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Early Beginnings of Culture and Society
Transcript of Early Beginnings of Culture and Society
support from the arm The Fossil evidence of the evolution of Man The Pithecanthropus (erect ape man) lived between 50,000,000 and 800,000 years ago Sinanthropus between 1929 and 1937, recovered fossils parts of a near-human population in Northeastern China The family of primates the Anthropoidea Pongidae Hominidae belongs to the family of man Early Varieties of the Genus Homo The Australopithecus Afarensis this was believed to have existed between 3.8 and 3.6 million years ago The Australopithecus Africanus this retained the large chin of the ape, but its dental features were similar to those modern humans The Australopithecus Robustus These existed between two or more million years ago. they were found 1st in South Africa Man Descended from Ape's 2. Mongoloids - is a term sometimes used by forensic anthropologists and physical anthropologists to refer to populations that share certain phenotypic traits such as epicanthic fold and shovel-shaped incisors and other physical traits common in East Asia, Southeast Asia, North Asia, Central Asia, the Americas, the Arctic and parts of the Pacific Islands and South Asia. The eleven major races are the following:
1. Caucasoid – has been used to denote the general physical type of some or all of the populations of Europe, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia (the Middle East), parts of Central Asia and South Asia. Historically, the term has been used to describe many peoples from these regions, without regard necessarily to skin tone. Race Classification
10. Ainus – a member of the aboriginal people of Japan, now mostly intermixed with Mongoloids immigrants whose skin color is more yellowish.
11. Veddoids – a member of an ancient race of Southern and Southeastern Asia and Northern Australia, characterizes by dark brown skin, slim build and wavy hair. 5. Micronesian Polynesian – found in island of Melanesia and Polynesians. The body hair is slight. Their skin is light, and head hair varies from straight.
6. Congo or Central African Pygmies – average stature is less than five feet. Not dark as the African Negroid and Melanesian.
Micronesian 3. Negroid - is a term used by forensic and physical anthropologists to refer to individuals and populations that share certain morphological and skeletal traits that are generally associated with Black African ancestry, also referred to as Nigger.
4. Bushman Hottentot – live in South Pacific Islands, characterized by deeply pigmented skin and eyes, tightly curled hair. 7. Far Eastern Pygmies – found in Adaman island Luzon and Mindanao in the Philippines. Lips are fairly thick, body hair is slight and average height is five feet.
8. Australoid – head hair varies nearly straight to frizzly hair but typically heavy they have much body hair.
9. Bushman Hottentot – average five feet of height. Eyelids often have epicanthic folds. Body hair sparse. Skin is not dark.
Far Eastern Pygmies Australoid Bushman Hottentot