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School-to-Prison Pipeline

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Emily Larin

on 12 March 2017

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Transcript of School-to-Prison Pipeline

Community organizations:
- Santa Ana Boys and Men of Color -Copwatch SantaAna
- Comite de Defensa Personal (Cop Watch Anaheim)
- RAIZ (Resistencia, Autonomia, Igualdad, Liderazgo)
- Boys & Men of Color (B.M.O.C.) - Orange County D.R.E.A.M. Team
- El Centro Cultural de Mexico.

Mr. Contreras from Saddleback
(after school guitar lessons), extracurricular
Mr. Vasquez from Valley High
(El Centro Cultural de Mexico, B.M.O.C.,
Barrio Writers, Noche de Altares, art teacher, Activist) dfdfdfdfdfhghjgjjh
What is the School to Prison Pipeline?
Potential Partners
Grassroots Fundraising
- Concerts/Events (ask discount or permission to use spaces) - Sell cultural food
- Sell Merchandise (shirts, pins, zines (booklets)) - Donations
- Apply and accept grants that don’t compromise the organization’s goals

Money raised will go 100% towards:
- Transportation, printing handouts, purchasing supplies
for workshops, and website domain

Goal for each month:
- If we were to host 3 events, the goal should be to raise

No one gets paid because its Grassroots Organizing!

Youth and Parents for Restorative Justice
Background History of Policing in School (1960’s)
Workshops Rooted in Restorative Justice
1) La Cultura Cura
"Culture Cures"

Learning about OURstories
Raising awareness of issues affecting youth of color
2) Reflection and Healing Circles
A space for students to express themselves
Building close relationships with peers
3) Know Your Rights
Stops and arrests, interactions with police

Community: Santa Ana, CA (Orange County)
School-to-Prison Pipeline:
The Struggle for Educational Justice

1) Zero Tolerance Policies (Skiba and Peterson, 2000 and the ABA): "Redefining students as criminals."
2) Excessive Policing (Kupchik, 2010 and the ACLU): "Security guards, law enforcement officers, and surveillance technologies as methods to deter students from misbehavior."
3) High Stakes Testing (Nichols and Berliner, 2007): Federal funding withheld to schools who score low, which leads to the pushing out of students labeled as "underachievers."
Practices that Fuel the Pipeline
The pushing of students, especially those with marginal identities, out of the public school system and into the criminal justice system.
This pipeline is the result of the education system's failure to meet the educational and social needs of students who have been marginalized and isolated within the school (Kim et al, 2010).
Black Youth Organized To Protect their Black Peers against the Spook Hunters
“Slauson / Gladiators” labeled as Gangs
City of Los Angeles had counselors go into schools to teach ideology of "Black Gangs" being a problem
Labeled as hate groups (eg. Black Panther Party)
Fight in a football game between
Jefferson H.S. and Crenshaw H.S.
LAPD & LAUSD (Police & Gov. Program
at Dorsey H.S.)
Before prison expansion
Sources Cited
1) Empower youth of color who are or have been targets of the school to prison pipeline by focusing on their educational and social needs.

2) Assist formerly incarcerated students who are struggling to re-adapt and reintegrate into school.

3) Fostering consciousness and resistance through the use of critical pedagogy.

4) Parent, youth, and community involvement.
Skiba, R. and Peterson, R. (2000). School discipline at a crossroads: From zero tolerance to early response.
Exceptional Children.
66(3). 335-347.
Wun, C. (2013).
Beyond the school to prison pipeline.

Kupchik, A. (2010). Homeroom security: School discipline in an age of fear. NYU Press, New York.
Nichols, S. and Berliner, D. (2007). Collateral damage: How high stakes testing corrupts America's schools. Harvard Education Press, Cambridge.

Noguera, Pedro A. "Schools, Prisons, and Social Implications of Punishment: Rethinking Disciplinary Practices." Theory Into Practice 42.4 (2003): 341-50. Print.

Community orgs:
- Santa Ana Boys and Men of Color,
- Copwatch SantaAna
- Comite De Defensa Personal (Cop Watch Anaheim)
- RAIZ (Resistencia, Autonomía, Igualad, Liderazgo)
- Orange County DREAM Team
- El Centro Cultural de México.

1) Saddleback: Mr. Contreras
(after school guitar lessons), extracurricular
2) Valley: Mr. Vasquez (El Centro, BMOC, Barrio
writers, Noche de Altares, art teacher, Activist)

Orange County Youth
Population 2012
46% - Latin@
34% - Whites
14% - Asians
4% - Other
1% - Pacific Islander
1% - Black
0% - Native Americans
Orange County Youth Population
in Detetion 2012
74% - Latin@
16% - Whites
3% - Asian
0% - Other
0% - Pacific Islander
5% - Black
2% - Native American
Source: The Federal Secure Communities Program & Young Men of Color in California, 2013
Full transcript