
Some teaching techniques
Should we teach it?
e.g.: A student says:
I don't like fruit and ve
Teacher corrects and says the correct form:
I don't like fruit and
Syllable stress can be expressed and taught!
The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.
If Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?
He doesn't know about his father, does he?
She is very intelligent, isn't she?
(asking for confirmation, I know she is intelligent.)
(asking for confirmation, but I don't know whether he knows or not.)
How to teach pronunciation
, by Gerald Kelly and Jim Scrivener.
, by Clive Oxenden, et al.
English Phonetics and Phonology
, by Peter Roach.
Grundzüge der Phonologie
(published 1939), translated by C. Baltaxe as Principles of Phonology, University of California Press, 1969
Thank you very much! :D