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Ancient Chinese Civilization

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Marc Arabe

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Chinese Civilization

Ancient Chinese Civilization Government and Laws Laws/rules -laws were strict so no one would disobey
-people suffer punishments
-if 1 commit a crime and did not report it, everyone in the family is given a punishment
-whatever laws they have became the laws of the whole empire
-everyone must use the money from their own state
-each family has their own land The Government -collect taxes
-keep law in order
-make sure that people have enough food
-gave top jobs in the government, to
talented officials chosen by the public
-over 30 000 had jobs running the empire Jobs/duties -emperors were surrounded by nobles
-nobles are in charge of warfare, politics, religion
-some has their own kingdoms to rule
-nobles protect peasants
-civil servants go to school to train
-can join the government
-people were taken away from home to work
-other peasants provide food for the
government Power -building projects meant forced labor
-only nobles owned horses, chariots,weapons
-encouraged Buddhist religion to spread and welcomed other foreign religions Advantages/Disadvantages -tried to keep law in order
-gave nobles kingdom to rule and it was peaceful again
-went to a period of disunity
-became weak and dishonest
-emperors were cruel and greedy Ancient Chinese Language Oral Common dialect is Northern Chinese or Mandarin Spoken Chinese has no tenses Differences can be spotted in the dialects with the use of tones One of the world's most distinct language written and spoken Writing Does not have an alphabet system Makes up 50 000 characters System is Logographic -
Each character means a word or part of a word Formed from Pictographs -
Pictures to represent an object Development Earliest examples was symbols craved on cliffs; Dated back to 6000 - 5000 B.C. Spoken through A.D. 1300s Once spoken in the capital Beijing the language became official References http://worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar111780&st=ancient+chinese+language Religion & Beliefs Offerings Punishments Mixed of two beliefs
That family members who have died continue to surround family
That all deceased objects have a soul

Shang-Di is the supreme god/king
Believed to control everyones destiny
Ruled over other elemental gods

Ancestor Worship
Believed that dead ancestors were actively involved in family
Became like gods when they die
If they didnt disasters would happen
still affect the present day Tomb & Burials
Buried important people with expensive items
Bronze items (vessels), art, decorated coffin, horses, skeltons/people
this supposedly help feed/cherish gods & ancestors

Sacrifice slaves, animals, to worship and offer ancestors If the civilians did not join the following and worshipping of their ancestors and gods, there is punishments
the punishments are for anyone
theyre called the "five punishments"
1. death penalty
2. branding - tatooing the victims forehead
3. slicing off the victims nose
4. removal of reproductive organs
5. tearing off body parts These punishments helped for social control & keep the religion in order By:
Trisha Culture Food -Emphasized arouma and colour
-Small pieces
-Effected by religion Cooking Styles North South -Delicious -Oily
-Often used noodles and dumplings
-Peking, Shangtung -Spicy
-Often used rice
-Schezhuan, Hunan Clothing -Men and women wore simmular things
-A tunic, a little longer for women
-Pants underneath during the winter Ancient Chinese Traditions The tratitions that the chinese people have are: Weddings
Children Art -Shang Dynasty was "Bronze Age"
-Most art made of bronze and jade
-Art often had design of dragons and animals http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ancient-chinese-food.html




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_New_Year Weddings are held by the parents from both families.
The parents go summon the master of astrology to see if they are ment for each other.
The two famlies would give eachother gifts to show their love for eachother.
The bride has wear a red scarf over her face for the wedding.
After the wedding the groom can take the scarf off of her face and reveal who his love is. Education, Children, and Writing The children get very little education.
The only ones that do are the rich little boys.
Rich little boys attend the school hopping that they could get a job with the government or gain political power.
They study Philosophy and poetry
Boys spend most of their school years memorizing what they learned. The children live with their parents, grandparents, aunts and uncles this shows them togetherness.
If one family member did something wrong the whole family did.
Only rich boys went to school.
The children were tought honour at a young age.
The parents expected the chilren to know their place was.
To respect people. The writing dates back to over 4000 years ago.
First writing was found on bone.
No spaces just punctuations.
Read it from top to bottom and arranged in colums.
Current system uses 6000 characters but on a ragular basis uses about 50000 written symbols. Children Writing Education Art, Clothing, and Food They make clay figures, paintings, and drew landscapes, flowers, water, and animals.
They would print writing and that became common in china 7-10 centeries.
Painted on silk and stone. http://www.ancientmilitary.com/ancient-china-government.htm Buddhism Nobles-member of royal or important family
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