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518: A Bloody History

EAC term project - Gwangju Democratization Movement
by

Sung Hwan Hong

on 30 November 2009

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Transcript of 518: A Bloody History

518: A Bloody History But why Gwangju? Park Chung-Hee Check Your Books
Coup d'état
industrialization of Korea
Yushin constitution
- Dictator & Hero
Assassination in 1979




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=acN1OBjJFqY Chun Doo-Hwan Era New Semester in March 1980
Students/Professors Back to School
Growing Democratizing movemnets
- What did they want?
The May 15 demonstration 1980 (3 days before)
- Suppressive measures taken by the state
History of the region Yet another Bloody Sunday
Sung Productions Proudly Presents: ROK army General
Power vacumn after Park
- Coup D'état of December Twelfth Operation Chungjung
- called to supress the rebellion inspired by Communist sympathizers
Paratroops with guns/batons/bayonets
May 20, Buses and Taxies, May 21, raiding of the armory, May 22, blockade
Ends in May 28
4,369 total casualties --> very disputable
Illegal custody during the period of Martial law: more than 3,000
Number of total arrests unknown http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPZen6lNInY May 18 Aftermath and Popular Culture:
Called Gwangju Uprising/Massacre vs. Gwangju Affairs
National symbol.
National Assembly of 1988, 1995.
- Punishments and pardons.
Popular adaptation into books, movies, even a tv series.
Monuments, museums
May 18 = national holiday
Mangwol-dong cemetery
Bibliography:

Book:

Schoppa, R. Keith. East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World, 1700-Present. Alexandria, VA: Prentice Hall, 2007. Print.

Sites:

http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/55a/index-aaa.html
http://www.democracynow.org/2005/5/18/25_years_ago_the_kwangju_massacre
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/752055.stm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gwangju_Democratization_Movement
http://www.nytimes.com/1996/08/29/world/the-people-of-kwangju-recall-1980-massacre.html

http://eng.518.org/eng/html/main.html?TM18MF=02020000
http://libcom.org/history/1980-the-kwangju-uprising
http://www.hrschool.org/doc/mainfile.php/lesson36/
http://www.hrschool.org/doc/mainfile.php/lesson37/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/4557315.stm


Full transcript