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Transcript of Section 3
May 1564 d. grew up in Roman Catholic family Broke away from Roman Catholic church in adulthood AKA-
Reformed faith French Protestant Institutes of Christian Religion- his book founded a church that had a strong following Settled in Geneva, in which the official religion was Calvinism Kept many of Luther's beliefs on faith and the Bible. Religion was named Calvinism Believed in predestination City became a theocracy- a government ruled by a a clergy
claiming God's authority. very strict rules and punishments Rules Crime to speak disrespectfully of Calvin
prohibited dancing, card playing, showy dress, profane language
number of dishes on table
color of clothing
Punishments arriving late for Sunday service resulted in a fine
heresy resulted in being banned from the city
Witches would be burned at the stake
One father was commanded to name his son Abraham, he preffered the name Claude, for this he spent four days in jail.
if spoke disrespectfully of Calvin the punishment was first a reprimand, then a fine, imprisonment, or banishment.
Sex before marriage was treated by banishment or drowning the couple.
adulterers, blasphemers and idolaters were killed.
one child hit its parents and was punished with being beheaded.
Calvin's own stepdaughter and son-in-law were condemned for adultery. Calvinism spread to France In France, Calvinists were known as Huguenots At its peak, Calvinism controlled one third of France Many officials that didn't claim Calvinism still used the ideas and doctrines. In 1652 Huguenots and Catholics fought in a Civil War. Huguenots won and Henry IV issued the Edict of NANTES, which gave them freedom to worship and some political rights. Eventually moved to Poland, Hungary, Scotland, Northern Netherlands, Germany. Calvinism actually evolved into Puritanism in North American colonies teachings moved to Ignatius de Loyola
Founded the Jesuits meaning "Society of Jesus" Spanish soldier who fought for Charles V against French. His leg was shattered in a war. The Cathoilc reformation originally began
as a policy of reviving a more spiritual outlook in the Catholic Church. Wrote a book named Spiritual Exercises Were set up similar to a military body Believed that salvation could be achieved by self-discipline and by doing good deeds. Loyola was the general of the order; the members were his soldiers Because of the order, they were the most effective means of spreading catholicism. Slowed the spread of Protestantism in Poland, Germany, and France. Greatly stressed education Built many of the best colleges in Europe "Go ye, then, into all the world and take possession of all lands in the name of the Pope. He who will not accept him as the Vicar of Jesus and his Viceregent on earth, let him be accursed and exterminated." The Cathoilc reformation originally began as a policy of reviving a more spiritual outlook in the Catholic Church. Pope Paul III Pope from 1534-1549. He Brought the Inquisition to Rome. the Spanish auhorites had been trying to punish these heretics since 1478.the inquisition had used some of the cruel punishments for the heretics. such as torture and death by slow buring at the stake.
This was not seen as punishing the Protestants, but as keeping Catholics within the Church. Pope Paul IV He established the "Index of Forbidden Books" This was a book that forbade Catholics to read certain books that were considered to be harmful to faith or morals.
These books were kept until 1966 when the Second Vatican Council abandoned it. The Council of Trent The Council of trent was a group of Church leaders summoned to the City of Trent by Pope Paul III. The council met three sessions from 1545 to 1563. they defined official church doctrine the same way Calvin had used to define his faith. The council banned the sale of indulgences and tightened the disciplne for the clergy. It emphasized the need for ceremonies, arguing that God ought to be worshippedwith pomp and splendor. they noted that pople needed to depend on priests because God granted forgiveness only through the Church Todd Gray J. T. Scantlin Micheal Dover