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The Grand Review

APHG Grand Review
by

Meghana Thota

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of The Grand Review

The Grand Review
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Rank-Size Rule vs. Primate City Rule
Label each of the following models and explain how each can be useful to geographers.
MODELS!
Which one does not belong?
235) Place the following in order from least recent to most recent: "big box" superstore, downtown business district, shopping mall, internet
Match the following:
Cities and Urban Land Use
By: Meghana Thota
Smith-4

221) Canada
RANK-SIZE RULE
222) France
223) Germany
224) India
225) South Korea
226) United States
PRIMATE CITY RULE
RANK-SIZE RULE
RANK-SIZE RULE
PRIMATE CITY RULE
RANK-SIZE RULE
227)
a. Megalopolis
b. Core Area
c. Boston to Washington, D.C.
d. Los Angeles to San Diego
a. Brookfield Square
b. Edge City
c. Gentrification
d. Suburban Sprawl
e. White Flight
a. Agglomeration
b. Business Park
c. Decentralization
d. Edge Cities
a. France
b. Mesopotamia
c. Mexico
d.North China
e. The Indus Valley
a. Blockbusting and Racial Steering
b. Redlining by Financial Institutions
c. Concentration of Public Housing
d. Fixed School District Boundaries
e. Economic Enterprises Zone
a. World Cities
b. Chicago
c. Mumbai
d. Tokyo
a. 500 B.C.-- Defensive Sites
b. A.D. 1700 -- Water Power
c. A.D. 1800 -- Railroad Junctions
d. Pre-1950 -- Navigable Waterways
e. Post-1950 -- Highways
a. Urban
b. Africa
c. Asia
d. South America
228)
229)
230)
231)
232)
233)
234)
downtown business district
shopping mall
"big box" superstore
internet
Multiple Choice!
236) export primarily to consumers outside the settlement
237) sell to people within the settlement
238) basic industries minus non-basic industries
239) related to talent
240) related to the level of services provided
241) center of Latin American cities
242) provided to people by government
243) downtown
244) the presence of which greatly diminishes the attractiveness of site farther away
245) illegal occupation of a residential district
a. basic industries
g. non-basic industries
d. economic base
e. human capital
j. urban hierarchy
c. central plaza
h. public housing
b. CBD
f. intervening obstacle
i. squatter settlement
246) Which of the following environmental issues is of the most immediate concern to policy-makers in New England?
247) Which of the following was NOT a reason for rapid suburbanization in the United States after the Second World War?
248) According to the rank-size rule, if the largest city in a country has a population of 10 million, the next largest city will have a population of:
249) Today, most of the United States and Canadian population lives in which of the following?
250) Public transit is more extensive in Western Europe cities than in the United States primarily because
251) The attraction of the call center industry to locate in India can best be explained by:
252) Historically, the growth of North American suburbs was most constrained by:
253) In Latin America, data for employment in many large urban areas are most likely to be incomplete because:
254) Spreading parts production and fabrication among many countries or communities______________.
a. overharvesting of breeding stock by commercial fishers
b. reduction in long-distance commuting
d. 5 million
d. metropolitan areas
b. European governments subsidize public transit
e. None of the above
c. limited transportation
e. many people work in the informal sector
b. increases large corporations bargaining power with local governments and labor.
255) The Burgess Model/Concentric Zone Model
Burgess studied 1920s Chicago to make this model.
Model consists of 5 concentric zones.
Burgess suggested immigrants lived in inner zones which caused affluent residents to move farther out.
Concentric Zone does not allow for physical geography barriers.
256) Hoyt-Sector Model
Developed in the late 1930s.
Answered drawbacks or Burgess Model.
Hoyt said growth created pie-shaped urban structure.
Sector model states that CBD is not as important as Burgess indicated.
Sectors were developed along transport routes.
257) Multiple Nuclei Model
Developed in 1940s.
Harris and Ullman hypothesized the CBD was further losing its dominance.
CBD no longer nucleus of the modern city.
Reflects decentralization and the re-nucleation of urban functions.
Nuclei are disconnected and do not necessarily rely on each other.
258) Von Thunen Model
Model was created prior to industrialization.
Assumptions:
Isolated state
Soil quality and climate consistent throughout state
Farmers act to maximize profits
No transportation infrastructure
The model is concerned with land use patterns and market distances.
259) Central Place Theory
Model created in 1930s by Walter Christaller.
Used the central places as a market center for the exchange of goods and services.
Big towns/cities are farther apart from each other.
Hamlet, Village, Town, City, Metropolis, Megalopolis
Hexagons used because they create no gaps or overlaps.
260) Central Place Theory
Vertical Geography
Top - Apartments (lower noise levels and panoramic views)
Middle - Professional offices (less dependent on walk-in trades, lower rents)
Street - Retailers (to entice customers)
Combining models = more accurate
Urban Sprawl
The progressive spread of development over a landscape.
More than 1/2 or all trips taken are work-related!
PROBLEMS WITHIN AN INNER CITY!
Social
Economic
Eroding tax base
Impact of recession
Physical
Process of deterioration
Filtering
Redlining
Underclass
Culture of poverty
10 most populous cities!
Buenos Aires, Delhi, Dhaka, Kolkata, Mexico City, Mumbai, Sao Paula, New York, Shanghai, Tokyo
Only two are from MDCs!
Big towns/cities are farther apart from each other.
Circle size represents comparative size of city (population).
Rest of information same as #259
Rank-size Rule -
Primate City Rule-
Full transcript